Sharps flats and enharmonics
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Sharps, Flats, and Enharmonics. A.K.A. The Black Keys. Sharps. Sharp- raises a pitch a half step (sounds higher) Notation- # The middle of the sharp sign must be in the same location as the note. #. Note is third space, center of sharp is third space….they must match!. Sharps.

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Sharps flats and enharmonics

Sharps, Flats, and Enharmonics

A.K.A.

The Black Keys


Sharps
Sharps

  • Sharp-raises a pitch a half step (sounds higher)

  • Notation- #

  • The middle of the sharp sign must be in the same location as the note

#

Note is third space, center of sharp is third space….they must match!


Sharps1
Sharps

  • The sharp sign (#) is always placed BEFORE a note when written in the music.

  • The sharp sign (#) is written AFTER the note name, when writing things in English.

#

C#

Or

C-sharp


Sharps2
Sharps

#

#

#

#

#

F#

C#

G#

D#

A#


Sharps3
Sharps

  • Individual Practice-complete the worksheet naming sharps


Flats
Flats

  • Flat-lowers a pitch a half step (sounds lower)

  • Notation -

  • The middle of the “b” must be in the same location as the note.

Note is second space, center of flat is second space….they must match!


Flats1
Flats

  • The flat sign ( ) is always placed BEFORE a note when written in the music.

  • The flat sign ( ) is written AFTER the note name, when writing things in English.

C

Or

C-flat


Flats2
Flats

D

F

A

C

E

G


Flats3
Flats

  • Individual practice-complete the worksheet naming flats


Sharps on the piano
Sharps on the Piano

  • Remember: half-steps are the next closest touching key.

  • Sharps will always be the next closest key to the RIGHT.

D#

F#

G#

D#

F#

G#

C#

A#

C#

A#

C

D

F

A

C

D

F

A

G

G


Sharps on the piano1
Sharps on the Piano

  • E# and B# are different.

  • Moving up a half-step for them means moving to the white key to the right.

  • What are the names of the E# and B# keys normally?

F

C

F

C

E

E#

B

B#

E

E#

B

B#


Enharmonics
Enharmonics

  • Enharmonics are different notes that land on the same piano key.

  • B# is the same key as C

  • E# is the same key as F

  • This also means that these different note names will make the same sound.


Flats on the piano
Flats on the Piano

  • Remember: half-steps are the next closet touching key.

  • Flats will always be the next closest key to the LEFT

E

G

A

E

G

A

D

B

D

B

D

E

G

B

D

E

G

B

A

A


Flats on the piano1
Flats on the Piano

  • C and F are different

  • Moving down a half-step for them means moving to the white key to the left.

  • What are the names of C and F normally?

B

E

B

E

F

F

C

C

F

F

C

C


Enharmonics1
Enharmonics

  • Enharmonics are different notes that land on the same piano key.

  • C is the same key as B

  • F is the same key as E

  • This also means that these different note names will make the same sound


Enharmonics2
Enharmonics

  • All names of all keys…lots of enharmonics!

D#

F#

G#

D#

F#

G#

C#

A#

C#

A#

E

G

A

E

G

A

D

B

D

B

F

E#

C

B#

F

E#

C

B#

C

D

E

F

G

B

C

D

E

F

G

B

C

A

A


Enharmonics3
Enharmonics

  • Individual practice

    • Write the name of each note on the line provided

    • Compare the two notes tee see if they are enharmonics

    • If they are enharmonics, highlight them yellow


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