DEFORMATION OF LONG-LENGTH EXPLOCLAD SHEETS: MATHEMATICAL MODELING
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А. Yu. Muizemnek, I. V. Denisov, О. L. Pervukhina, А. Е. Rosen, I. S. Los’ and Yu. A. Gordopolov PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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DEFORMATION OF LONG-LENGTH EXPLOCLAD SHEETS: MATHEMATICAL MODELING. А. Yu. Muizemnek, I. V. Denisov, О. L. Pervukhina, А. Е. Rosen, I. S. Los’ and Yu. A. Gordopolov. 2. Object :

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А. Yu. Muizemnek, I. V. Denisov, О. L. Pervukhina, А. Е. Rosen, I. S. Los’ and Yu. A. Gordopolov

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Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

DEFORMATION OF LONG-LENGTH EXPLOCLAD SHEETS: MATHEMATICAL MODELING

А. Yu. Muizemnek, I. V. Denisov, О. L. Pervukhina, А. Е. Rosen, I. S. Los’ and Yu. A. Gordopolov


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

2

Object:

Experimentally-theoretical research of longitudinal deformations of making layers of a multilayer material at explosion welding

Research Technique

1. Computer simulation of deformation process of large-size sheets at explosion welding by means of LS-DYNA.

2. Experimental research of large-size sheets deformation by means of fixedpoints method.

3. Analysis of computer simulation and experimental results.


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

3

Explosion welding scheme

1 – clad plate ; 2 – base plate ; 3 – air technological gap ; 4 - sand background

PHYSICOMECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS

Steel plate:

– Density ρ = 7800 kg/m3;

– Young modulus E = 192 GPa;

– Yield strengthσт = 350 MPa;

– ultimate strengthσв = 500 MPa;

– unit elongationδ = 21%;

– coefficient of thermal expansionα = 11,4 ºС-1 (100ºС).

Explosive

- apparent densityρВВ = 740 kg/m3

- velocity of detonation D = 2100 m/s.

Sand

- apparent densityρпес = 2800 kg/m3

- compression strengthσсж = 140 MPa

Initial data


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

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  • Mathematical simulation by means of LS-DYNA software for the following situations :

  • Porous background, dissimilar metals (steel+stainless steel) under the assumption that both plates material behaves as a solid body, technological gap between clad and base plates.

  • Porous background, dissimilar metals, under the assumption that a clad material behaves as a liquid, a base material behaves as a solid body, technological gap between clad and base plates.


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

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The description of used finite-element mesh

– Quantity of elements ~1000000 ;

– Quantity of units ~2000000 ;

– The maximal size of an element – 0.5 mm.

Finite-element mesh

Used models of materials and state equations.

Explosive:

– material model - #9 (Wilkins-Geyrouch);

– state equation - # 2 (JWL).

Metalplate :

– material model - #15 (Johnson – Cook);

– state equation - # 4 (Mi – Gruneisen);

Sand background :

– zero-material - #9;

– state equationof porous material - # 8.

Technological gap :

– vacuum model - #140.


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

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The first variant of calculation

Porous background, dissimilar metals under the assumption that both plates material behaves as a solid body, technological gap between clad and base plates.

a

b

Distribution of material density in calculation area at t = 3 ms:

a – the beginning cladprocess; b – the terminationcladprocess

It is established that the left butt of clad and base plates is extended by 16,1 mm and 29 mm. The right butt of clad and base plates is extended by 71 mm and 61,3 mm accordingly.


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

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The second variant of calculation

Porous background, dissimilar metals, under the assumption that a clad material behaves as a liquid (base material behaves as a solid body), technological gap between clad and base plates

a

b

Distribution of material density in calculation area at t = 3 ms

a – the beginning cladprocess; b – the terminationcladprocess

It is established that clad plate isn’t extended and base plate is extended by 35 mm.


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

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clad plate

base plate

1

2

t = 1000 μs

t = 1500 μs

t = 2000 μs

Change of pressure longitudinal along sheets


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

9

clad plate

base plate

1

2

t = 2500 μs

t = 2750 μs

t = 3000 μs

Change of longitudinal stress along the sheets


The scheme of sheet deformation revealing after explosion welding

10

The scheme of sheet deformation revealing after explosion welding

Before explosion welding

Matching clad and base plates

The beginning of initiation

clad plate

base plate

Labels

After explosion welding

Places ofmatching clad and base plates

clad plate

The beginning of initiation

base plate

Labels


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

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Results of experiments

After explosion welding

Before explosion welding

Matching clad and base plates

The top view


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

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The generalized results of explosion welding simulation


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

Conclusions:

1. On the deformation behavior and change of geometric sizes of clad and base sheet influence the next parameters:

– the initial geometric size of plates;

– characteristics of physical-mechanical properties of welded plates materials and explosive.

