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Situation of ATM in Europe Background Institutional set-up SES-Implementation and SESAME. Contents of Presentation. Situation of ATM in Europe. European airspace is fragmented according to national borders rather than traffic flows. More than 60 A rea C ontrol C entres in Europe in 2003.

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Contents of presentation

Situation of ATM in Europe

Background

Institutional set-up

SES-Implementation and SESAME

Contents of Presentation


Situation of ATM in Europe

European airspace is fragmented according to national borders rather than traffic flows.

More than 60 Area Control Centres in Europe in 2003.


Situation of ATM in Europe

Sectors and routes are designed according to national borders rather than traffic flows.


Situation of ATM in Europe

Traffic is still expected to grow, and even to double between 1997 and 2020.


Situation of ATM in Europe

Congestion leads to sub optimal trajectories.


Situation of ATM in Europe

The busiest routes have to avoid military areas.


Situation of ATM in Europe

Military areas are located in the core area of Europe.


Background

  • The European Commission, Vice President Ms de Palacio, launched the initiative in 1999.

  • Main principles:

    • Reduce fragmentation between:

      • the airspace of Member States,

      • civil and military providers and users,

      • systems

    • Introduce new technology

    • Create synergy EU – Eurocontrol


Background

20 April 2004: Entry into forceof 4 Regulations of the European Parliament and the Council:

  • No 549/2004:Framework

  • No 550/2004:Service Provision

  • No 551/2004:Airspace

  • No 552/2004:Interoperability

    Publication in the Official Journal of the European Union in

    edition L 96 of 31 March 2004, see:

    http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/archive/2004/l_09620040331en.html


Which opportunities

Better co-operation between ANSPs, regulators, civil and military providers;

Improved relations between airspace users and service providers;

Improve safety, performance and efficiency levels;

Create required future capacity at reasonable costs;

Share airspace as a common resource disregarding national boundaries.

Which opportunities ?


Institutional set up

Single Sky Committee (SSC) military providers;

Industry Consultation Body (ICB)

Co-operation with Eurocontrol

Institutional Set-up


Single Sky Committee military providers;

  • The Single Sky Committee assists the Commission

    • 2 representatives per Member State (civil & military representation)

    • Observers: Eurocontrol, European countries with aviation agreements (CH, NO, IS)

    • chaired by the Commission

  • Decision making process:

    • consultative (simple majority of MS)

    • regulatory (qualified majority of MS, 2/3 of weighted votes)


Single military providers;Sky Committee (II)

  • Functions of the Committee:

    • Provide opinion on draft Commission implementing

      rules (regulations/directives/decisions)

    • Provide opinion on draft mandates to Eurocontrol

    • Policy guidance (SESAME)

    • (if needed) coordination of Community position within Eurocontrol

    • (in the future) address problems in connection with FABs

      10 meetings so far, the next one on 22 September 2005


Industry Consultation Body (II) military providers;

Established by SES-regulation in order to provide Commission with advice by all stakeholders. Members:

4 ATSP (CANSO)

4 Manufacturing Industry (ASD formerly AECMA)

2 Airports (ACI)

5 Professional staff associations (Joint ATM Working Group (4), ECA/IFALPA (1))

8 Airspace Users (IATA, AEA (2), IACA, ERA, ELFAA, EBAA, IAOPA)

2 CNS Service Providers (COM (1), NAV (1))

1 Meteorological Service Providers (Aviation Meteorology Group)


Industry Consultation Body military providers;

Observers:

1 Eurocontrol

2 Non-European Interests (FAA and AIA)

1 Military (CMIC)

1 Research Establishments (EATRADA)

6 meetings so far, next meeting in October 2005

Current subjects of interest: SESAME, interoperability, new mandates

ICB expresses expectations on new technology, timetable, priorities, orientation for research


Eurocontrol military providers;

The European Community has become a member of Eurocontrol besides the (presently 22) MS,

relations with Eurocontrol are area of shared national and

Community competence.

Memorandum of Cooperation of December 2003

between the European Commission and Eurocontrol organises cooperation in the domain of Single Sky,

Research, Statistics and GNSS

Through mandates Eurocontrol contributes to the implemen-tation of the Single Sky.


