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Oriëntatie op CIW hoorcollege 6: Computercommunicatie. Gisela Redeker voor deze presentatie heb ik dankbaar gebruik gemaakt van materiaal van prof.dr. John Bateman (Universität Bremen). Person. Computer. Person. Computer. Person. Wat is computercommunicatie?. Human-computer interaction

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ori ntatie op ciw hoorcollege 6 computercommunicatie

Oriëntatie op CIWhoorcollege 6: Computercommunicatie

Gisela Redeker

voor deze presentatie heb ik dankbaar gebruik gemaakt van materiaal van prof.dr. John Bateman (Universität Bremen)

slide2

Person

Computer

Person

Computer

Person

Wat is computercommunicatie?

Human-computer interaction

(b.v. tekstverwerking, database)

Computer als gereedschap

Computer-mediated communication

(b.v. e-mail, websites)

Computer als medium

wat maakt computercommunicatie speciaal
Wat maakt computercommunicatie speciaal?
  • onafhankelijk van tijd en plaats
  • aanpasbaar aan verschillende behoeftes
  • aanpasbaar voor diverse doelgroepen
  • te hergebruiken voor andere doelen
e versus face to face discussie
E- versus face-to-face discussie

In your reply to David’s message at 21-Jan-2000 09:21:12 you said “that sucks”, but this is not what you said at 21-Jan-2000 09:20:30 to Pete.

“Hey, you just told Pete it was OK.”

wat maakt computercommunicatie speciaal1
Wat maakt computercommunicatie speciaal?
  • onafhankelijk van tijd en plaats
  • aanpasbaar aan verschillende behoeftes
  • aanpasbaar voor diverse doelgroepen
  • te hergebruiken voor andere doelen
wat maakt computercommunicatie speciaal2
Wat maakt computercommunicatie speciaal?
  • onafhankelijk van tijd en plaats
  • aanpasbaar aan verschillende behoeftes
  • aanpasbaar voor diverse doelgroepen
  • te hergebruiken voor andere doelen
wat maakt computercommunicatie speciaal3
Wat maakt computercommunicatie speciaal?
  • onafhankelijk van tijd en plaats
  • aanpasbaar aan verschillende behoeftes
  • aanpasbaar voor diverse doelgroepen
  • te hergebruiken voor andere doelen
information systems

Person

Person

Person

Person

Information systems

Computer

Data

Data

example the dart bio information system artist biographical data

Automatic and

Semi-automatic

information

extraction

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

User Interface

Information

Retrieval

User

Data

Visualisation

and Natural

Language

Generation

Structured

Knowledge

Base

Authors

Example: the Dartbio information system:Artist Biographical Data
example the ilex system interactive web based museum explorer university of edinburgh

Information

Request

Handler

User

Museum

Curators

Data

Web-browser

Visualisation

and Natural

Language

Generation

Structured

Knowledge

Base

Example: the ILEX system:Interactive Web-based Museum Explorer (University of Edinburgh)

Form-based

information

input

interface

slide12

University of Edinburgh

ILEX System startup page

Automatic webpage generation from an annotated data base

development of information presentation
Development of information presentation

From text to multimedia...

gannets

slide16

Redistribution of

Information across

modalities and

across time

1972

The plumage is white

with a tinge of buff on the head and neck

and dark brown, almost black, wing-tips.

Immatures are firstdusky all over,

laterpiebald or white sprinkled with dark spots.

Plumage white,

save the wing quills,

which are dark brown,

not black as usually stated.

The fledglingblackish-slate, spotted white.

Immature till the third or fourth year,

and recognized by the dark brown,

chiefly on the back, wings, and tail,

which colour diminishes season by season

till at maturity reduced to the brown of the wing quills.

1924

ADULT: White,black wing-tips,

yellow nape.

JUVENILE: Grey,

gradually becoming white

over 5 years.

1996

integrating words and pictures
Integrating Words and Pictures

Studies show that designers must help readers:

  • search for the information they want in prose and graphics,
  • make sense of it once they find it,
  • construct a coherent interpretation of the prose and of the graphics,
  • generate connections between the words and the pictures
rhetoric for organising information
‘Rhetoric’ for organising information
  • something that is perceived as necessary for good document design: and particularly web design and online interaction...
  • but how to systematise and teach it?
the gem project genre and multimodality http www gem stir ac uk stages in analysis
The GEM project:‘Genre and Multimodality’(http://www.gem.stir.ac.uk)Stages in Analysis
  • Content analysis: what ‘facts’ are being communicated?
  • Layout analysis:
    • what layout elements are there`?
    • what is their hierarchical structure?
  • Rhetorical analysis: what is the RST structure?
  • Does the layout support the rhetoric?
relation between content rhetorical organisation and layout
Relation between content, rhetorical organisation and layout
  • examine the page layout
  • examine the rhetorical structure of the information as presented
  • look for interrelationships
tekststructuur
Tekststructuur

elaboration

joint

The artic explorer

wears lots of warm

clothes to protect

him from the cold

‘material’

balaclava

trousers

mittens

windproof top

boots

woolen underclothing

rst analysis
RST analysis

background

background

elaboration

elaboration

body parts

Tiger:

pic

attributes

relationships

comparisons

lifespan

diet

weight

length

young

height

season

body

maturity

gestation

tail

joint

purpose

means

elaboration

joint

function

coat

joint

coating

of stripes

background

eyes

hearing

joint

Tiger: mouth

(

pic

)

back of ears

white spots

claws

canines

molars

(

pic

)

function

purpose

(

pic

)

claws

why

retract

layout teksts tructuur
Layout  tekststructuur

Types of element:

Drawing

Intermediate

Caption

Textblock

eyes ears coat mouth teeth claws

slide30

Symbolic Authoringe.g., Drafter project http://www.itri.brighton.ac.uk/projects/drafterAgile project http://www.itri.brighton/projects/agile

  • Symbolic authoring allows a ‘writer’ to produce texts via a specification of the texts’ intended meaning rather than directly as text
  • A text generation component then converts these specifications into natural texts
  • Advantages:
    • the text generation component can produce a variety of texts from the same information
    • e.g., variations in style and selectedlanguage
    • non-variation can be enforced, e.g., terminology
new technologies and cmc
New Technologies and CMC
  • New technologies (such as Natural Language Processing) are changing the role that the computer can take on when mediating information
  • There are already significant applications where information presentation is largely taken over...
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