Mainstreaming Migration, Development and Remittances at the Country Level. H.E. Mr. Libran N. Cabactulan Permanent Representative of the Philippines to the UN. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS.
Mainstreaming Migration, Development and Remittances at the Country Level
H.E. Mr. Libran N. Cabactulan
of the Philippines to the UN
Definition of ‘migrant’ covers permanent, temporary (voluntary) & refugees (involuntary). Also ‘documented’ or ‘undocumented’, as well as, ‘internal’ or ‘international’.
For many countries, the term may be associated with local realities – developing countries refer to ‘migrant workers’; developed countries may look at those coming in to settle permanently.
According to the UNDP Human Development Report 2009, there are many misconceptions about migrants – in fact, most migration is internal, also most international migration occurs within countries of same level of development.
For the Philippines, migration primarily refers to movement outside its borders.
Around 10% of RP population of 90 million are abroad either on a permanent or temporary basis, found in almost 200 countries and territories and on the high seas.
Top 5 country in annual net out-migration
One of the top 10 migration corridors (RP-US)
the Rights of all Migrant Workers & Members of their Families
RP is in Top 10 recipients of migrant remittances (no. 4), and in top 20 of % of remittances to GDP. (WB 2009)
Remittances are greater than ODA and FDI.
Remittances continue to increase through the economic & financial crisis.
Efforts are exerted to channel remittances to domestic investments (business and real estate) rather than to pure consumption.