Mandates to Eurocontrol military providers;

  • Charging regime

  • Airspace design

  • Flexible use of airspace

  • Functional airspace blocks: report

  • Interoperability

  • AFTM, EUIR, AIP

  • Performance Review

  • Target level of safety


Implementation

European upper information region (EUIR) military providers;

Functional airspace blocks (FAB)

Flexible use of airspace (FUA)

National Supervisory Authorities (NSA)/Designation

(certification ANSP)

ATCO-licence

Interoperability

SESAME

Extension to 3rd countries

Implementation


Reorganisation of the Airspace - EUIR military providers;

  • Establishment of an European Upper Information Region (EUIR) by merging all UIRs controlled by European Member States above FL 285 and within the EUR and AFI ICAO regions.

  • Shall be negotiated and agreed within ICAO.

  • Possibility to extend to airspace outside the EUR and AFI ICAO regions (choice of MS).



Reorganisation of the Airspace - FAB military providers;

  • Establishment of Functional Airspace Blocks (FAB) in the upper (and possibly lower) airspace.

  • Objectives:

    • Reduce fragmentation,

    • Take into account traffic flows and not national borders,

    • Increase co-operation,

    • Increase harmonisation,

    • Provide efficiency gains.


MS to develop FABs according to 7 criteria: military providers;

safety case;

optimum use of airspace, taking into account air traffic flows;

overall added value, including optimal use of technical and human resources, on the basis of cost-benefit analyses;

ensure a fluent and flexible transfer of responsibility for ATC;

ensure compatibility between upper and lower airspace;

comply with regional agreements concluded within ICAO;

respect regional agreements, in particular those involving European third countries.

Reorganisation of the Airspace - FAB


Reorganisation of the Airspace - FAB military providers;

  • Bottom-up approach:

    • MS are fully responsible to initiate and set-up FABs,

    • FABs can include all or parts of a State’s Airspace,

    • For multinational FABs, all States involved must agree on the respective FAB,

  • No single “blueprint” for FABs, we expect different models to be implemented.

  • But, these FABs shall meet the 7 general criteria of the regulation.


Reorganisation of the Airspace - FAB military providers;

  • Based on the experience of States/ANSPs when setting up FABs, the Commission will develop binding general principles for establishment and modification of FABs;

  • The extension of FABs to lower airspace (below FL 285) will be studied by the Commission before the end of 2006;

  • The Commission will review the functioning of the bottom-up approach by early 2009 and propose additional measures, if necessary.


Reorganisation of the Airspace - FUA military providers;

  • Flexible Use of Airspace (FUA):

    • Support civil/military co-operation within FABs and between different FABs,

    • Establishes mandatory rules and criteria for application of FUA,

    • Harmonizes conditions of access and freedom of movement within the airspace.

    • Civil/military coordination in airspace management and air traffic management.

    • Regional/cross-border application of FUA.


NSA military providers;

  • Establishment or nomination of National Supervisory Authorities since 20 April 2004.

  • Requirements:

    • (At least) functional separation from ANSP.

    • Impartiality and transparency

    • Capabilities:

      • Technical expertise,

      • Sufficient manpower,

      • Sufficient financial resources.


NSA military providers;

  • NSA need to co-operate. They can be established at regional level.

  • Tasks:

    • Certification of ANSPs,

    • Compliance monitoring,

    • (poss.) role in designation process

    • safeguarding role re declarations of conformity/suitability/verification under interoperability

      regulation .

  • Future: which role for EASA?


Interoperability military providers;

  • Objective and scope:

    • Interoperability between the different systems, their constituents and associated procedures of the European ATM network,

    • Coordinated introduction of new agreed and validated concepts of operations or technology.

  • Three different tools:

    • Essential requirements.

    • Implementing rules.

    • Community specifications.


Interoperability military providers;

  • Essential requirements:

    • Seamless operation,

    • Safety,

    • Civil-military coordination,

    • Support of new concepts of operation,

    • Environmental constraints,

    • Principles governing the logical architecture,

    • Principles governing the construction of systems.

      Essential requirements are compulsory

      (Annex II of interoperability regulation).


Interoperability military providers;

  • Implementing rules:

    • Shall determine any specific requirement that complements or refine the Essential Requirements,

    • Shall also describe the coordinated introduction of new, agreed and validated concepts of operation or technology.

      Implementing rules are compulsory

      (prepared by Eurocontrol and adopted by EU-Commission).


