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Gods and goddesses . Lotus. Sun god -Ra. Geb. Nut. S eth. Osiris. Isis. Nephthys. Anubis. Horus. Hathor. 1. Osiris – god of the Afterlife . “Lord of the underworld” Husband of Isis 1 st Egyptian to be mummified Represented as a dead king holding the emblems of his supreme power:

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Lotus

Sun god -Ra

Geb

Nut

Seth

Osiris

Isis

Nephthys

Anubis

Horus

Hathor


1 osiris god of the afterlife
1. Osiris – god of the Afterlife

  • “Lord of the underworld”

  • Husband of Isis

  • 1st Egyptian to be mummified

  • Represented as a dead king holding the emblems of his supreme power:

  • shepherd’s crook

  • flail


2 isis favorite goddess
2. Isis – favorite goddess

  • Sister & wife of Osiris

  • Mother of Horus

  • Associated with female creative power

  • Symbolized the perfect mother

  • Symbol is the throne


3 horus god of the sky
3. Horus – god of the sky

  • Son of Osiris and Isis

  • Killed Seth

  • Represented as a falcon-headed god.

  • Carries an ankh which symbolizes life


4 seth god of evil and darkness
4. Seth – god of evil and darkness

  • Osiris’s brother and murderer

  • Associated with all evil

  • Represented as an extraordinary creature with features of different animals


5 nephthys goddess of friendship
5. Nephthys – goddess of friendship

  • Sister of Isis, mother of Anubis

  • Wife of Seth

  • Left Seth to help Isis

  • Friend to all women

  • Symbol is a chalice


6 anubis god of the dead
6. Anubis – god of the dead

  • Son of Seth and Nephthys

  • Presides over funerals and the embalming ritual

  • Represented with the head of a

    jackal, as they haunt cemeteries


7 amun ra kings of the gods
7. Amun-Ra (kings of the gods)

  • Two gods in one; uniting of the local god, Amun with sun god, Ra

  • Controls time, seasons, wind and clouds

  • Most powerful god during the New Kingdom


8 nut sky goddess
8. Nut – sky goddess

  • Sister of Geb, the earth god

  • Often painted blue and covered in stars

  • Swallowed the sun at night and it was reborn at sunrise


9 sobek god of water
9. Sobek – god of water

  • Controlled the Nile and its marshes and floods

  • Helped retrieve Osiris from the Nile

  • Represented as a crocodile

  • Followers started in the city of Crocadiloplis


10 thoth god of wisdom writing and learning
10. Thoth – god of wisdom, writing and learning

  • Author of the Book of the Dead

  • Believed to have invented writing, arithmetic and the calendar

  • Represented with the head of an Ibis bird


11 hathor goddess of music dancing joy and love
11. Hathor – goddess of music, dancing, joy and love

  • Protects people during the mummification process

  • Wife of Horus

  • Represented with the head of a cow, a symbol of motherly love


12 bastet cat goddess
12. Bastet – cat goddess

  • Protector of women, children and the sun’s power to ripen crops

  • Very well loved; people were not allowed to harm cats









Ammit- the devourer; “Eater of the Dead”



Deceased: “I am pure of mouth and

hands, without guilt, without evil.”





Gods and goddesses foldable
Gods and goddesses foldable

  • Make a foldable to help you remember and identify the ancient gods and goddesses of Egypt.

  • Include:

    • All gods that we covered in the notes.

    • Descriptions of their appearance and what they were the gods of.


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