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瑞典名义账户养老金制度 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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瑞典名义账户养老金制度. ( 严禁应用商业目的,如需引用请注明出处 ). 中国社科院世界社保研究中心 房连泉 2014 年 3 月 15 日. 提纲. 一、瑞典养老保险制度框架 二、瑞典名义账户制设计 三、基本评价. 一、瑞典养老保险制度框架 1 、 90 年代之前的传统养老金制度 ( 1 )国民养老金 (FP) ,建立于 1913 年,为覆盖全体国民的定额待遇型养老金。 ( 2 )收入关联型养老金 (ATP) ,建立于 1960 年 , 基于工资最高的 15 年来计算待遇, 缴费满 30 年,替代率约 60% 。

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瑞典名义账户养老金制度

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5066334

2014315


5066334


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  • 190

  • 1(FP)1913

  • 2(ATP) 1960, 15 3060%

  • FPATP

  • 80%10-15%


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  • 290

  • 1991

  • 1992

  • 1994

  • 1995-1998

  • 199861999


5066334

  • 3

  • (GP)FP;

  • (inkomstpension) ;

  • ( Premium Pension)


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1


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()

  • 7%10.21%8.07

  • 7% 17.21% /93% = 18. 5%

  • 18. 5%, 16%4AP

  • 2. 5% PPM)PPM


5066334

()

t

I t

KPIt t6

Yt t1664()

Nt t1664

Ut t

kt2)(t3)

3


5066334

()

  • (Annuity divisor)

:

Di

K-i( k = i, i+ 1, i+ 2) ;

X (0, 1, 11) ;

L ii10

61


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2


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  • ,1. 6%1.6%growth norm

  • 1.6%


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  • (Adjustment Index) 1.6%

  • 2% 1% 1.4% (2%-1.6%+1%)

  • 1% 1%0. 4% (1% - 1. 6% + 1% )


5066334

  • ()

  • (Automatic Balancing Mechanism,ABM)

  • (Balance Ratio)

  • :

    = (+) /


5066334

  • (Capitalized Value of Contributions)

  • (Turnover Duration)

  • ( Pay in duration)( Pay out duration)


5066334


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  • 1,1

  • =

  • 104%0. 99104% 0. 99 = 102. 96% 2. 96%4%


3 6 10

3610


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()

  • 18. 5%1960199416% 19941998

  • 19381995

  • 19381/54/5ATP

  • 19381939ATP75%

  • 195415


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()

  • :

  • ( Pension Qualifying Income)

  • ( Pension Qualifying Amounts),


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  • 7% 10. 21%

  • ,18. 5%


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  • (Deceased Persons)( Inheritance Gains)

  • ( Inheritance Gains Factor)

  • ,


5066334

  • 19952012 2.9%3.5%

  • 1%8%

  • 4 2000-2012 %


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  • 5 201210.96

  • 6 2012


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4


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5


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6


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  • 2008


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7


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