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Film History part I:. The beginning. Modern History. There have been TWO major innovations in the arts in recent history: Photography Motion picture. Modern History. Motion picture was born of curiosity, technological ingenuity and the desire to visually record life and study movement.

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Film history part i

Film History part I:

The beginning . . .


Modern history
Modern History

  • There have been TWO major innovations in the arts in recent history:

    • Photography

    • Motion picture


Modern history1
Modern History

  • Motion picture was born of curiosity, technological ingenuity and the desire to visually record life and study movement.

  • Motion picture was only possible due to advancements in photography!


Innovator eadweard muybridge
Innovator: Eadweard Muybridge

  • A British photographer working in California

  • Took the first photos capturing motion in 1877 and 1878

  • He set off a row of cameras (12, later 24)

  • Each camera had a string connected to the shutter

  • He set up the cameras and had a horse run by; as the horse ran by, it pulled the strings and took the pictures!

  • So, he had a succession of photos showing the horses running


Check these out
Check these out!

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eadweard_Muybridge


So . . .

  • The first “motion pictures” were simply a series of pictures strung together!

  • Muybridge influenced many inventors:

    • Including Thomas A. Edison and the Lumiere brothers.


Thomas a edison 1890s
Thomas A. Edison – 1890s

  • 1st films in the U.S.

  • He created a motion picture company and recorded circus acts and vaudeville performances.

  • Displayed the first commercial motion-picture machine in 1893

    • Called the kinetoscope.

      • One person at a time - “peep show” style

    • Replaced by projections on a large screen

      • For more than one!

  • First commercial projection in a theater took place at the Koster and Bial’s Music hall, New York, April 1896.



Check these out1
Check THESE out!

  • http://memory.loc.gov/mbrs/edmp/4014a.mov

  • http://memory.loc.gov/mbrs/edmp/4015a.mov

    A great site:

  • http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/edhtml/edmvhm.html


Louis and auguste lumiere
Louis and Auguste Lumiere

  • Used the kinetoscope idea from Edison

  • Used a lighter-weight camera and took it out into the everyday world.

    • For example, an early film showed a baby being fed its cereal.

  • The first paid public performances took place in the basement of a café in Paris in December 1895.




Check these out2
Check these out!

  • http://www.institut-lumiere.org/francais/films/1seance/1seance01.html

  • http://www.institut-lumiere.org/francais/films/1seance/1seance06.html


While creating films
While creating films:

  • Film makers learned that some subjects were more interesting than others.

  • For now, however, subjects were still bland.

  • The art was still limited:

    • Usually shot straight on, far enough back to get everything in frame, AND the film only allowed for a half minute at most.

    • AND films were silent, black and white and two dimensional.


Two schools of thought

Formative:

Artistic

Posed/arranged and manipulated

Theatrical in nature

Meant to record a ‘performance’

Realistic:

Capture unadulterated events

Documentary style

Two schools of thought

What could enhance this art? THE STORY!!!


It is difficult to say who added story to film
It is difficult to say who added story to film . . .

  • One important figure sticks out:

    • George Melies

      • Had a background in the arts

      • Worked in theater devoted to Magic

      • He worked with ‘trick films’

      • ‘special effects’ were born!

      • “The Vanishing Lady” and “Haunted Castle”

      • Also worked with narrative by increasing the length of films from under one minute to 10 or 15 minutes in length!



D w griffith
D.W. Griffith

  • Important figure in American Film

    • READ ABOUT HIM!

    • View: THE BIRTH OF A NATION


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