CAS and TOK. Helping to develop values. Theory of Knowledge . CAS and TOK. Aims of Theory of Knowledge Course To develop a student fascination with both the richness and diversity of human knowledge. It does this by:
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To develop a student fascination with both the richness and diversity of human knowledge. It does this by:
Encouraging the development of critical thinking and reflection on all the student’s experiences as learners (This includes life experiences as well as the academic disciplines within theIB Diploma).
As a consequence, students are expected to be able to analyse knowledge, question assumptions that this is based on, develop their own hypotheses and possibly develop their solutions. It helps students to clarify their values. To quote the TOK Guide:
“The TOK course…try to help young people make sense of what they encounter.”(TOK guidelines 2006)
The CAS learning process includes the four ways of knowing: sense perception, language, reason and emotions as it begins with experience, goes through the emotions, reaches the cognitive level and is translated into language that can be intelligibly communicated to others.
Students can realize through their own experiences, the nature, the meaning, the scope and limitations of each of the ways of knowing.
In CAS the students have the opportunity to learn how to take a critical step back from their life-experiences, fostering to analyse and evaluate them, to draw conclusions, change perspectives and plan further actions.
“The course encourages students to share ideas with others and to listen to and learn from what others think. In this process students’ thinking and understanding of knowledge as a human construction are shaped, enriched and deepened”(TOK guide 2006)
CAS is a form of ethical education, as it involves applying values to activities students carry out.
It offers students the opportunity of learning by experience, valid alternatives in the construction of their projects.
Critical reflection, the key element of an experiential learning, is in itself an ethical reflection, since it fosters to develop skills to analyze, evaluate, draw conclusions, change perspectives…in life’s long term.