Definite Articles. How to use Definite Articles in Italiano. What is a Definite Article?. ~A Definite Article is the “the” before a noun. ~ Every noun has a specific definite article. ~Definite articles are decided by the gender and number of the noun.
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How to use Definite Articles in Italiano.
~A Definite Article is the “the” before a noun.
~ Every noun has a specific definite article.
~Definite articles are decided by the gender and number of the noun.
~Every noun has a gender, masculine and feminine. The best way to decide the gender of a noun is by the last letter or the definite article.
o & i = masculine
a & e = feminine.
Masculine Definite Articles (in the singular)
il – used with masculine nouns beginning with a consonant.
ex – il ragazzo, il professore
lo – used with nouns beginning with z, s plus a consonant, ps, or gn.
ex – lo studente, lo zero, lo psicologo
l’ – is used with nouns, masculine or feminine, beginning with a vowel.
ex – l’amico, l’orologio, l’amica, l’università
When the noun becomes plural, the article must change as well.
il becomes i
ex. i ragazzi, I professori
lo becomes gli
ex. gli studenti, gli zeri
l’ (in the masculine) becomes gli
ex. gli amici, gli orologi
Feminine Definite Articles (in the singular)
la – used with the singular feminine nouns
ex. La ragazza
l’ – used for both masculine and feminine for any noun starting with a vowel.
ex – l’amica, l’isola
When making feminine articles plural, it is very simple.
Both la and l’ become le when they are pluralized.
la becomes le
ex. Le ragazze, le scuole
l’ becomes le
ex. Le amiche, le isole
Write in the definite article of each word.
____ orologio_____ bandiera
____ studenti_____ professoressa
____ cestino_____ bacheca
____ professore_____ amica
____ ragazzo_____ quaderni
____ banco_____ Signorina
____ libro_____ pianta
What is a noun?
~ a person, place or thing
In Italiano, nouns are either Masculine or Feminine
~in the singular ends in “o” and becomes an “i” when it is pluralized.
~in the singular, usually ends in “a” and becomes an “e” when pluralized.
*When a noun ends in an “e” in the singular it can be either masculine or feminine, and you need to memorize which ones are which.
Examples of Nouns:
il ragazzo = the boy~ i ragazzi = _________
la ragazza = the girl~ le ragazze = _______
il libro = the book~ i libri = ____________
la lavagna = the blackboard
~ le lavagne = _______