Spelling rules
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 21

Spelling Rules PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 162 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Spelling Rules. Adding –s, - es , - ing and - ed. Vowels: a, e, i , o, u Consonants: all other letters. Vowels and Consonants. 1. For most third-person singular (he, she, it) verbs and for plural nouns, add –s to the simple form : Verb: swim  swims Noun: lake lakes.

Download Presentation

Spelling Rules

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Spelling Rules

Adding –s, -es, -ing and -ed


  • Vowels: a, e, i, o, u

  • Consonants: all other letters

Vowels and Consonants


  • 1. For most third-person singular (he, she, it) verbs and for plural nouns, add –s to the simple form:

    • Verb: swim

      • swims

    • Noun: lake

      • lakes

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


  • 2. If the simple form ends with the letters s, z, sh, ch, or x, add–es.

    • Verb: miss

      • misses

    • Noun: box

      • boxes

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


  • 3. If the simple form ends with a consonant + y, change y to I and add –es:

    • Verb: try

      • tries

    • Noun: baby

      • babies

  • Vowel + Y, add -s: toytoys

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


  • 4. If the simple form ends with a consonant + o, add –s or –es. Some words take –s:

    • autoautos

    • photophotos

    • pianopianos

    • solosolos

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


  • 4. If the simple form ends with a consonant + o, add –s or –es. Some words take –es:

    • dodoes

    • echoechoes

    • gogoes

    • heroheroes

    • potatopotatoes

    • tomatotomatoes

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


  • 4. If the simple form ends with a consonant + o, add –s or –es. Some words take both –s or –es:

    • tornado tornados or tornadoes

    • volcano volcanos or volcanoes

    • zero zeros or zeroes

  • Vowel + o: radioradios, zoozoos

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


  • 5. If the simple form ends in a single f or fe, change the f or fe to v and add-es.

    • knife

      • knives

    • shelf

      • shelves

  • Exceptions: beliefbeliefs, chiefchiefs, roofroofs, hoofhooves, scarfscarfs or scarves

Spelling of Verbs and Nounsin –s and -es


  • 1. For most verbs, add –ing to the simple form of the verb.

    • sleep

      • sleeping

    • talk

      • talking

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ing


  • 2. If the simple form ends in a single e, drop the e and add –ing.

    • live

      • living

    • write

      • writing

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ing


  • 3. If the simple form ends in ie, change the ie to y and add –ing.

    • die

      • dying

    • lie

      • lying

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ing


  • 4. If the simple form of a one-syllable verbends in a single vowel + consonant, double the final consonant and add –ing.

    • hit

      • hitting

    • stop

      • stopping

  • Compare to two vowels + consonant: eatingeating

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ing


  • 5. If the simple form of a verb with two or more syllables ends in a single vowel + consonant, double the final consonant if the stress is on the final syllable. Do not double the final consonant if the stress is not on the final syllable:

    • admit

      • admitting

    • begin

      • beginning

    • develop

      • developing

    • listen

      • listening

  • NOTE: the final l is always doubled in British English, but not in American English.

    traveltravelling or traveling

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ing


  • 6. Do not double the final consonants x, w, and y:

    • fix

      • fixing

    • obey

      • obeying

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ing


  • 1. To form the simple past and V3 of most regular verbs, add –ed to the simple form.

    • brush

      • brushed

    • play

      • played

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ed


  • 2. If the simple form ends with –e, just add d.

    • race

      • raced

    • trade

      • traded

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ed


  • 3. If the simple form ends with a consonant + y, change the y to I and add -ed.

    • bury

      • buried

    • dry

      • dried

  • Compare with vowel + y: play/played, enjoy/enjoyed

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ed


  • 4. If the simple form of a one-syllable verb ends with a single vowel + consonant, double the final consonant and add -ed.

    • plan

      • planned

    • shop

      • shopped

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ed


  • 5. If the simple form of a verb with two or more syllables ends in a single vowel + consonant, double the final consonant and add –ed only when the stress is on the final syllable. Do not double the final consonant if the stress is not on the final syllable.

    • prefer

      • preferred

    • enter

      • entered

  • The final l is always doubled in British English, but not in American English:

    • travel travel or travelled

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ed


  • 6. Do not double the final consonants x, w and y.

    • coax

      • coaxed

    • snow

      • snowed

    • stay

      • stayed

Spelling of Verbs ending in -ed


  • Login