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When you are done…. Write a well developed paragraph describing why World War One began. (use Ch. 26.1). 1914-1918: The World at War. By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY. Warm Up. Use your textbook to describe the four MAIN causes of World War one.

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When you are done

When you are done…

Write a well developed paragraph describing why World War One began. (use Ch. 26.1)


1914 1918 the world at war

1914-1918:The Worldat War

By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H. S.Chappaqua, NY


Warm up
Warm Up

Use your textbook to describe the four MAIN causes of World War one.

What was the “spark” that started the war?


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WWI”

Chapter 26.1-2,4


I causes of the war
I. Causes of the War

  • Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism


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Militarism & Arms Race

Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s.



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Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914

The“Powder Keg”of Europe


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  • The “Spark”

    • Assassination

      • Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir of A-H, was visiting Bosnia




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GavriloPrincip


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  • July Crisis

    • A-H issues impossible demands to Serbia

    • Germany gives A-H a “blank check”- help them if war comes

    • Russia mobilized military to defend Serbia

  • France, Germany, GB mobilize- alliances



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  • Alliance System

    • Triple Alliance (Central Powers)

      • Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy

      • Later: Ottoman Empire

    • Triple Entente (Allied Powers)

      • Great Britain, France, Russia

      • Later: Italy, United States


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The Alliance System

Triple Entente:

Triple Alliance:

Germany

Great Britain

France

Austria-Hungary

Russia

Italy


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Two Armed Camps!

Allied Powers:

Central Powers:



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The Major Players: 1914-17

Allied Powers:

Central Powers:

Nicholas II [Rus]

Wilhelm II [Ger]

George V [Br]

Victor Emmanuel II [It]

Enver Pasha[Turkey]

Pres. Poincare [Fr]

Franz Josef [A-H]


As you look at these cartoons write
As you look at these cartoons, write:

How do you think early soldiers felt about going to war?

What do you think they thought about their enemies?

How do you think their feelings will change once they start fighting?




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Recruits of the Central Powers

A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother

Austro-Hungarians






Posters wartime propaganda

Posters:WartimePropaganda





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German Poster

Think of Your Children!


As you look at these cartoons write1
As you look at these cartoons, write:

How do you think early soldiers felt about going to war?

What do you think they thought about their enemies?

How do you think their feelings changed once they started fighting?


Warm up1
Warm Up

  • Why does was WWI so significant? What were important outcomes of the war?


Warm up poems
Warm Up Poems

  • What is the poem about?

  • What sort of imagery is in it?

  • Describe the poets thoughts and feelings.



Ii the western front
II. The Western Front

  • Schlieffen Plan- German War Plan

    • First, take Paris quickly- France surrender

    • Second, attack Russia


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Germany pushed into France but failed to take Paris

Allies pushed Germans back, Germans dug trenches


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Trench warfare- fighting from trenches with very little movement back and forth


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Trench Warfare

“No Man’s Land”


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Verdun – February, 1916

  • German offensive.

  • Each side had over 300,000 casualties.


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The Somme – July, 1916

  • 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day.

  • Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.


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War IsHELL !!




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FlameThrowers

GrenadeLaunchers


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Turned into a war of attrition- goal is not to defeat the enemy, just wear them down

Total war- all of a nation’s resources are used for war





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The Flying Aces of World War I Airplanes, Tanks

FrancescoBarraco, It.

Eddie “Mick”Mannoch, Br.

Eddie Rickenbacher, US

Manfred vonRichtoffen, Ger.[The “RedBaron”]

Rene PaukFonck, Fr.

Willy Coppens deHolthust, Belg.


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The Zeppelin Airplanes, Tanks


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British Tank at Ypres Airplanes, Tanks


Conclusion
Conclusion Airplanes, Tanks

  • Tell your partner three ways this war was different from all wars that came before.


Warm up2
Warm Up Airplanes, Tanks

  • Where was most of the fighting in WWI? Why is it called a world war?

  • How did the Allied powers win?

  • What was one consequence of the war?


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II. Other Fronts Airplanes, Tanks

  • Submarines- German u-boats attacked British shipping



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Fighting in Africa imperialism, fighting all over the world

Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen[German E. Africa]

British Sikh Mountain Gunners


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Fighting in Africa imperialism, fighting all over the world

3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade


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Fighting in Salonika, Greece imperialism, fighting all over the world

French colonial marine infantry fromCochin, China - 1916


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A Young Australian Recruit imperialism, fighting all over the world


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The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915 imperialism, fighting all over the world


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A Multi-Front War imperialism, fighting all over the world


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The Tsar with General Brusilov


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  • Armenian Genocide imperialism, fighting all over the world- Armenian minority was removed from Ottoman Empire- 600,000 died


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Turkish Genocide Against Armenians imperialism, fighting all over the world


Iv end of war
IV. End of War imperialism, fighting all over the world

  • America Joins the War

    • America was neutral but sold munitions to the Allied powers

    • German U-boats sank boats with Americans including The Lusitania


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  • Zimmerman Telegram imperialism, fighting all over the world- Germans offered part of US to Mexico if it attacked the US

  • America joined the Allies in 1917


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The Yanks imperialism, fighting all over the worldAre Coming!


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Americans in the Trenches imperialism, fighting all over the world


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C. new offensive on the Western frontArmistice(truce) was signed Nov. 11, 1918


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9,000,000 Soldiers new offensive on the Western frontDead


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The Somme American Cemetery, France new offensive on the Western front

116,516 Americans Died


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World War I Casualties new offensive on the Western front


V peace
V. Peace… new offensive on the Western front

  • Differing Viewpoints

    • US: Wilson’s Fourteen Points- creation of int’l organization

    • France: severely punish Germany!

    • Italy: wanted land but ignored


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  • Versailles Treaty new offensive on the Western front (1919)

    • Germany given full responsibility of war, punished, de-armed

    • A-H and Ottoman empires dismantled


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  • League new offensive on the Western front of Nations

    • Int’l peace organization

    • No enforcement power

    • US, Germany not members!


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  • Other results new offensive on the Western front

    • Spanish Influenza- disease spread from returning soldiers, ~50 million died

    • Economic chaos and political unrest

    • Independence movement in colonies


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