Spelling rules
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 21

Spelling Rules PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 151 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Spelling Rules. Adding –s, - es , - ing and - ed. Vowels: a, e, i , o, u Consonants: all other letters. Vowels and Consonants. 1. For most third-person singular (he, she, it) verbs and for plural nouns, add –s to the simple form : Verb: swim  swims Noun: lake lakes.

Download Presentation

Spelling Rules

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Spelling rules

Spelling Rules

Adding –s, -es, -ing and -ed


Vowels and consonants

  • Vowels: a, e, i, o, u

  • Consonants: all other letters

Vowels and Consonants


Spelling of verbs and nouns in s and es

  • 1. For most third-person singular (he, she, it) verbs and for plural nouns, add –s to the simple form:

    • Verb: swim

      • swims

    • Noun: lake

      • lakes

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


Spelling of verbs and nouns in s and es1

  • 2. If the simple form ends with the letters s, z, sh, ch, or x, add–es.

    • Verb: miss

      • misses

    • Noun: box

      • boxes

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


Spelling of verbs and nouns in s and es2

  • 3. If the simple form ends with a consonant + y, change y to I and add –es:

    • Verb: try

      • tries

    • Noun: baby

      • babies

  • Vowel + Y, add -s: toytoys

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


Spelling of verbs and nouns in s and es3

  • 4. If the simple form ends with a consonant + o, add –s or –es. Some words take –s:

    • autoautos

    • photophotos

    • pianopianos

    • solosolos

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


Spelling of verbs and nouns in s and es4

  • 4. If the simple form ends with a consonant + o, add –s or –es. Some words take –es:

    • dodoes

    • echoechoes

    • gogoes

    • heroheroes

    • potatopotatoes

    • tomatotomatoes

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


Spelling of verbs and nouns in s and es5

  • 4. If the simple form ends with a consonant + o, add –s or –es. Some words take both –s or –es:

    • tornado tornados or tornadoes

    • volcano volcanos or volcanoes

    • zero zeros or zeroes

  • Vowel + o: radioradios, zoozoos

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


Spelling of verbs and nouns in s and es6

  • 5. If the simple form ends in a single f or fe, change the f or fe to v and add-es.

    • knife

      • knives

    • shelf

      • shelves

  • Exceptions: beliefbeliefs, chiefchiefs, roofroofs, hoofhooves, scarfscarfs or scarves

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


Spelling of verbs ending in ing

  • 1. For most verbs, add –ing to the simple form of the verb.

    • sleep

      • sleeping

    • talk

      • talking

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ing


Spelling of verbs ending in ing1

  • 2. If the simple form ends in a single e, drop the e and add –ing.

    • live

      • living

    • write

      • writing

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ing


Spelling of verbs ending in ing2

  • 3. If the simple form ends in ie, change the ie to y and add –ing.

    • die

      • dying

    • lie

      • lying

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ing


Spelling of verbs ending in ing3

  • 4. If the simple form of a one-syllable verbends in a single vowel + consonant, double the final consonant and add –ing.

    • hit

      • hitting

    • stop

      • stopping

  • Compare to two vowels + consonant: eatingeating

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ing


Spelling of verbs ending in ing4

  • 5. If the simple form of a verb with two or more syllables ends in a single vowel + consonant, double the final consonant if the stress is on the final syllable. Do not double the final consonant if the stress is not on the final syllable:

    • admit

      • admitting

    • begin

      • beginning

    • develop

      • developing

    • listen

      • listening

  • NOTE: the final l is always doubled in British English, but not in American English.

    traveltravelling or traveling

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ing


Spelling of verbs ending in ing5

  • 6. Do not double the final consonants x, w, and y:

    • fix

      • fixing

    • obey

      • obeying

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ing


Spelling of verbs ending in ed

  • 1. To form the simple past and V3 of most regular verbs, add –ed to the simple form.

    • brush

      • brushed

    • play

      • played

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ed


Spelling of verbs ending in ed1

  • 2. If the simple form ends with –e, just add d.

    • race

      • raced

    • trade

      • traded

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ed


Spelling of verbs ending in ed2

  • 3. If the simple form ends with a consonant + y, change the y to I and add -ed.

    • bury

      • buried

    • dry

      • dried

  • Compare with vowel + y: play/played, enjoy/enjoyed

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ed


Spelling of verbs ending in ed3

  • 4. If the simple form of a one-syllable verb ends with a single vowel + consonant, double the final consonant and add -ed.

    • plan

      • planned

    • shop

      • shopped

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ed


Spelling of verbs ending in ed4

  • 5. If the simple form of a verb with two or more syllables ends in a single vowel + consonant, double the final consonant and add –ed only when the stress is on the final syllable. Do not double the final consonant if the stress is not on the final syllable.

    • prefer

      • preferred

    • enter

      • entered

  • The final l is always doubled in British English, but not in American English:

    • travel travel or travelled

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ed


Spelling of verbs ending in ed5

  • 6. Do not double the final consonants x, w and y.

    • coax

      • coaxed

    • snow

      • snowed

    • stay

      • stayed

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ed


  • Login