Preliminary results on evaluation the calves welfare in raising and fattening farms from Banat regio...
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Cziszter, L.T., Acatin căi , S., Stanciu, G., Tripon, I., G ăvojdian, D., Erina S., Baul, S. PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Preliminary results on evaluation the calves welfare in raising and fattening farms from Banat region in Romania. Cziszter, L.T., Acatin căi , S., Stanciu, G., Tripon, I., G ăvojdian, D., Erina S., Baul, S. Facult y of Animal Science and Biotechnologies Timi şoara , USAMVBT, Romania

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Cziszter, L.T., Acatin căi , S., Stanciu, G., Tripon, I., G ăvojdian, D., Erina S., Baul, S.

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Cziszter l t acatin c i s stanciu g tripon i g vojdian d erina s baul s

Preliminary results on evaluation the calves welfare in raising and fattening farms from Banat region in Romania

Cziszter, L.T., Acatincăi, S., Stanciu, G., Tripon, I., Găvojdian, D., Erina S., Baul, S.

Faculty of Animal Science and Biotechnologies Timişoara, USAMVBT, Romania

300645 Timişoara, Calea Aradului 119, [email protected]


Cziszter l t acatin c i s stanciu g tripon i g vojdian d erina s baul s

Aim

  • Calf welfare assessment based on questionnaire

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Materials and methods

Materials and Methods

  • Calf welfare questionnaire based on

    • Council Directive 91/629/EEC

    • Welfare Animal Act, 2001

    • Romanian legislation

      • ANSVSA Order No. 72/2005 – calves protection

      • ANSVSA Order No. 75/2005 – farm animal protection rules

SDT, Timişoara, Romania

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Materials and methods cont

Materials and Methods cont.

  • Questionnaire with 76 lines

    • 44 minimum standards

    • 32 supplementary requirements

  • Answers YES/NO + remarks

  • Farms:

    • Two rearing and fattening farms

    • One cow-calf operation

    • One dairy farm

  • Evaluation: March, 2008

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Minimum standards

Minimum Standards

  • Neither farm was keeping calves in individual pens after 8 wks of age

    • One fattening farm was using only group pens

  • Individual pens complied with requirements regarding the width, length and perforated walls

  • Appropriate pen dimensions in all farms

    • 1.8 m2/hd up to 150 kg BW

    • 2 m2/hd for 150-220 kg BW

    • 2.2 m2/hd over 220 kg BW

Minnesota, USA

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Minimum standards1

Minimum Standards

Denmark

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Minimum standards2

Minimum Standards

  • Materials used for buildings, pens and equipment:

    • Not harmful for calves

    • Allow mechanical and chemical cleaning

  • Electrical circuits and equipment

    • Built to prevent electrical shock

  • Automatic or mechanical equipment

    • Inspection:

      • 1x/day in one farm

      • 2x/day in 2 farms

      • 1 farm has a qualified employee

    • Procedures to fix troubleshoots in all farms

Vladimirescu, Arad, Romania

Minnesota, USA

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Minimum standards3

Minimum Standards

  • Ventilation system

    • Worked properly in all farms

    • Only one fattening farm hasa heating device

    • No alarming system

  • Lighting

    • Calves were not kept permanently in darkness

    • Artificial lighting system in all farms

    • Allowed calves inspection in any moment

Minnesota, USA

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Cziszter l t acatin c i s stanciu g tripon i g vojdian d erina s baul s

Minnesota, USA

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Minimum standards4

Minimum Standards

  • Calves inspection

    • Twice a day inside the barn

    • Once a day outside the barn

    • Sick/injured calves isolated

  • Housing system allowed calves

    • Lie down

    • Stand up

    • Rest

    • Groom

Iratoş, Arad, Romania

Mureşul, Arad, Romania

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Minimum standards5

Minimum Standards

  • Cleaning and disinfection

    • In 3 farms

      • Buildings, pens, equipment and utensils properly

      • Manure, urine and unconsumed feedstuff evacuated daily

      • Floor plain and not slippery

      • Bedded properly

    • In one fattening farm

      • Last disinfection 2005

      • Wet straw bedding

      • Not clean surfaces

      • Manure evacuated twice a week

Mureşul, Arad, Romania

SDT, Timişoara, Romania

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Cziszter l t acatin c i s stanciu g tripon i g vojdian d erina s baul s

Minnesota, USA

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Minimum standards6

Minimum Standards

  • Tying calves:

    • Not permanently tethered

    • Dairy farm calves tied during milk feeding

      • Measures to avoid strangulation

    • No muzzles for calves

Minnesota, USA

Vladimirescu, Arad, Romania

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Minimum standards7

Minimum Standards

  • Iron supply

    • Alfalfa hay, except 1 fattening farm – poor hay

  • Colostrum

    • First 6 hrs of life

    • 1 fattening farm is collecting animal after the colostral period

  • Milk feeding

    • At least twice daily

    • Cow-calf operation – ad libitum access to mother’s udder

  • Feeding

    • Simultaneous access to feed and clean fresh water

    • Limited feed and water contamination

Igriş, Timiş, Romania

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Supplementary requirements

Minnesota, USA

Supplementary requirements

  • Personnel

    • Trained at least verbally

    • List of duties in 3 farms

  • Documents

    • Properly stored

    • Maintained for at least 3 years

    • Records on treatments and dead animals

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Supplementary requirements1

Supplementary requirements

  • Temperature 12-20°C

  • Relative humidity 65-80%

  • Luminosity 40-80 lux

  • Air drafts and gases not measured

Minnesota, USA

Minnesota, USA

Minnesota, USA

Minnesota, USA

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Basic requirements for keeping animals, pen dimensions, resting area, facilities and equipment maintenance, tethering restrictions, provision of colostrum, milk, and water, as well as inspection were well complied with regulations

  • Provision of clean, dry bedding and access to good quality feed were not well complied with

  • Farms provided good rearing conditions for calves, except one fattening farm where the barn and pen cleanness was improper

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


Cziszter l t acatin c i s stanciu g tripon i g vojdian d erina s baul s

Thank you

Mulţumesc Köszönöm Szépen Teşekkür EderimΕυχαριστώБлагодаря Ти Ďakujem Vám

XXXII. Óvári Tudományos Nap 2008. október 9.


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