Medicine in ancient mesopotamia
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Medicine in Ancient Mesopotamia. Sources. The earliest recipies. By the end of the third millenium b.c. medicine is mentioned for the first time 12 drugs described No eldritch forces. Ur-Lugaledin. 2000 b.c. A royal physician Ur-Lugaledin is shown

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Medicine in Ancient Mesopotamia

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Medicine in Ancient Mesopotamia


Sources


The earliest recipies

  • By the end of the third millenium b.c. medicine is mentioned for the first time

  • 12 drugs described

  • No eldritch forces


Ur-Lugaledin

  • 2000 b.c.

  • A royal physician Ur-Lugaledin is shown

  • Seal ring represents two figures of a health god, knives and pounder as well as two pots probably for balms


Hymn to the goddess Ninisina

  • Around 1750 b.c.

  • Godess Ninisina – The Lady of Isin

  • Afterwards named Gula and Bau

  • Many demons mentioned


Hammurabi’s code of law

  • Around 1750 b.c.

  • First centralized health system in history

  • Physicians were well rewarded and hardly punished


Assurbanipal’s library

  • Around 650 b.c.

  • Library containing over 650 medical texts

  • Many demons

    and deities are mentioned


Herodotus

  • Around 450 b.c.

  • Persian authority in Mesopotamia

  • There are no physicians

  • Sick persons lie on the squares


Healthcare


Physicians

  • Ashipu - sorcerer

  • Asu - physician

  • Baru - diviner

  • Gallabu - barber

  • Veterinarian

  • Medical schools in Uruk and Borsippa


Hammurabi’s code of law

  • A sliding scale based on ability to pay and seriousness of the procedure

  • Awelum paid most, mushkenum less. The wardum's owner paid least for successful procedure

  • Unsuccessful procedure- of the higher classes, hands were cut off - of the slave,doctor had to get a new slave or pay his full price

  • Evidence of ophthalmologic surgeries


Gula's temples

  • Temples in Isin, Borsippa, Assur and Nippur

  • A place to thank gods for healing

  • No beds

  • Diagnostic centres and libraries


Gods and demons


Ninisina or Gula

  • The greatest godess

  • Also known as Bau, Ninkarrak, Nintinuga i Meme

  • Dog is her simbol


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