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FAIR – F acility for A ntiproton and I on R esearch An Overview Walter F. Henning / GSI Darmstadt. Introduction Layout and Characteristics Research Goals Recent Developments. Key Developments and Milestones.

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Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

FAIR – Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research

An Overview

Walter F. Henning / GSI Darmstadt

  • Introduction

  • Layout and Characteristics

  • Research Goals

  • Recent Developments


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

Key Developments and Milestones

  • 1996-99Discussion of Future Directions for the GSI Facilities

  • (Workshops and White Papers from 9 Working Groups, LoI Antiprotons)

  • 2000Development of Facility Concept

  • 2001 Conceptual Design Report (700 pages, ca. 500 authors worldwide)

  • 2002Evaluation by the German Wissenschaftsrat & Recommendation for Realization

  • 2002-03Formation of Proto-Collaborations (PANDA / CBM / NUSTAR / FLAIR )

  • 2003Decision by the Federal Government to Construct Facility

  • (2 conditions: 25% of funding from international sources; technical staging)

  • 2002-2003Development of Staged Construction Concept and Science Programs

  • 2003 2nd International Workshop

  • Letters of Intent: 1800 participants,, (PANDA: ~ 320 participants, 44 institutions,

    11 countries; CBM ~ 250 participants, 38 institutions, 15 countries;

    NUSTAR: ~450 participants, 98 institutions, 27 countries; FLAIR: ~ 250 participants,

    48 institutions, 14 countries; ...)

  • 2004 Formation of the International Steering Committee (ISC-FAIR) and working groups

  • (AFI-FAIR & STI-FAIR); first financial plan from the German government (federal and

  • state)


The future international facility at gsi fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch

SIS 100/300

SIS

UNILAC

FRS

ESR

HESR

Super

FRS

CR

NESR

RESR

The Future International Facility at GSI:FAIR - Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research

Existing

Future Project

100 m


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

SIS 100/300

SIS

UNILAC

FRS

ESR

HESR

Super

FRS

CR

NESR

Existing

Future Project

Beams in the future:

100 – 1000 fold intensity

Z = -1 – 92

(protons to uranium plus

anti-matter, i.e. anti-protons)

up to 35 - 45 GeV/nucleon

HESR

Beams now:

Z = 1 – 92

(protons to uranium)

up to 2 GeV/nucleon

Super

FRS

100 m


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

Key Technical Features

  • Cooled beams

  • Rapidly cycling superconducting magnets

FAIR: Facility Characteristics

Primary Beams

  • 1012/s; 1.5-2 GeV/u; 238U28+

  • Factor 100-1000 over present in intensity

  • 2(4)x1013/s 30 GeV protons

  • 1010/s 238U73+ up to 35 GeV/u

  • up to 90 GeV protons

SIS 100/300

SIS

UNILAC

FRS

ESR

Secondary Beams

  • Broad range of radioactive beams up to 1.5 - 2 GeV/u; up to factor 10 000 in

  • intensity over present

  • Antiprotons 3 - 30 GeV

HESR

Super

FRS

CR

Storage and Cooler Rings

NESR

RESR

  • Radioactive beams

  • e – A collider

  • 1011 stored and cooled 0.8 - 14.5 GeV antiprotons


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

FAIR: Research Areas

  • Nuclear Structure Physics and

  • Nuclear Astrophysics with

  • Radioactive Ion-Beams

  • Hadron Physics with Antiprotons

  • Physics of Nuclear Matter with

  • Relativistic Nuclear Collisions

  • Plasma Physics with Highly

  • Bunched Laser- and Ion-Beams

  • Atomic Physics and Applied

  • Science

  • Accelerator Physics

SIS 100/300

SIS

UNILAC

FRS

ESR

HESR

Super

FRS

CR

NESR

RESR


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

Structure and Dynamics of Nuclei – Radioactive Beams at FAIR

  • Superheavy elements

  • Shell stabilization

  • Long-lived nuclei

  • Proton-rich nuclei

  • Proton radioactivity

  • Proton - neutron pairing

  • Isospin symmetry

  • Tests of standard model and symmetries

  • Nucleosynthesis

  • Neutron-rich nuclei

  • Neutron drip line

  • Shell quenching

  • Skins and halos

  • Loosley bound systems

  • Soft collective modes

  • Nucleosynthesis


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

1GeV/u U + H

Production of exotic nuclear beams by fragmentation

advantage:

