peter warrian phd university of toronto
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CSTEC Steel Industry Human Resources Study

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Peter Warrian PhD University of Toronto. CSTEC Steel Industry Human Resources Study. Summary. Steel Employment Trends: Sector Definition Globalization and NAFTA Steel Market Demographic Bubble New Steel Workforce Production Workers Knowledge Transfer New International Steel Management

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summary
Summary
  • Steel Employment Trends: Sector Definition
  • Globalization and NAFTA Steel Market
  • Demographic Bubble
  • New Steel Workforce
  • Production Workers Knowledge Transfer
  • New International Steel Management
  • Themes
    • Continuous Improvement
    • Maintenance
    • Steelworker of the Future
steel definitions
Steel Definitions
  • Broader Steel Industry
    • Independent Pipe Mills
    • Rolling Mills and Drawing Mills
    • Foundries
    • Construction Fabricators
    • Metals Service Centres
impacts of globalization
Impacts of Globalization
  • Ownership Changes
  • Changes to Competitive Environment
    • Single NAFTA Steel Market
    • Restructured Supply Chains: Value Added Migration
  • Steel HR profile shift
    • More skill-intensive
    • Higher value-added production processes
new steel workforce challenges
New Steel Workforce Challenges
  • Broader Steel Sector will need to recall or hire between 19,000 and 29,000 workers over the next five years.
  • The Sector will need to hire or recall a minimum of 5,000 skilled tradespersons between 2011 and 2015
knowledge transfer
Knowledge Transfer
  • The transfer of undocumented skills from older workers to younger workers. Knowledge Transfer has emerged as a new human resources planning challenge
technology factors
Technology Factors
  • Automation of production processes, changing skill needs of both production workers and skilled tradespersons
    • Increase the importance of technicians and technologists
  • Gaps in essential skills will exact a greater cost on both workers and employers
    • Nature of essential skills will also change
new international steel management
New International Steel Management
  • Internationalization of ownership structures. This is most evident in Primary Steel
  • Adoption of international managerial norms and the international flows of talent
    • Productivity benchmarking, new approaches to work organization
    • Distinct strategies related to training and human resources development
impacts on canadian steel
Impacts on Canadian Steel
  • Dramatic rationalization of production underpinned the increased integration of international markets.
  • In Canada, this rationalization of capacity drove a step-function increase in productivity
    • Reduced overall employment
    • Reshaping the skill needs of the steelworker of the future
theme 1 no big technology change
Theme: 1 No Big Technology Change
  • No Step Function change in Technology
  • Incremental Improvement on Shop Floor
    • the philosophy of ‘kaizen’ – which achieves results through the cumulative impact of small changes – has become central to management strategy in the primary steel industry.
    • Implications for upgrading the skill requirements and responsibilities of equipment operators and for introducing flexible work structures
theme 2 total productivity maintenance
Theme 2: Total Productivity Maintenance
  • Historical importance of Maintenance in the Primary Steel industry
  • TPM
    • To achieve and maintain optimal utilization of machinery and equipment
    • Premise of TPM is that machine operators develop tacit knowledge through active management of the machinery
steelworker of the future
Steelworker of the Future
  • Minimum 2 year Community College degree
  • Long-term strategy to ensure an adequate and appropriate supply of technicians and technologists with the requisite industry experience
  • Mismatch between the supply and demand for persons with technology skills pertains to internationally trained professionals
production workers
Production Workers
  • Impact of Continuous Improvement
    • Change in attitude that is required, on the part of both managers and shop-floor workers, for implementation to be successful.
    • Flattening of job hierarchies and an expansion of scope within jobs
    • Increased reliance on sensors and computer control systems will make basic computer literacy an essential skill for the majority of production workers
skilled trades
Skilled Trades
  • Impact of Information Technologies
    • The line between the technology skills of technicians and technologists and the trade skills of a skilled tradespersons will become blurred
    • The normal trades school curriculum and training standards for apprentices will fall short of meeting the Primary Steel industry’s needs.
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