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NCDs & Eye Healt h Converging interests and opportunities for collaboration . Course 17: Neglected Tropical Diseases & NCDs 9 th GA of IAPB Hyderabad; 19 th September 2012. Dr. Damodar Bachani , MD. Percentage of NCD deaths, by cause in WHO Regions, 2008.

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Ncds eye healt h converging interests and opportunities for collaboration

NCDs & Eye HealthConverging interests and opportunities for collaboration

Course 17: Neglected Tropical Diseases & NCDs

9th GA of IAPB

Hyderabad; 19th September 2012

Dr. DamodarBachani, MD


Percentage of ncd deaths by cause in who regions 2008
Percentage of NCD deaths, by cause in WHO Regions, 2008

Four major NCDs cause 80% of deaths due to NCDs in all WHO Regions

Source: WHO global Health observatory 2011 http://apps.who.int/ghodata/


Distribution of deaths by major cause india 2001 2003
Distribution of deaths by major cause-India 2001-2003

Deaths due to NCDs outnumber deaths due to communicable diseases, maternal and perinatal causes and nutritional conditions combined

Source: RGI-CGHR Million Death Study


Causes of Death (%) in Urban Population

(25 to 69 years) India: 2001-2003

4 major NCDs- Cardiovascular diseases, Malignant & other Neoplasms, COPD, Asthma & other respiratory diseases & Diabetes Mellitus contributes to 55% of the total reported deaths in urban area

Source :Special Survey of Deaths,

Registrar General of India


Causes of Death (%) in Rural Population

(25 to 69 years) India: 2001-2003

3 major NCDs-Cardiovascular diseases, COPD, Asthma & other respiratory diseases, Malignant & other Neoplasms contributes to 43% of the total reported deaths in rural area

Source :Special Survey of Deaths,

Registrar General of India


National health programs for ncds initiated before 2007
National Health Programs for NCDs initiated before 2007

  • National Cancer Control Program

  • National Blindness Control Program

  • National Mental Health Program

  • National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Program

  • National Tobacco Control Program

  • Trauma Care Facility on National Highways

  • National Deafness Control Program


National health programs initiated since 2007
National Health Programs initiated since 2007

  • National Program for Prevention and Control of Fluorosis

  • Pilot Project on Oral Health

  • National Program for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, CVD, Stroke

  • National Program for Health Care of the Elderly

  • Pilot Program for Prevention of Burn injuries

  • Upgradation of Department of PMR in Medical Colleges

  • Disaster Management/Mobile Hospitals/ CBRN

  • Organ and Tissue Transplant


Strategies to address ncds 2012 17
Strategies to address NCDs 2012-17

  • Health Promotion for healthy life styles that preclude NCDs and their risk factors

  • Specific prevention to reduce exposure to risk factors

  • Early Diagnosis through periodic/opportunistic screening of population and better diagnostic facilities

  • Infrastructure Development and facilities required for management of NCDs

  • Human Resources and their capacity building for prevention and treatment of NCDs

  • Establish Emergency Medical Services with rapid referral systems to reduce disability and mortality due to NCDs

  • Treatment and care of persons with NCDs including rehabilitation and palliative care

  • Health Legislation and population and evidence based interventions wherever applicable through multisectoral approach for prevention of NCDs

  • Building evidence for action through surveillance, monitoring and research.


Services in public sector health system
Services in Public Sector Health System

Tertiary level Institute

Medical Colleges, Tertiary Cancer Centres, Regional geriatric Centres, Centres of Excellence

[Tertiary care, Training, Research]

District Hospital

NCD Clinic, Geriatric Clinic, Cardiac Care Unit,

Cancer Care Facility etc.

[Health Promotion; Early diagnosis & Management; Home Based Care; Day Care Facility]

Referral

Community Health Center

NCD Clinic, Geriatric Clinic

[Health Promotion, Early diagnosis & Management; Laboratory Investigations, Home Based Care, Referral]

Sub Center

Screening Services

[Health Promotion; Opportunistic Screening; Referral]


National health programmes
National Health Programmes

A. Life Style Chronic Diseases

  • Cancer

  • Tobacco Control

  • Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) & Stroke

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases*

  • Chronic Kidney Diseases*

  • Organ and Tissue Transplant

  • Mental Disorders

  • Prevention and Management of Nutritional Disorders & Obesity*

  • Iodine Deficiency Disorders

  • Fluorosis

  • Oro-dental disorders*

    * New


B. Disability Prevention & Rehabilitation

  • Trauma (including Road Traffic Accidents)

  • Burn Injuries

  • Disaster Response*

  • Emergency Medical Services*

  • Musculo-skeletal (Bone and Joint) Disorders*

  • Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

  • Blindness

  • Deafness

  • Health Care of the Elderly (Geriatric Disorders)

  • Neurological Disorders (Epilepsy, Autism, Dementia)*

  • Congenital Diseases*

  • Hereditary Blood Disorders (Sickle Cell Anaemia, Thalassemia, Haemophilia)*

    * New


Experiences issues for effective implementation
Experiences & Issues for EffectiveImplementation

  • Health promotion and prevention need to be given more attention to reduce the incidence of NCDs and their risk factors.

  • As NCDs are prevalent across the country, the programmes need to be expanded to the entire country to cover urban, rural and slum population

  • The States need to be given flexibility in implementation of the programmes based on their public sector health system, prevalence and needs. The flexibility would be within broad policy framework.


Experiences issues contd
Experiences & Issues… (contd.)

  • Convergence and integration would be critical in implementation of large number of interventions with a unified management structure at various levels

  • Integration of cross cutting components like health promotion, prevention, screening of population, training, referral services, emergency medical services, public awareness, programme management, monitoring & evaluation etc. would save on costs and make implementation more effective.


Opportunities challenges
Opportunities & Challenges

  • Political will

  • Healthy Public Policy

  • Resource Mobilization

  • Sustainable Infrastructure & Systems

  • Human resources & their capacity building

  • Convergence & Integration

  • Partnership & Collaboration

  • Quality assurance, M&E for evidence



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