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Housing for People with Mental Illness Presentation to NAMI Convention. Andrew Sperling Ann O’Hara David Miller June 19, 2005. Housing Needs and Housing Affordability. Priced Out in 2003-2004. New Priced Out in 2003-2004 to be published in June 2005

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Housing for People with Mental Illness Presentation to NAMI Convention

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Housing for People with Mental IllnessPresentation to NAMI Convention

Andrew Sperling

Ann O’Hara

David Miller

June 19, 2005


Housing Needs

and

Housing Affordability


Priced Out in 2003-2004

  • New Priced Out in 2003-2004 to be published in June 2005

    • Non-elderly people with disabilities are three times more likely to have incomes at or below 30% of AMI than households without disabilities

    • In 2003, 51% of 1 person non-elderly disabled households in U.S. had incomes below 30 AMI

    • In 2004, average 1 bedroom rents nationally still higher than SSI monthly income

  • Key findings in Priced Out in 2002

    • SSI income = 18% AMI

    • Average 1 bedroom rent = 105% of SSI


SSI Income

Median Income

50 % of Median Income

18 % of Median Income (SSI)


HUD Housing Needs Data

  • HUD reports to Congress on “Worst Case” Housing Needs

    • Paying more than 50% of income for housing

    • Living in substandard housing

    • Both conditions

  • 5 million households have “worst case” housing needs

  • 1.4 million are people with disabilities receiving SSI

  • People with disabilities more likely to have both “worst case” conditions


Housing Affordability and SSI

  • Average rent = $600+

  • SSI = $585

  • 30 percent of SSI = $175

  • Monthly rent or operating subsidy is essential for people with SSI to obtain affordable housing


Your Community’s Affordable Housing System


Key Subsidy Programs

  • Public and Assisted Housing (500,000 units are now “elderly only”)

  • Section 811 Supportive Housing for Persons with Disabilities Program

  • Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program

  • McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Programs


Section 811 Program


Section 811

  • Develops supportive housing through a capital advance component (30,000 units)

  • Also provides a monthly project subsidy for these capital units through a “one-stop” application process

  • Provides tenant-based rental assistance through the Section 8 Mainstream Voucher program (12,000 vouchers)


Administration’s 2006 Budget Proposal for Section 811

  • Cuts 811 funding by 50% (from $238 million to $120 million)

  • No cuts in “companion” Section 202 Elderly program

  • Section 811 budget proposal would eliminate the housing development component of the program (compared to 1,030 units in 2005 NOFA)

  • Proposal only funds renewal of PRACs and tenant based vouchers

  • Any remaining ’06 funding would be for tenant based vouchers


Section 811 NAMI Position Paper

  • Restore program funding to 2004 level of $249 million

  • Maintain and improve the housing development component of Section 811

  • Eliminate outdated bureaucratic requirements which restrict leveraging of other funds with Section 811 capital

  • No expansion of the tenant based Mainstream voucher program because of serious mis-management issues at HUD


Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program


New Legislation Proposes to End Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program

  • S. 771 and H.R. 1999 (drafted by HUD) propose New Flexible Voucher Program proposed

  • Proposal would cause seriously harm to people with disabilities

  • New TAC study shows disproportionate impact of Flexible Voucher Program on people with disabilities

    • FVP would end targeting of vouchers to people with disabilities at or below 30% of AMI

    • Non-elderly people with disabilities are three times more likely to be at or below 30% of AMI than people without disabilities (ACS – 2003)


Summary of Flexible Voucher Proposal

  • HCV currently targets 75% of vouchers to people at or below 30% of AMI – This targeting would be eliminated

  • Expands voucher eligibility to households at 80% of AMI

  • PHA flexibility on priority activities – similar to a block grant

  • Participants could be required to pay higher rents

  • Disability-specific preferences would be permitted

  • Eliminates valuable civil rights and programmatic protections for people with disabilities

  • Eliminates 50,000 vouchers set-aside by Congress for people with disabilities affected by “elderly only” designation


Section 105 Protections

  • Section 105 of bill (S. 771) appears to protect people with disabilities

  • Allows current elderly and disabled voucher holders continue to receive assistance under current rules until January 1, 2009

  • Allows PHAs to implement new rules for new voucher holders with disabilities before January 1, 2009


Disability Vouchers

  • 62,000 vouchers set-aside for people with disabilities

    • 50,000 1 year vouchers funded from Section 8

    • 12,000 5 year vouchers funded from Section 811 under the Mainstream Program

  • Congress mandated that these vouchers continue to be provided to people with disabilities upon turnover

  • Many PHAs are not aware of these requirements

  • HUD Notice issued February 1, 2005

  • More information at www.tacinc.org

  • Opening Doors Issue #25


Disability Vouchers

  • Awarded primarily to PHAs between 1997-2001

  • Includes:

    • Section 8 vouchers in conjunction with “elderly only” public housing

    • Section 8 vouchers in conjunction with “elderly only” HUD assisted housing

    • Section 8 Mainstream vouchers (1 year contracts)

    • Section 8 Mainstream vouchers (5 year contracts funded from Section 811)


HUD McKinney-Vento Homeless Programs

  • Programs only for people who are already homeless

    • Shelter Plus Care

    • Supportive Housing Program (SHP)

    • Section 8 SRO Program

  • Emphasis on paying for permanent housing rather than services

  • New emphasis on assisting chronically homeless people

  • Samaritan Initiative will develop new permanent housing for people who are chronically homeless

  • Definition: Unaccompanied adult who has been continuously homeless for more than 1 year or had at least 4 episodes of homelessness in the past 3 years


Other Important Housing Issues

  • Housing Planning

    • HUD Consolidated Plan controls HOME and CDBG funding

    • HUD Public Housing Agency Plan controls Section 8 and public housing funds

    • Qualified Allocation Plan controls awards of Low Income Housing Tax Credits


What You Can Do

  • State and local housing officials need to hear from you!

  • Members of Congress need to hear from you!

  • Educate yourself on affordable housing issues and programs

  • Become a housing advocate in your community and your state

  • Organize disability advocates around a specific objective

    • Section 811 budget

    • Section 8 vouchers set-aside for people with disabilities

  • Have a clear strategy and action steps

  • Use TAC’s publications and website (www.tacinc.org)


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