2. Contents. ApproachObjectives
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
1. NATIONAL SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE The Presidency, RSA Policy Coordination & Advisory Services
2. 2 Contents Approach
Objectives & principles of the NSDP – spatial perspective
Explaining spatial inequality
Description of spatial inequalities
SA’s space economy
Findings & Conclusions
3. 3 Approach NSDP prepared by the Presidency’s Policy Unit and endorsed by Cabinet to inform policy co-ordination – numerous studies were undertaken
Annual reports of Government agencies on the NSDP (comments on how their strategies are informed by the NSDP principles, and their comments on the spatial narrative and maps)
Dialogue between spheres, and between departments and institutions within spheres informed by PGDS and IDPs to ensure a top-down bottom-up process of planning for development
4. 4 Strength of spatial perspective… “..the spatial reorganization of a country can induce the release of tremendous physical and mental energies whose practical outcome is certain to give rise to the socio-economic transformation necessary to launch a country on to a path of self-centered, self-reliant and self-sustaining development”.
Akin L Mabogunje
5. 5 Strength of spatial perspective… National spatial guidelines:
Geographic dimension to growth, employment and poverty – policy impact.
Facilitate decisive, coordinated interventions to improve the state's capacity to spend and deliver services.
Puts forward mechanisms aimed at ensuring better alignment i.t.o infrastructure investment and development spending.
Facilitates dialogue and exchange of information and understanding - impacts of policies given different social, economic, spatial, demographic and environmental contexts;
Promotes compatibility of policies with common objectives of government;
Makes the connections between various policies and actions more transparent;
6. 6 NSDP: Confronts two key questions:
To address poverty and the challenge of economic growth and job creation, where should government direct its investment and development initiatives to ensure sustainable and maximum impact?
what kinds of spatial forms and arrangements are more conducive to the achievement of our objectives of democratic nation building and social and economic inclusion?
7. 7 NSDP: Seeks to focus Government’s fixed investment in areas with potential for sustainable development
Suggests that Government’s objectives of promoting growth & alleviating poverty will best be accomplished in areas with potential
8. 8 NSDP: Recommends that in areas with limited potential Government, over & above other initiatives/ programmes, should focus on social investment (HRD, labour market info and social transfers) to give people more sustainable opportunities
9. 9 Spatial Inequality Most countries have extreme spatial inequalities – 50% of US GGP produced in 2% of space
Convergence between developed and undeveloped regions takes a long time – it took the Southern US states 100 years to reach a similar level of economic development as the North
Regions and countries with unequal spatial economies converge at about 2% a year (if at all)
10. 10 Studies show that: Unfocused infrastructure spending doesn’t improve GDP growth
Unfocused human resource development doesn’t improve GDP growth
11. 11 Studies show that: regions which already have some economic success are more likely to grow than other regions – this is because individuals, firms, industries and regions LEARN
successful learning occurs when institutions and incentives work and these institutions are locality specific
12. 12 Categories of Development Potential Innovation and experimentation
Production: High value, differentiated goods
Production: Labour-intensive, mass produced goods
Public services and administration
Retail and Services
13. 13 SA’s space economy The highest volume of poverty occurs in the main metros and some rural areas
Natural resources under increasing pressure from projected development paths
Efficiency and equity supported by spending
Urban ‘insiders’ versus rural ‘outsiders’
Migration and demographic changes will accentuate current differences
14. 14 Key findings & conclusions Economic potential and poverty are mainly found in the same localities
Different forms of potential are in different places
Areas identified by NSDP only involve 20% of magisterial districts but account for 92% of GGP, 81% of all households and 75% of the poor in South Africa
Focusing on people not places therefore addresses Government’s primary objectives of poverty alleviation and promoting sustainable economic growth