Interoperability military providers;

  • Community specifications are means of compliance

    European Standards

    (drawn up by CEN/CENELEC/ETSI in cooperation with EUROCAE)

    or

    Eurocontrol specification(for operational coordination)

    (Systems, procedures and constituents which meet

    Community specifications are presumed compliant with

    mandatory rules)


SESAME military providers;

SESAME is the Single European Sky Implementation Programme to modernise ATC infrastructure. Synchronises the implementation of new equipment in the EU by ensuring that airborne equipment is consistent with ground technology. Initialised by ATM equipment manufacturers, it is now supported by the whole air transport community.


Why SESAME? military providers;

Traffic will more than double by 2025!

ATM is still using ageing technology from 70s, even 50s with virtually no automation at all

Possible with current operating principles?

?


Sesame

Turn off the fragmented ATM approach military providers;

Synchronise and integrate plans from research to operations

Combine technical/operational solutions with the institutional/ regulatory/ financial instruments of the European Commission

SESAME will plan, research, develop, implement

SESAME


Sesame1

Two main phases: military providers;

Definition Phase (2005-2007)

Deliver a European ATM Master Plan for 2007-2020

Implementation Phase (2007-2020)

Development and deployment of new generation ATM systems

Incremental approach, phased in 3 « packages »

SESAME


SESAME – Definition phase military providers;

  • Definition phase launched, will run up to 2007

  • Run under Eurocontrol’s operational responsibility

  • Deliverable: ATM Master Plan for 2020, which will define a common goal and vision for the development of the European air traffic control infrastructure


Industrialisation military providers;

Deployment

Deployment

Foundation

  • Innovative R&D Applied R&D Industrialisation

Deployment

Applied R&D Industrialisation

Applied R&D Industrialisation

Applied R&D Industrialisation

Applied R&D Industrialisation

Applied R&D Industrialisation

Deployment

Deployment

Deployment

Deployment

Applied R&D Industrialisation

SES Deployment

Collaborative – High Performance ATM

SESAME – Implementation phase

2005

2010

2015

2020

Definition

Phase

2005

2010

2015

2020

Accompanying technical/operational solutions with regulatory instruments


Proposed Governance Structure military providers;

  • The Commission proposes to set up a Joint Undertaking:

  • Separate legal entity

  • Community and other parties (public and private) can be members

  • Eurocontrol is proposed to be a founding member, together with the Community

  • Oversight by Member States through the Single Sky Committee


SINGLE SKY COMMITTEE military providers;

SINGLE SKY COMMITTEE

ADMINISTRATIVE BOARD

ADMINISTRATIVE BOARD

CONSEIL D

CONSEIL D

ADMINISTRATION

ADMINISTRATION

Usagers

Usagers

(4)

(4)

(4)

Users

Users

Services NA (3)

Services NA (3)

ANSPs

ANSPs

(3)

Community

Communaut

Communaut

Community

é

é

Eurocontrol

Eurocontrol

Eurocontrol

Eurocontrol

Autre

Other Members

Autre

Other Members

Membre

Membre

)

)

)

(10)

(10)

(10)

(10

(10

(10

A

A

é

é

Airports

roports

Airports

roports

(2)

(2)

(2)

Manuf

Manuf

.

.

Ind

Ind

Equipement

Equipement

(1)

(1)

(1)

EASA, MILITARY, STAFF

EASA, MILITARY, STAFF

Administrative board

Taking into account conclusions from the SDG study

Mapping industry representation on Definition Phase


Tasks and responsibilities military providers;

  • The SESAME JU will be the ‘owner’ of the ATM Master plan:

  • Organise Research & Validation activities, and complementary technical studies

  • Common components (paper, soft or hardware) definition and/or procurement activities, as defined in the ATM Master Plan

  • JU will be a light structure and rely on external technical resources

    • Eurocontrol

    • Other members

    • Specific technical working groups


Funding military providers;

  • An estimated 300 M€ p.a. are foreseen (to be confirmed and detailed in the definition phase):

  • R&D Framework programmes

  • Industry funding

  • TEN-T funding

  • Eurocontrol funding

  • Route charges under Common Projects charging scheme

  • ANSPs

  • Third country members

  • Funding can also be ‘in kind’


Relations with third countries military providers;

  • The full potential of the SES (“seamless operation”) will only be reached by enlarging its scope

  • “The Community shall aim at and support the extension of the SES to countries which are not members of the EU. To that end, it shall endeavour, either within the framework of agreements concluded with neighbouring third countries, or within the context of Eurocontrol, to extend the scope of this Regulation to those countries”.

    (Article 7 of the Framework regulation)


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