Introduction to athletic training
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Introduction to Athletic Training. Chapters 1 & 2. Sports Medicine. Multi-disciplinary approach to health care for those seriously involved in exercise and sport Study and application of scientific and medical knowledge to aspects of exercise and athletics

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Sports medicine
Sports Medicine

  • Multi-disciplinary approach to health care for those seriously involved in exercise and sport

  • Study and application of scientific and medical knowledge to aspects of exercise and athletics

  • Aims to promote health and fitness while preventing, treating, and rehabilitation injury


Sports medicine1
Sports medicine

  • Athletic Training

  • Biomechanics

  • Medical Practice

  • Orthopedics

  • Physician Assistant

  • Dentist

  • Ophthalmologist

  • Physical Therapy

  • Exercise Physiology

  • Neurologist

  • Sport Nutritionist

  • Sport Psychologist

  • Massage Therapy

  • Certified Strength & Conditioning


History development of sports medicine
History & Development of sports medicine

  • Late 19thto early 20th century

    • Desire to understand and extend the limits of human performance

  • Developed into a recognized field in early 20th century

  • 1954: American College of Sports Medicine

    • Intended to guide the convergence of different fields with a common focus directed toward the goal of national health and fitness

  • Athletic competition and participation continues to rise

  • True sports medicine specialists have training that allows them to specifically address the needs of the athlete


What is athletic training
What is athletic training?

  • The rendering of specialized care to individuals involved in exercise and athletics

    • Prevention, recognition, evaluation and care of injuries

  • Certified Athletic Trainer: highly educated and skilled professional who specializes in the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of injuries


  • History development of athletic training
    History & development of Athletic Training

    • Galan: physician and philosopher

      • Regarded as one of the greatest physicians of the classical period

      • Contributed volumes to science of medicine

      • Trainer and physician to gladiators in ancient Rome

    • Roman Empire falls

      • Middle Ages—few advancements in medicine

    • Renaissance

      • Human body actively studied

      • Leonardo da Vinci: contributions to science & human body outshine all preceding

    • Field continues to grow

      • Sports popular, even commercialized more ATC’s needed

      • Educational requirements for ATCs increase

      • Public insists that highly educated professionals work on their child


    Athlete s circle of care the sports medicine team
    Athlete’s circle of care & the sports medicine team

    • Team physician—absolute authority in determining participation status

    • Athletic Trainer

    • Coach

    • Athlete

    • Parent?

    • Specialist?


    Title ix
    Title ix

    • Federal legislation in effect since1972

    • Prohibits discrimination in school athletic participation on the basis of sex

    • Tremendous increase in female athletic participation, creating an even greater need for qualified certified athletic trainers


    Cramer family 1920
    Cramer Family (1920)

    • Gardner, Kansas

    • Started a chemical company

      • Produced liniment to treat ankle sprains

    • Publication of First Aider in 1932

    • Family instrumental in early development of the athletic training profession

    • Continue to play prominent role in education of student athletic trainers


    History and development of athletic training
    History and development of athletic training

    • 1950: NATA formed, establishing professional standards for the athletic trainer

    • 1991: American Medical Association (AMA) recognized athletic training as allied health profession


    Requirements for certification
    Requirements for certification

    • Must graduate from an undergraduate or graduate program accredited by Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE)

    • Pass certification exam

    • Maintain certification with continuing education


    Core curriculum
    Core curriculum

    • Human anatomy

    • Human physiology

    • Psychology

    • Kinesiology

    • Biomechanics

    • Exercise physiology

    • Personal community health

    • Nutrition

    • Prevention of athletic injuries/illness

    • Evaluation of athletic injuries/illness

    • Therapeutic modalities

    • Therapeutic exercise

    • Administration of athletic training programs


    Core curriculum continued
    Core curriculum continued

    • First aid and emergency care

    • General medical conditions and disabilities

    • Health care administration

    • Medical ethics and legal issues

    • Pathology of injury/illness

    • Pharmacology

    • Professional development and responsibilities

    • Psychosocial intervention and referral

    • Risk management and injury/illness prevention

    • Strength training and reconditioning

    • Statistics and research design

    • Weigh management and body composition


    Certification examination
    Certification examination

    • Fulfill requirements

    • Tested in 6 domains:

      • Prevention of athletic injuries

      • Recognition, evaluation, and assessment of injuries

      • Immediate care of injuries

      • Treatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioning of athletic injuries

      • Health care administration

      • Professional development and responsibility


    Purposes of certification
    Purposes of certification

    • To establish standards for entry into the profession of athletic training

    • Standards set by the National Athletic Trainers’ Board of Certification (NATABOC) www.nataboc.org



