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Overview. Conventional Farming Organic farming Video: My Father ’ s Garden The difference between conventional farming and organic farming Why are organic foods more expensive?. Conventional Farming. 1940 ’ s began farming with agri-chemicals

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Overview

Overview

  • Conventional Farming

  • Organic farming

  • Video: My Father’s Garden

    • The difference between conventional farming and organic farming

  • Why are organic foods more expensive?


Conventional farming

Conventional Farming

  • 1940’s began farming with agri-chemicals

    • Fertilizer, pesticides, herbicides, fungicides and rodenticides

  • 1972 Congress ordered the EPA to test all pesticides for potential health hazards.

    • All agri-chemicals can remain until EPA proves dangerous

  • 1990’s pesticide companies focus on genetic engineering

  • Using agri-chemicals is the predominate way food is grown in U.S. so it is now called “conventional” farming


Organic farming

Organic Farming

  • Based on :

    • Using natural, renewable fertilizer and pesticides

      • Compost, manure, Bt

    • Farming in a way that maintains and replenishes the life and nutrients in the soil.

      • The farmer feeds the living organisms in the soil.

      • Handful of organic soil – 5 billion microorganisms

  • Primary methods used:

    • Crop diversity

    • Crop rotation

    • Biological pest control


Organic foods

Organic Foods

  • Plants grown without conventional pesticides or fertilizers

  • Produced without genetically engineered seeds

  • Animals are fed organic feed and raised without use of antibiotics

  • Food processed without irradiation or food additives


Overview

“Eating is an environmental act.”

Wendell Berry


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