shortlived isotopes

(T1/2< ms) accessible

About 1000 nuclear residues identified

A/Z-resolution ~10-3


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

1GeV/u U + H

Production of exotic nuclear beams by fragmentation

advantage:

shortlived isotopes

(T1/2< ms) accessible

About 1000 nuclear residues identified

132Sn

Land Collaboration

P. Adrich et al., 2004

A/Z-resolution ~10-3


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

glueballs (ggg) hybrids (ccg)

J/ spectroscopy confinement

hidden and open charm in nuclei

fundamental symmetries:

antiprotons in traps (FLAIR)

strange and charmed baryons in nuclear fields

inverted deeply virtual Compton scattering

CP-violation (D/ - sector)

Physics program at the High Energy Storage Ring (HESR)

New proposals: ASSIA, PAX (pol. target; pol. p – beams)


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

Nuclear Matter and the Quark-Gluon Plasma –

Relativistic Nuclear Beams at FAIR

QCD- Phase Diagram

study of compressed baryonic / strange matter in nucleus-nucleus

collisions up to laboratory

energies of 35 AGeV

important probe: dilepton pairs


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

SIS 100/300

AGS

SIS

CERN SPS

optimum production of

baryons with strange quarks

maximum compression

in heavy-ion collisions

threshold for

antiprotons

threshold for

strange quarks

threshold for

charm quarks

1 10 100

NN Collisions at 2-40 AGeV

Rel.production of strange quarks (red curve)

nuclear matter density (blue curve)

ion energy [AGeV]


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

Magnetic Fusion

Inertial

Cofinement

Fusion

Temperature [eV]

Sun Core

PHELIX

Laser

Heating

Ideal plasmas

Strongly coupled

plasmas

Ion Beam

Heating

Jupiter

SIS 18

solid state

density

Sun Surface

Density [cm-3]

High Power Density in Matter – Physics of Dense Plasma


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

Atomic Physics

  • Extreme Static Electromagnetic Fields

E  500 eV

Z∙  1

Uranium

Laser fields:

1022 W/cm2

Hydrogen

E  10-6 eV

Z∙  10-2


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

Atomic Physics

2. Extreme Dynamic Fields

U92+

b ~ 106 fm

t  0.1 as

I  1021 W/cm2

0 87 94 97 98

Percent of Light Velocity

 MHz


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

Radioactive

Beams

Plasma

Physics

100 Tm Ring

200 Tm Ring

Collector & Storage Ring

High-Energy Storage Ring

Nucleus-Nucleus

100 sec

Antiprotons

Parallel Operation

SIS 300

Duty-Cycles of the Accelerator Rings

Duty-Cycles of the Physics Programs

Radioactive Beams

Nucleus-Nucleus

Collisions

Antiprotons

Plasma-Physics

0% 50% 100%


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

RHIC type dipole magnet:

B=4T 6T, dB/dt=1T/s

Nuclotron dipole magnet:

B=2T, dB/dt=4T/s

New SIS 100/300 Synchrotron

Booster and compressor

Stretcher and high energy ring

Two synchrotrons in one tunnel

(1080 m circumference)

SIS 300

R&D programm in rapidly cycling

superconducting magnets


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

R&D in Superconducting Magnet Technology

SIS200/300 cos q magnet


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

Radiation Safety Approval Procedure

In February 2002, one year before the “green light” was obtained from the German government, GSI applied for the Construction of an

International Facility for the Research with Ion and Proton Beams at

the Hessian Ministry for Environment

In December 2003, GSI received official letterwith the first approval:

....the planned facility will fulfill the requirements in accordance with

the German radiation protection laws for the construction

of the whole installation and the operation as outlined

in the Conceptual Design Report.


