Impact of natural hazards in some key cities in the philippines
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Impact of Natural Hazards in Some Key Cities in the Philippines PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Impact of Natural Hazards in Some Key Cities in the Philippines. Session 1. Safe Cities Module 2: Philippines Application. Background. The Philippine archipelago has a total land area of 115,800 square kilometers It has 115 cities and 1,496 municipalities

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Impact of Natural Hazards in Some Key Cities in the Philippines

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Impact of natural hazards in some key cities in the philippines

Impact of Natural Hazards in Some Key Cities in the Philippines

Session 1

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application


Background

Background

  • The Philippine archipelago has a total land area of 115,800 square kilometers

  • It has 115 cities and 1,496 municipalities

  • Metro Manila is the seat of Philippine Government and is composed of 15 cities

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application


Hazards

Hazards

  • An average of 22 typhoons enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility each year, and 5 of which may be destructive

  • About 5 earthquakes a day are felt in the country. That is about 1,825 quakes a year!

  • From 1999 to 2003, 39 weather disturbances were experienced by the country

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application


Camanava

CAMANAVA

  • CAMANAVA stands for Caloocan City, Malabon City, Navotas City and Valenzuela City

  • These areas are high prone to flooding and flashfloods due to its topographical location and rapid urbanization

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application


Marikina city

Marikina City

  • Marikina City is located along the valley in eastern Metro Manila. It is composed of 14 barangays, 12 of which lie along the Marikina River.

  • Marikina River is a tributary of the Pasig River

  • Marikina City’s population is approximately 480,000 to 500,000

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application


Baguio city

Baguio City

  • Baguio City is located at the Cordillera Autonomous Region (CAR). It is prone to soil erosions, landslides and earthquakes.

  • 16 July 1990 Earthquake in Baguio City

    • 401 dead

    • 1,103 injured

    • 223 missing

    • 3,668 families rendered homeless

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application


Other key cities prone to natural hazards

Other Key Cities Prone to Natural Hazards

  • Ormoc City (Region VIII)

    • Flooding and Flashfloods

  • Dagupan City (Region I)

    • Flooding

  • Cabanatuan City (Region III)

    • Liquefaction

  • Butuan City (CARAGA)

    • Flooding

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application


Urban growth

Urban Growth

  • Urban Growth has aggravated the effects of natural hazards in previous years

  • Metro Manila’s population is about 10.5 million

  • Population Annual Growth Rate

    • City of Manila is 3.6%

    • Quezon City is 4%

    • Caloocan City is 3.5%

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application


Rapid urbanization

Rapid Urbanization

  • Rural – urban migrants has boosted the percentage of squatters in Metro Manila. In 1980, National Housing Authority reported that one out of four Metro Manila resident is a squatter.

  • Rapid urban growth paved way for these informal settlers to build houses along the river banks and coastal areas.

  • Rapid Urbanization has tremendously aggravated the effects of natural hazards

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application


Payatas dump site tragedy

Payatas Dump Site Tragedy

  • This tragedy is dubbed as “trashslide” or “garbalanche” and happened only in the Philippines.

  • This is a concrete picture of the hazard incurred due to urban migrants.

  • This tragedy resulted to 224 deaths and 38 missing persons.

Safe Cities

Module 2: Philippines Application


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