    Atc roles responsibilities
    ATC Roles & responsibilities

    • Prevention

    • Recognition, Evaluation, & Immediate Care

    • Rehabilitation Course of Action

    • Administration

    • Professional Development

    • Personal Skills


    1 preventative
    1. Preventative

    • Pre-Participation Screening (PPE)

    • Conditioning

      • Total body

      • Sport or injury specific

    • Monitoring Environmental Conditions

      • Field conditions

      • Weather

    • Properly Fitted Equipment

    • Educate

      • Parents, coaches, athletes


    2 recognition evaluation immediate care
    2. Recognition, Evaluation, & immediate care

    • Emergency

    • Acute

    • Course of Action


    3 rehabilitation course of action
    3. Rehabilitation—course of action

    • Short Term

    • Long Term

    • Return to Play


    4 administration
    4. administration

    • Documentation

      • Daily records

      • Treatment logs

      • Insurance

      • Family history

      • Medications

      • Surgeries

    • Written Guidelines

    • Policy and Procedures

      • Daily operations

      • Rules/regulations

      • EAP

      • Scheduling


    5 professional development
    5. Professional development

    • Organizations/Associations:

      • NATA

      • NATABOC

      • AMA

      • CAATE

      • ACSM

      • NSCA

      • AOSSM

    • Membership in Different Professional Organizations

    • Stay current in certification

      • CEU

    • Be active in organizations


    6 personal skills
    6. Personal skills

    1. Know the Athlete:

    • Medical History past/current

      • Injuries, allergies, meds, contact lens, dental appliances

    • Personality

      • Low tolerance vs. high tolerance

    2. Know the Sport:

    • Fundamentals

    • Demands of sport

    • Same injury

      • In one sport not cleared,

        in another

        can play


    Personal skills continued
    Personal skills continued

    3. Remain Calm:

    • Self calm

    • Calm the athlete

      • Very difficult to assess if the athlete is scared, excited, and anxious

    4. Alert:

    • Observe all athletes

      • Limping, down, acting unusual

        5. Good Judgment:

    • Common sense


    Personal skills continued1
    Personal skills continued

    6. Experience:

    • Confidence

    • Assessment skills

      7. Patience (with):

    • Evaluation

    • Athlete

    • Self


    Personal skills continued2
    Personal skills continued

    8. Referral:

    • Record all information

    • Send to physician

      • Doubts, concerns

    • Clearance


    What personal qualities make a good athletic trainer
    What personal qualities make a good athletic trainer?


    Required skills
    Required skills

    • Problem solving ability

    • Deductive reasoning skills

    • Good judgment

    • Good decision making skills

    • Proficient knowledge of anatomy, physiology, biology, and advanced first aid

    • Motor skills

    • Communication skills

    • Ability to work well with people

    • Ability to work well under stressful conditions

    • Ability to maintain poise in emergencies


    Role of the athlete
    Role of the athlete

    • Conditioning and Fitness

    • Proper Nutrition

    • Know Risk of Sport

    • Report Injuries

    • Active Role in Rehab



    Employment settings1
    Employment settings

    • Secondary School

    • College/University

    • Professional Teams

    • Sports Medicine Clinic/Physical Therapy

    • Industrial Setting

    • Hospital/Outreach

    • Non-Traditional


    Secondary schools
    Secondary schools

    • Usually faculty-athletic trainer position

    • Compensation based on:

      • Released time from teaching

      • Stipend as coach

    • Provide limited coverage


    Colleges universities
    Colleges/universities

    • Small Institutions

      • Part-time teacher, part-time athletic trainer

      • Multiple sports

      • Also provide coverage to intramurals & club programs

      • Long hours

      • Limited resources

    • Major Institutions

      • Full-time athletic trainers

      • Works only for dept of athletics

      • One sport

      • Long hours!

      • Abundance of resources, personnel


    Professional teams
    Professional teams

    • Perform specific team athletic training duties for 6 months per year

    • Works with only one team or organization

    • Under contract, similar to players


    Sports med clinics physical therapy
    Sports med clinics/physical therapy

    • More ATCs employed in this setting than in any other

    • Varies from clinic to clinic

      • Most ATCs treat patients with sports-related injuries in am & contract out to high schools in pm

      • Salaries are typically slightly higher than in more traditional settings

    • May be responsible for marketing of sports medicine program


    Industrial military
    Industrial/military

    • Becoming common for ATC to work in a prevention role

    • Oversee fitness and injury rehabilitation programs for employees

    • Must understand concepts behind ergonomics

    • May be assigned to conduct wellness programs & provide education and individual counseling

    • Also employed by federal law enforcement agencies (i.e.. FBI, CIA, DEA)


    Non traditional
    Non-traditional

    • X-Games

    • Dance Company

    • Olympics (Summer & Winter sports)


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