International committee structure for the f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch fair

International (Committee) Structure for theFacility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR)

International Steering Committee

(ISC-FAIR) H. Schunck

Working Group on

Administrative and Financial Issues (AFI-FAIR) H-F. Wagner

Working Group on

Scientific and Technical Issues

(STI-FAIR) S. Gales

PAC / QCD

R. Chiavassa

PAC / NSTR

R. Casten

PAC / APPA

D. Schwalm

TAC / ACC

Y. Cho


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

~ Signing of MoU

AFI

Phase II

Governed

by

contracts

MoU

Phase I – Governed by MoU

Contract Development

Contract Negotiations

Closing

2004

2005

2006

STI

LoI's

Proposals / TR's

TDR's

Technical Committee

PAC's


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

SIS18 Upgrade

70 MW Connection

Proton-Linac

General Planning

2,7x1011 /s 238U28+ (200 MeV/u)

5x1012 protons per puls

I

Civil Construction 1

SIS100/300 Tunnel, SIS Injection+Extraction+Transfer

SIS100

Transfer Line SIS18-SIS100

High Energy Beam Lines

Transfer Buildings/Line Super-FRS,

Auxiliary Bldgs., Transfer Tunnel to SIS18,

Building APT,Super-FRS, CR-Complex

RIB High+Low Energy Branch,

II

Civil Construction 2

RIB Prod.-Target, Super-FRS

RIB High+Low Energy Branch

Antiproton Prod.-Target

CR-Complex

1x1011/s 238U28+ (0.4-2.7GeV/u)

->RIB (50% duty cycle)

2.5x1013 p (1-30 GeV)

3-30 GeV pbar->fixed target

10.7 GeV/u 238U -> HADES*

III

Civil Construction 3

CBM-Cave, Pbar-Cave, Reinjection SIS100

HESR &. 4 MV e- –Cooling

In NESR

IV

HESR ( ground level),

NESR, AP-cave,

e-A Collider, PP-cave

Accuracy:

6 -8 months

Civil Construction 4

SIS300*

8 MV e- –Cooling

e-A Collider

1x1012/s 238U28+

100% duty cycle

pbar cooled

p (1-90 GeV)

35 GeV/u 238U92+

NESR physics

plasma physics

V

Civil Construction

Experiment Potential

Civil Construction

Production and Installation

*SIS300 installation together with SIS100


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

FAIR: Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

FAIR Organisational Structure: EEIG (or GmbH or...)

Finland / France / Italy / Germany / Spain / Sweden / UK ...Russia...Cons...

Council EEIG

(Representatives of Partners)

Finland

GSI

France

Project

Management

Italy

FAIR Project

EEIG / GmbH

Spain

Sweden

UK

...

Poland

Russia

...

...

India

Consort.

Requests of the Project from the partners, GSI and external

Resources, Finances, Manpower

and Hardware Contributions


Fair f acility for a ntiproton and i on r esearch an overview

FAIR Organisational Structure: EEIG (or GmbH or...)

Finland / France / Italy / Germany / Spain / Sweden / UK ...Russia...Cons...

Council EEIG

(Representatives of Partners)

Finland

GSI

France

Project

Management

DG

Italy

FAIR Project

EEIG

ADR ADA ADI ADF ADFP

Spain

Sweden

Research

Accelerator

UK

Infrastructure

...

Administration

Poland

Russia

Future Project

...

...

India

Consort.

Requests of the Project from the partners, GSI and external

Resources, Finances, Manpower

and Hardware Contributions


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