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Авиакомпании, аэропорты, аэродромы PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Авиакомпании, аэропорты, аэродромы. Лектор: Комаристый Евгений Николаевич. О себе. В 1999 году закончил экономический факультет НГУ В 2001 там же магистратуру В 2004 там же аспирантуру В июле 2004 защитил кандидатскую диссертацию В 2009 получил степень МВА в МГУ

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Авиакомпании, аэропорты, аэродромы

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, ,

:


  • 1999

  • 2001

  • 2004

  • 2004

  • 2009


  • 2001 2005

  • 2005 /

  • 2000

  • - S7 ( )

  • , ..


  • 34

  • 16

  • -


  • :

    • ..

    • .. -

    • B. Vasigh, T. Tacker, K. Fleming Introduction to air transport economics: from theory to applications


komaristiy.ru/stud


  • :


If you want to be a millionaire, start with a billion dollars and open an airline. Soon enough you will be a millionaire.

Sir Richard Branson,

Founder,

Virgin Atlantic Airways




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D = f(P, P, Y, H)

D (demand)

P (price)

P -

Y (yield)

H (, .)


D = Q aP

D

P

Q

P = 6 565 17D

D = (6 565 P)/17


?

D = (6 565 6000)/17 = 33

6000 x 33 = 198 .

6000

198

D = (6 565 P)/17

33


?

D = (6 565 4000)/17 = 150

4000 x 150 = 600.

6000

198

D = (6 565 P)/17

4000

600

33

150


?

D = (6 565 2000)/17 = 268

2000 x 268 = 536.

6000

198

D = (6 565 P)/17

4000

600

2000

536

268

33

150


?


?

= PD

  • D = f(P) = (6 565 P)/17

  • = P f(P) = P x (6 565 P)/17

  • = 386P P2/17

  • 386 2P/17 = 0

  • P = (386 x 17)/2 = 3 281 .

  • = 386P P2/17 = 633 . .



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*

  • Fuel Cost perASM

  • Maintenance osts per ASM

  • Crew Costs per ASM

  • Other Operating Costs per ASM

  • Non OperatingCosts per ASM

* Introduction to air transport economics


S7

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(break-even)

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QB.. =

QB.. =

SB.E. =FC/(1-V/P)

V ( )

P ()


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(, .) - $30,28 .

- $180

- $211

: $30,28/(1-180/211)=$206 . (976 . .)


:

(, , , ) - $17 350

- $19

- $211

: $17 350/(1-19/211)=$19 967 (90 ., 70% 319 128 )


102 .

100 .

98 .

2 .

4 .


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, %

DOL =

(), %

S VC

Q(P V)

DOL =

DOL =

S VC FC

Q(P V) FC

V ( )

VC

Q

P ()

S


(), , , (), .

Q(P-V)

Q(P-V)-FC

Q

Q-QB.E.

DOLQ. =

=


120

120-90

DOL120 =

= 4

100

100-90

DOL100 =

= 10




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=

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50 , 10 .

80%, 50%.

1 ? 3 ?

5 ?10?

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: 1

51 , 11 .

80%*50/51 = 78,4%

10 1,6%

11- 78,4% - 10*1,6% = 62,4%

. !


: 2

52 , 12 .

78,4%*51/52 = 76,9%

11 1,5%

76,9% - 11*1,5% = 60,4%

. !


: 2 (2)

52 , 12 .

80%*50/52 = 76,9%

76,9% - 12*(80%*(50/51-51/52))/2 = 60,4%

. !


: N

80%*50/(50+N)

N :

50

(50+N-1)

(50+N-1)

(50+N)

80%*50/(50+N) (10+N)*80%*

/N

, .




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91 97.


2:

  • +

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2:

:

D = 18 000 2P

250 . .

600 . .

100 .

500 .


2:


2:

100 . . 1/10 .

80%, 100 . 8%, .. 88%. 200 . 16%, .. 96%.


2:

= 0,4* + 0,6*

= *2

=

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: 1


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500 500 ( Boeing 747-400) 100 ( Boeing 737-500)?

VC

FC



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OVB

BAX

AER


TC

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TC

VC

FC


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AVC

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ATC

AVC

AFC


...

MC

ATC

AVC

AFC


, (, ..)

.


MC (Marginal Costs )

MR (Marginal Revenue )

MC = + .

MR = .


MR

MR


MC

MR=MC

MR


. , , . .

( ) ( ) .


MCsystem

MCindividual

MR


?

: Q = 18 000 2P

: 18 000 2P = 0

P = 18 000 / 2 = 9 000

P = P = 4 500

Q = 18 000 2*4 500 = 9000


?



:

  • ()


:

MC

AC

MR


:

MC

AC

MR


:

  • (, -, , ..)


MC

AC

MR


?

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70%

80%

90-95%


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MC

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MC

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Y

M

Q

W

, . .

15

10

5

20

7

14

21

150%

75%

100%

50%

, . .

3

5

,

,


:

  • , (no-show, go-show),


Y=50

M=150

W=100

, 300


Y=300

M=150

W=100


Y=300

M=250

W=100


100%


:

  • , (no-show, go-show),


EMSR-

(Expected Marginal Seat Revenue) , n:

EMSRi = fiP(Si)

fi - i- ( )

P(Si) - , i- S


(overbooking)

-

100%

(no-show,

go-show)


(overbooking)

:

  • (no-show, go-show)

  • (-)


:

: ?


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:


:

:

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:




,


,


, . .

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- .

7%

12%

15%



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