2. The residual elongation of plates occurs nonuniformly from 80% of sheet length. The maximal residual deformation is near the opposite butt from the initiation point.

3. Calculation and experimental results showed that the clad sheet behaves as a viscous liquid and the base sheet behaves as a metal in solid state.

4. Tensile deformation of base sheet due to the impact of clad sheet goes ahead of the contact point along the full thickness to the joint formation.Consequently explosion welding at the end areas goes along the moving surface of base sheet.


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

Анимация 2. Движение материала в расчётной области

(Начало процесса сварки)


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

Анимация 3. Движение материала в расчётной области

(окончание процесса сварки)


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

Для описания поведения материалов листов была использована модель Джонсона-Кука со следующими значениями параметров модели:

$

*MAT_JOHNSON_COOK

$---+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7----+----8

$ mid ro g e pr dtf vp

4 7.8 0.808 2.03 0.300 0.0 0.0

$---+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7----+----8

$ A B n c m tm tr epso

350.25E-5 275.0E-5 0.36 0.022 1.0 1400.0 30.0 1.0e-5

$---+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7----+----8

$ cp pc SPALL IT D1 D2 D3 D4

477.0E-8 0.0 0.0 1.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

$---+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7----+----8

$ D5

0.0

$

*EOS_LINEAR_POLYNOMIAL

$---+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7----+----8

$ eosid c0 c1 c2 c3 c4 c5 c6

4 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

$---+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7----+----8

$ e0 v0

0.0000000 1.0

$

MID – идентификатор материала в виде уникального номера; RO – массовая плотность; G – модуль сдвига; SIGY – предел текучести; PC – предельное давление при растяжении; SPALL – тип разрушения; EPS – эффективная пластическая деформация; ES – эффективное напряжение; EOSID – метка уравнения состояния; Е0 – начальная внутренняя энергия; V0 – начальный относительный объем.


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

Для описания поведения ВВ была использована модель MAT_HIGH_EXPLOSIVE_BURN и уравнение состояния JWL со следующими значениями параметров модели:

$

*MAT_HIGH_EXPLOSIVE_BURN

$---+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7----+----8

$ mid ro D PCJ BETA K G SIGY

5 0.740 0.2100 0.01360 0.0000000 0.0000000 0.0000000 0.0000000

$

*EOS_JWL

$---+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7----+----8

$ eosid a b r1 r2 omeg e0 v0

5 0.06142 0.01352 5.4 1.4 0.25 0.00673 1.0

$

MID – идентификатор материала в виде уникального числа; RO – массовая плотность; D – скорость детонации; PCJ – давление Чэпмена-Жуге; EOSID – метка уровня состояния; V0 – начальный относительный объем.


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

Для описания поведения песка была использована модель MAT_NULL для пористого материала со следующими значениями параметров:

$

*MAT_NULL

$---+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7----+----8

$ mid ro pc mu terod cerod ym pr

6 2.5 0.00 0.0e+3 1.0e-5 0.00

$

*EOS_TABULATED_COMPACTION

$---+----1----+----2----+----3----+----4----+----5----+----6----+----7----+----8

$ eosid gama e0 v0

6 0.0 0.0 1.0

$------+-------1-------+-------2-------+-------3-------+-------4-------+-------5

$ ev1 ev2 ev3 ev4 ev5

0.0 -0.04 -0.08 -0.12 -0.16

$ ev6 ev7 ev8 ev9 ev10

-0.20 -0.24 -0.28 -0.32 -0.36

$ c1 c2 c3 c4 c5

0.8e-11 0.8e-4 2.4e-4 5.6e-4 12.0e-4

$ c6 c7 c8 c9 c10

24.8e-4 50.5e-4 101.6e-4 204.0e-4 409.0e-4

$ t1 t2 t3 t4 t5

0.0e+6 0.0e+6 0.0e+6 0.0e+6 0.0e+6

$ t6 t7 t8 t9 t10

0.0e+6 0.0e+6 0.0e+6 0.0e+6 0.0e+6

$ k1 k2 k3 k4 k5

40.0e-4 40.0e-4 80.0e-4 160.0e-4 320.0e-4

$ k6 k7 k8 k9 k10

640.0e-4 1280.0e-4 2560.0e-4 5120.0e-4 10240.0e-4

$

MID – идентификатор материала в виде уникального номера; RO – массовая плотность; PC – предельное давление при растяжении; MU – коэффициент вязкости; TEROD – относительный объем для разрушения при растяжении; GEROD – относительный объем для разрушения при сжатии; YM – модуль Юнга (используется только для нулевых балочных и оболочечных элементов); PR – коэффициент Пуассона (используется только для нулевых балочных и оболочечных элементов).


Yu muizemnek i v denisov l pervukhina rosen i s los and yu a gordopolov

Выражение Джонсона (Johnson) и Кука (Cook) для напряжения текучести

Уравнение состояния JWL задает давление в виде


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