What are autotrophs
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What are autotrophs?. Organisms that make their own food (like plants). What do autotrophs need to make their own food?. Sunlight  photosynthesis. What are the products of photosynthesis?. Glucose and oxygen. How do all organisms obtain energy?.

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What are autotrophs?

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What are autotrophs

What are autotrophs?


Organisms that make their own food like plants

Organisms that make their own food (like plants)


What do autotrophs need to make their own food

What do autotrophs need to make their own food?


Sunlight photosynthesis

Sunlight  photosynthesis


What are the products of photosynthesis

What are the products of photosynthesis?


Glucose and oxygen

Glucose and oxygen


How do all organisms obtain energy

How do all organisms obtain energy?


By absorbing nutrients from food we eat not by digesting it

by absorbing nutrients from food we eat (not by digesting it)


What are the reactants of photosynthesis

What are the reactants of photosynthesis?


Carbon dioxide and water combined with sunlight and chlorophyll

Carbon dioxide and water (combined with sunlight and chlorophyll)


What are heterotrophs

What are heterotrophs?


What are autotrophs

Organisms that cannot make their own food (like animals)sHeterotrophs are consumers - they must obtain their food by consuming producers or other consumers


What is the formula for photosynthesis

What is the formula for photosynthesis?


With sunlight and chlorophyll

(with sunlight and chlorophyll)


What are the 2 basic forms of energy

What are the 2 basic forms of energy?


Kinetic movement potential energy based on position

Kinetic – movement Potential energy – based on position


Give an example of when you would have high kinetic energy high potential energy

Give an example of when you would have high kinetic energy + high potential energy.


Going up stairs or roller coaster the potential energy increases as you go up

Going up stairs or roller coaster (the potential energy increases as you go up)


What is cellular respiration

What is cellular respiration?


Harvesting energy atp stored in food occurs in both plants and animals

Harvesting energy (ATP) stored in food – occurs in both plants and animals


What are the reactants and products in cellular respiration

What are the reactants and products in cellular respiration?


Opposite to photosynthesis glucose and oxygen carbon dioxide water and atp

Opposite to photosynthesis:Glucose and oxygen  Carbon dioxide, water and ATP


What is the formula for cellular respiration

What is the formula for cellular respiration?


What is chemical energy

What is chemical energy?


What are autotrophs

The potential energy of organic compounds – related to the arrangement of the atoms within amolecule. (see peanut diagram)


What is a calorie

What is a calorie?


What are autotrophs

A unit of energy – the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius


What is deceptive about the number of calories on a food label

What is deceptive about the number of calories on a food label?


1 kilocalorie 1000 calories called big c the calories shown on a food label is are kilocalories

1 kilocalorie=1000 calories called “big C”The calories shown on a food label is are kilocalories


What is thermal energy

What is thermal energy?


Energy transferred from a warmer object to a cooler object heat that cannot be saved or collected

energy transferred from a warmer object to a cooler object – heat that cannot be saved or collected


Give an example of thermal energy

Give an example of thermal energy


What are autotrophs

1- About 75% of all the available energy in gasoline is lost as heat. 2-60% of heat is lost from the human body – this is why we get hot in a small crowded room.


What is the structure of chloroplasts

What is the structure of Chloroplasts?


Where photosynthesis takes place in plants

Where photosynthesis takes place in plants


Where do oxygen co2 gases and water leave the leaves from in plant leaves

Where do Oxygen, CO2 (gases) and water leave the leaves from in plant leaves?


Stomata like a door on the underside of a leaf

Stomata – like a door on the underside of a leaf


What is the liquid inside a chloroplast called

What is the liquid inside a chloroplast called?


Stroma

stroma


Coin like structures that are found in the stroma

Coin-like structures that are found in the stroma


Thylakoid

Thylakoid


In a leaf where are the greatest number of chloroplasts found

In a leaf, where are the greatest number of chloroplasts found?


Facing the sun on top

Facing the sun (on top)


The chlorophyll uses this along with carbon dioxide and hydrogen ions to produce sugar molecules

The chlorophyll uses “this” along with carbon dioxide and hydrogen ions to produce sugar molecules


Energetic electrons

Energetic electrons


What are the 2 stages of photosynthesis

What are the 2 stages of photosynthesis


Light and dark reactions dark reactions are also called the calvin cycle

Light and dark reactions (dark reactions are also called the Calvin Cycle)


What does atp stand for

What does ATP stand for?


Adenosine triphosphate

adenosine triphosphate


What are the three types of work cells perform

What are the three types of work cells perform?


What are autotrophs

Mechanical(physical movement), chemical (dehydration synthesis or building amino acids) and transport (movement od molecules across a membrane)


An important fact about atp

An important fact about ATP


It is recyclable adp phosphate

It is recyclable (ADP + phosphate)

ATP is produced at the rate of 10 million ATP molecules per cell per second


What is the difference between aerobic and anaerobic

What is the difference between aerobic and anaerobic?


With oxygen vs w o oxygen

With oxygen vs. w/o oxygen


How does the heart help the body get oxygenated blood

How does the heart help the body get oxygenated blood?


What are autotrophs

-heart pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs where the blood exchanges carbon dioxide w/oxygen. -The oxygen in the blood returns to the heart so that oxygenated blood can be pumped to the rest of the body. -The carbon dioxide to released to exit the body through breathing.


What are autotrophs

What do all living things need as fuel for cellular respiration? Where does it occur? What does it produce?


Glucose in the mitochondria atp 38

-Glucose-in the mitochondria-ATP (38)


Does glucose burn quickly or slowly

Does glucose burn quickly or slowly?


What are autotrophs

It gets burned slowly. It provides you w/energy so that you can use it throughout the day (slow and steady).


What are autotrophs

True or false:you use the same amount of energy when you are sleeping compared to when you are awake


What are autotrophs

True!


What unique structure permits a great deal of energy production in the mitochondria

What unique structure permits a great deal of energy production in the mitochondria?


The folded inner membrane that has a a surface area

The folded inner membrane that has a a surface area


What are the 3 stages of respiration and which stage produces the most atp

What are the 3 stages of respiration and which stage produces the most ATP?


What are autotrophs

1- Glycolysis - nonaerobic (2 ATPs)2- Krebs Cycle – aerobic (2 ATPs)3- Electron Transport Chain – aerobic (32-34 ATPs)


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