The Global Agri-Food System

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The Global Agri-Food System

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1. Chapter 1 The Global Agri-Food System

5. U.S. Agribusiness Leading the World Largest Agribusiness Sector in the World Largest Part of U.S. Economy One of the Best Integrators of Technology Biggest User of Biotechnology Safest Food Lowest Cost Food Largest Assortment of Food 11,000+ New Food Products per Year

7. The Business of Food We consume 350 million tons of food each year – about 6 pounds per person per day Farmers get 20 cents of each food dollar Consumers spend 10.4% disposable income on food ~ 6.2% for food at home ~ 4.2% for food away from home Each farm worker produces enough food for 103 people – 75 in U.S. and 28 abroad Number of farm workers is greater than the combined total of workers in the auto, steel, and transportation industries

8. Dollar Value of Agri-Food Output by Industry

9. U.S. Agri-Food Employment

10. U.S. Agribusiness 47% of the world’s soybeans 42% of the world’s corn 28% of the world’s cheese 19% of the world’s milk 16% of the world’s cotton 12% of the world’s wheat

11. Farm Productivity and People Fed/Farm Worker

12. Percent of Disposable Income Spent on Food over Time

13. Percent of Income Spent on Food by Country Table 10-1 from Paarlberg/Paarlberg, pg 118. Their source: UN Statistical Division, 1992, Handbook of the International Comparison Programme, Series F, No. 62. NY: UN.Table 10-1 from Paarlberg/Paarlberg, pg 118. Their source: UN Statistical Division, 1992, Handbook of the International Comparison Programme, Series F, No. 62. NY: UN.

14. People Buy Food for a Hierarchy of Reasons Source: Jean Kinsey, IAMA, 2000Source: Jean Kinsey, IAMA, 2000

15. Agribusiness Management: The Integrator of the Disciplines “Science remains in the laboratory unless there is incentive to adopt the knowledge. This is the difference between science and technology. {Agribusiness Management} is the integrator.” Source: The Agricultural Revolution of the 20th Century, Paarlberg and Paarlberg, p. 59.

16. The Agricultural Revolution of the Twentieth Century – I “If a farmer from Old Testament times could have visited an American farm in year 1900, he would have recognized—and had the skill to use—most of the tools he saw: the hoe, the plow, the harrow the rake. If he were to visit an American farm today, he might think he was on a different planet.” Source: Paarlberg and Paarlberg, p. xiii.

17. The Agricultural Revolution of the Twentieth Century – II “The changes that occurred in American agriculture during the 20th century exceed in magnitude all the changes that occurred during the 10,000 years since human beings first converted themselves from hunters and gatherers to herdsmen and cultivators.” Source: Paarlberg and Paarlberg, p. xiii.

20. Farm Productivity

21. Farm Inputs

22. Hours of Farm Work Per Acre Planted

23. Crop and Animal Yields

24. The Production Sector

25. Net Farm Income

26. Number of Farms and Dollar Sales by Annual Sales

28. U.S. Agriculture in World Trade

29. Impact of Agricultural Exports

30. Agricultural Exports in 1975

31. Agricultural Exports in 1998

32. Trading Partners – 1975

33. Trading Partners – 1998

34. The Commodity Processing- Food Manufacturing Sector Transforming Commodities to Food Products

35. What a Dollar of Food Pays For

37. The Trends Farming to Food Factories Fewer but larger facilities Fewer but better educated employees A high tech business

38. Discussion Questions List and briefly describe the six parts of the global agri-food system. Define and describe each word in the term agri-food system. Why was agriculture a prime market for the adoption of production-enhancing and labor-saving devices during the industrial revolution? How have Americans’ perceptions of food changed in recent years? What does this mean for firms in the agri-food system? What is the difference between science and technology? What is the role of business management in the success of the agri-food system?

39. Discussion Questions Identify the three major sectors of the agri-food system. Describe the evolution of agriculture into the agri-food system. Describe the role of export markets and how they have changed in the past 25 years. Describe the production sector’s environmental record. Describe what you see as the future of the agri-food system in meeting the food needs of the world’s population and as a place to work. Explain why you are optimistic or pessimistic about the agri-food system’s ability to produce enough food to feed a hungry world. What are the biggest challenges it will face in achieving this crucial goal?

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