G nero n mero y art culos
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Género, número y artículos. Gender, number & articles. I. Género. In Spanish, all nouns carry gender, either masculine (M) or feminine (F). In order to tell whether a noun is M or F look at the ending for a clue.

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Género, número y artículos

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G nero n mero y art culos

Género, número y artículos

Gender, number & articles


I g nero

I. Género

  • In Spanish, all nouns carry gender, either masculine (M) or feminine (F).

  • In order to tell whether a noun is M or F look at the ending for a clue.

  • Except for some irregular exceptions, the ending will automatically distinguish the noun as M or F.


Masculino

Masculino

  • Words that end in following letters or letter groups are generallymasculino (M).

    ** Be careful, I think many words do not follow this rule!


Femenina

Femenina

  • Words that end in following letters or letter groups are generallyfemenina (F).

    **Be careful, remember -pa, -ta & -ma!


G nero n mero y art culos

** Remember, these are general guidelines. There are some exceptions that do not follow these patterns.


Ejemplos

Are the following M or F?

universidad

F

biblioteca

F

colegio

M

programa

M

Ejemplos


Ii n mero

II. Número

  • Number refers to whether a noun is singular or plural.

  • You make a noun plural by adding an –s or –es to the end of the noun.

  • In some cases, other orthographic changes may be necessary.


To make nouns plural do the following

To make nouns plural, do the following:

  • if the word ends in a vowel, simply add

    “-s” to make it plural

    Ex: alumno  alumnos


To make nouns plural do the following1

To make nouns plural, do the following:

B. if the word ends in a consonant, add “-es”

Ex: universidad  universidades


To make nouns plural do the following2

To make nouns plural, do the following:

C. if the word ends in “–z”, the plural changes to “-ces”

Ex: lápiz  lápices


To make nouns plural do the following3

To make nouns plural, do the following:

D. if the word ends in “–ión”, add “-es” and remove the written accent mark

Ex: nación  naciones


Examples

colegio

colegios

papel

papeles

actriz

actrices

reunión

reuniones

Examples


Iii art culos

III. Artículos

  • There are 2 types of articles in Spanish & English

  • Definite articles

  • Indefinite articles


Art culos definidos

Artículos definidos

  • What is the function of a definite article?

    A definite article refers to something specific

  • What is a definite article in English?

    the


Ejemplo

Ejemplo

Ex: the specific boy rather than any boy.

The boy with the red shirt on

v.

A boy with a red shirt (any boy in general)


Art culos definidos1

Artículos definidos

  • What are they in Spanish? ** concordancia


Art culos indefinidos

Artículos indefinidos

  • What is the function of an indefinite article?

    An indefinite article refers to something in general

  • What is an indefinite article in English?

    a, an, some


Ejemplo1

Ejemplo

Ex: any boy rather than a specific boy.

A boy with a red shirt (any boy in general)

v.

The (specific) boy with the red shirt on


Art culos indefinidos1

Artículos indefinidos

  • What are they in Spanish? ** concordancia


Concordancia

Concordancia

concordancia = agreement

** The article that accompanies the noun must agree in gender AND number with that noun.


Ejemplos1

Artículos definidos

libro

el

muchachas

las

nación

la

Artículos indefinidos

libro

un

muchachas

unas

nación

una

Ejemplos


Adjetivos

Adjetivos

Like articles, adjectives have to agree in gender AND number with the noun they describe


Ejemplos2

Ejemplos


N mero

Número

Adjectives follow the same rules as nouns when making them plural

  • if the word ends in a vowel, simply add “-s” to make it plural

  • if the word ends in a consonant, add “-es”

  • if the word ends in “–z”, the plural changes to “-ces”

  • if the word ends in “–ión”, add “-es” and remove the written accent mark **


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