Definite articles
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Definite Articles. How to use Definite Articles in Italiano. What is a Definite Article?. ~A Definite Article is the “the” before a noun. ~ Every noun has a specific definite article. ~Definite articles are decided by the gender and number of the noun.

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Definite Articles

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Definite articles

Definite Articles

How to use Definite Articles in Italiano.


What is a definite article

What is a Definite Article?

~A Definite Article is the “the” before a noun.

~ Every noun has a specific definite article.

~Definite articles are decided by the gender and number of the noun.

~Every noun has a gender, masculine and feminine. The best way to decide the gender of a noun is by the last letter or the definite article.

o & i = masculine

a & e = feminine.


List of definite articles

List of Definite Articles

SingularPlural

Masculine

il-i

lo-gli

l’-gli

Feminine

la-le

l’-le


When do you use each

When do you use each?

Masculine Definite Articles (in the singular)

il – used with masculine nouns beginning with a consonant.

ex – il ragazzo, il professore

lo – used with nouns beginning with z, s plus a consonant, ps, or gn.

ex – lo studente, lo zero, lo psicologo

l’ – is used with nouns, masculine or feminine, beginning with a vowel.

ex – l’amico, l’orologio, l’amica, l’università


Making masculine articles plural

Making Masculine Articles Plural

When the noun becomes plural, the article must change as well.

il becomes i

ex. i ragazzi, I professori

lo becomes gli

ex. gli studenti, gli zeri

l’ (in the masculine) becomes gli

ex. gli amici, gli orologi


When do you use each1

When do you use each?

Feminine Definite Articles (in the singular)

la – used with the singular feminine nouns

ex. La ragazza

la scuola

la casa

l’ – used for both masculine and feminine for any noun starting with a vowel.

ex – l’amica, l’isola


Making feminine articles plural

Making Feminine Articles Plural

When making feminine articles plural, it is very simple.

Both la and l’ become le when they are pluralized.

la becomes le

ex. Le ragazze, le scuole

l’ becomes le

ex. Le amiche, le isole


Adesso toca voi

Adesso, è toca voi!

Write in the definite article of each word.

____ orologio_____ bandiera

____ studenti_____ professoressa

____ cestino_____ bacheca

____ professore_____ amica

____ ragazzo_____ quaderni

____ banco_____ Signorina

____ libro_____ pianta


Gender of nouns

Gender of Nouns

What is a noun?

~ a person, place or thing

In Italiano, nouns are either Masculine or Feminine

Masculine

~in the singular ends in “o” and becomes an “i” when it is pluralized.

Feminine

~in the singular, usually ends in “a” and becomes an “e” when pluralized.

*When a noun ends in an “e” in the singular it can be either masculine or feminine, and you need to memorize which ones are which.


Esempi dei nomi

Esempi dei nomi

Examples of Nouns:

il ragazzo = the boy~ i ragazzi = _________

la ragazza = the girl~ le ragazze = _______

il libro = the book~ i libri = ____________

la lavagna = the blackboard

~ le lavagne = _______


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