Surface decoration for pottery
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Surface Decoration for Pottery. engobe – slip used to decorate clay wares, most often applied in the plastic or leather-hard state.

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Surface Decoration for Pottery

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Surface decoration for pottery

Surface Decoration for Pottery

engobe – slip used to decorate clay wares, most often applied in the plastic or

leather-hard state.

sgraffito – this is a design that can be made by scraping or scratching through a layer of slip that has been applied to a piece of pottery to reach the contrasting color of the clay body beneath.

Surface decoration for pottery

slip trailing - another decorating method. Slip is applied to the greenware through a tube or nozzle, much like icing a cake.

Motif – a shape or an image within a pattern or alone,

as decoration.

Surface decoration for pottery

  • resist decoration - When a wax is painted onto pottery that area will resist any coloring or glaze.

  • wax Resist - water-soluble wax emulsions used to resist glazes, under glaze, stains, etc. on foot rings, lid flanges and lids or for masking specific areas of a piece for multi-layered glazing techniques. Once applied, wax cannot be removed except by firing off in the kiln.

Surface decoration for pottery

intaglio – decoration below the pottery surface, as in incising, carving, and stamping;

the opposite of relief.

Greenware to ceramic

Greenware to Ceramic

shrinkage - the decrease in the size of clay pottery due to drying and firing. Dry shrinkage is reversible with the return of water, but firing shrinkage is permanent due to chemical and physical changes the clay undergoes when exposed to heat.

chemical water – water that is bound into the molecular structure of clay. It must be evaporated by firing to a minimum 1112˚F. When chemical water is gone, clay becomes ceramic.

maturing temperature – the temperature at which a glaze exhibits it best qualities.

Surface decoration for pottery

Surface affects caused by temperature variations, uneven shrinkage, and surface quality.

crazing - will occur when the glaze doesn't fit the clay body.The glaze shrinks more than the clay during the cooling causing the glaze to crack like a spider web.

blistering - appearance of broken bubbles found on glazed surfaces of fired ceramics and pottery.

Surface decoration for pottery

underfiring- firing a piece of pottery below the

temperature required to harden it or

if glazing below the temperature

required to melt it.

crawling – the action by which a glaze

separates from the body during

firing leaving unglazed areas. Crawling occurs when the glaze hasn't properly adhered to the bisqued clay. The most frequent cause is that the glaze was applied to dirty, dusty, or greasy pots. Another cause could be that

the glaze was too thick.

Surface decoration for pottery

viscosity - the ability of a liquid to flow, the term is used by the pottery worker in relation to molten glazes, glaze suspensions and slips. A stiff molten liquid glaze is one of high viscosity, while a runny molten liquid glaze is one of low viscosity. viscosity Cup - a small cup with hole in bottom used to determine if glaze is the right consistency. A range of 19-23 seconds is normal. If glaze remains in the cup and reading is below or within this range, or if it takes longer than 23 seconds to drain, the glaze is too thick. Add small amounts of water as needed.

Surface decoration for pottery

modeling – adding clay to the surface of a piece and shaping into a relief.

fettling - the removal or trimming away of excess clay, unwanted blemishes, seams and flash from nearly dry pots prior to glazing and firing.

banding wheel – a small pedestal turntable used to assemble a form,

apply wax, or brush on a band of glaze.

bat – a flat disk that easily detaches from the wheel head; used to transport a pot

without touching it.

shards - pieces of broken pottery.

Surface decoration for pottery


1-2 coats added over any 05 glaze to create texture

You may choose texturizer to add a variation in the glaze on your coil pottery.

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