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Georgia Studies. Unit 3-Statehood, Revolution, and Westward Expansion Lesson 1-Cause of the American Revolution. Lesson 1-Causes of the American Revolution. Essential Question -How did the causes of the American Revolution impact Georgia?

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georgia studies
Georgia Studies
  • Unit 3-Statehood, Revolution, and Westward Expansion
  • Lesson 1-Cause of the American Revolution
lesson 1 causes of the american revolution
Lesson 1-Causes of the American Revolution
  • Essential Question

-How did the causes of the American Revolution impact Georgia?

-Why was trade so important to the colonies during the American Revolution?

north america 1754
North America, 1754
  • Spain claimed Florida and Mexico
  • France claimed land from Louisiana to the Great Lakes, and parts of Canada; New Orleans (south) and Detroit (north) anchored French settlements
  • Great Britain had established the 13 colonies along the Atlantic coast
french and indian war origins
French and Indian War Origins
  • France and Great Britain wanted the treasures of the American continent
  • Both countries feared the other would gain the most power
  • France had the stronger army with more experienced leadership; British had better navy
  • Both sides had allies with certain Indian tribes
the french and indian war
The French and Indian War
  • Both sides claimed the Ohio River Valley area
  • The French built several forts in the area; many Indians sided with the French
  • The Virginia governor sent Captain George Washington with soldiers to Fort Necessity; a battle erupted
  • The war soon spread to Europe; by 1758, the British controlled the Ohio Valley
  • The Treaty of Paris (1763) ended the war; the British were victorious.
georgia and the war s aftermath
Georgia and the War’s Aftermath
  • Treaty of Paris set Georgia’s western boundary at the Mississippi River
  • Proclamation of 1763 (King George III): Georgia’s southern boundary set at St. Mary’s River; Georgia colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains as the land was reserved for Native Americans.
  • Cherokee and Creek tribes gave up land claims north of Augusta and the costal region
unhappy with british acts
Unhappy with British Acts
  • Great Britain needed money; much debt and security expenses resulted from the French and Indian War
  • Sugar Act: tax on sugar and molasses imported from the West Indies
  • Stamp Act: tax on newspapers, legal documents, and licenses
  • Georgians disapproved of these acts
the liberty boys
The Liberty Boys
  • Part of larger group, the “Sons of Liberty”
  • Georgians who came together to oppose the Stamp Act
  • Some called them “Liberty Brawlers”
  • Met in taverns, such as Savannah’s Tondee’s Tavern
  • Georgia only colony to actually sell the stamps
  • Stamp Act was eventually repealed
protests increase
Protests Increase
  • Georgia protested the British taxation (acts) to a small extent. The other 12 colonies were more directly effected by many of these acts and reacted (protested) more strongly.
  • Noble Wimberly Jones, speaker of Georgia colonial assembly, led Townshend Act protests
  • Townshend Acts: placed import taxes on tea, paper, glass, and coloring for paints
  • Governor Wright disbanded the assembly to try to end the protests
intolerable acts
Intolerable Acts
  • Boston Tea Party-Protest against the Tea Act in Boston, Massachusetts on December 16, 1773. Members of the Sons of Liberty, dressed as Native Americans, dumped 90,000 lbs. of tea into Boston Harbor.
  • Great Britain punished the Massachusetts colony by creating the Coercive Acts
intolerable acts1
Intolerable Acts
  • The Intolerable Acts had four major effects:

1. Closed Boston Harbor

2. Cancelled the Massachusetts Royal Charter

3. British officials accused of crimes in Massachusetts were tried in Great Britain.

4. Quartering Act-Citizens of Massachusetts were forced to house and feed British troops at their own experience.

declaration of independence
Declaration of Independence
  • Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense” pamphlet encourage colonies to break from Great Britain; sold more than 500,000 copies
  • Other pamphlets, including “The Crisis” influenced opinion
  • August 2, 1776:Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton (representatives from Georgia) sign the Declaration of Independence
  • The Declaration meant the colonists were one nation; Georgians prepared for war
georgia studies1
Georgia Studies
  • Unit 3: Revolution in Georgia
  • Lesson 2: The Revolutionary War Period
lesson 2 the revolutionary war period
Lesson 2-The Revolutionary War Period
  • Essential Question

- What role did Georgia and its citizens play in the American Revolution?

first continental congress
First Continental Congress
  • Many of the British colonies in North America had began to protest taxation as long as they were not represented in British Parliament.
  • 12 of the 13 colonies sent representatives to the First Continental Congress; Georgia was not represented.
  • Urged colonies to establish “Committees of Safety”
  • Agreed to stop all trade with Britain
  • Carried on its work in secret
  • “Provincial Congress” held in Savannah in January 1775; less than one-half of Georgia’s parishes were represented
second continental congress
Second Continental Congress
  • Met in Philadelphia after Lexington and Concord battles in Massachusetts.
  • Drafted petition for King George III, asking for end of unfriendly steps against the colonies
  • George III refused to accept the petition
  • Authorized Continental Army
  • Georgia’s Lyman Hall arrived in May 1775
  • August 2, 1776: Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton sign the Declaration of Independence
georgia s second provincial congress
Georgia’s Second Provincial Congress
  • Held at Tondee’s Tavern in Savannah in July 1775
  • Archibald Bulloch, John Houstoun, Noble Wimberly Jones, and Reverend John Zubly chosen to represent Georgia in Philadelphia
  • Delegates given no specific instructions; told to make best decisions for Georgians
  • Governor Wright fled colony in early 1776; Council of Safety established “Rules and Regulations” to govern Georgia
revolutionary war fighting in georgia
Revolutionary War Fighting in Georgia
  • Georgia was divided between patriots and loyalists.
  • Savannah captured and looted by British troops in December 1778; lootings, murders, and burnings occurred
  • Sunbury port captured in early 1779; Augusta was also attacked
  • Georgia militia not effective against well-trained British troops. French military leaders and reinforcements were brought in to train and assist the Continental Army.
  • Governor Wright eventually returned from Great Britain to govern Georgia. Continued to govern from Savannah until 1783.
battle of kettle creek 1779
Battle of Kettle Creek (1779)
  • Colonel Elijah Clarke led Georgia militia, defeated 800 British troops near Washington, Georgia
  • Great victory for morale of the militia and Georgians seeking independence
  • Won badly-needed weapons and horses from the British
siege of savannah 1779
Siege of Savannah (1779)
  • 15,000 Americans and 4,000 French laid siege to Savannah
  • Attack on October 9 resulted in 1,000 American and French deaths in less than an hour; only 40 British troops died
  • Polish Count Casimir Pulaski killed
  • Savannah remained under British control, and the leadership of James Wright, for nearly four more years
  • Guerrilla warfare continued in the Georgia backcountry
georgia wartime heroes
Georgia Wartime Heroes
  • Nancy Hart single-handedly captured a group of British loyalists who bragged of murdering an American colonel; Hart County is the only county named for a woman
  • Austin Dabney fought with distinction and was wounded at Kettle Creek; he also saved Elijah Clarke’s life during that battle.
the war ends
The War Ends
  • Elijah Clarke, the Georgia Militia, and the Continental Army regain Augusta from British in June 1781; 11 battles or skirmishes fought in Georgia during the war
  • George Washington, with French help, force British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia in October 1781
  • British leave Savannah in the spring of 1782
  • Treaty of Paris (September 1783) ends war; treaty is signed by United States, Great Britain, and France