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Elements and Principles of Art and Design Element: Color Hue: Technical Term for Color - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Elements and Principles of Art and Design Element: Color Hue: Technical Term for Color Pigment: Physical Material of Color. Painting Materials Paint palette Acrylic Paint Paint brushes Cup of water Paper Towel Sketchbook / Paper. Paint Pump Tips

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Presentation Transcript

Elements and Principles

of Art and Design

Element: Color

Hue: Technical Term for Color

Pigment: Physical Material of Color


  • Painting Materials

  • Paint palette

  • Acrylic Paint

  • Paint brushes

  • Cup of water

  • Paper Towel

  • Sketchbook / Paper


Paint Pump Tips

Only take a dime-size amount of paint (you can always go back for more)

If paint does not come out of the pump easily, STOP.

Get a paper towel and cover the opening of the spout and push the pump.

If paint does not come out, find a pair of scissors or a sharp/narrow object.

Use the object to clear any dried paint from the spout. Try to push again.


Painting Tips

Add dark colors to light colors (never light to dark)

Only mix as much as you need: be conservative and do not waste paint

Wash your brush and pat dry with paper towel for each different color


Cleaning Your Brush

Rinse brush thoroughly and carefully under warm water.

Massage bristles to work out any paint left.

Squeeze the bristles. If the water comes out clear, the brush is clean.


Order of Paint on Palette

1. Cool Red

2. Warm Red

3. Warm Yellow

4. Cool Yellow

5. Cool Blue

6. Warm Blue

Only a dime-size

glob of paint

at a time!


Primary Colors

Red, Yellow, Blue

Can create any color when mixed,

along with black and white

Cannot be created

from mixing other colors


Secondary Colors

Orange, Green, Violet

Creating by mixing

2 primary colors together


Tertiary Colors

Red-Orange, Yellow-Orange, Yellow-Green

Blue-Green, Blue-Violet, Red-Violet

Creating by mixing 1 primary color

and 1 adjacent secondary color together



Color Temperature

Warm Colors (Fire, Sun, Heat):

Cool Colors (Ice, Cold, Night):


Opaque vs. Transparent

Transparent: Can see through it

To Increase Transparency: Add Water

Opaque: Cannot see through it

To Increase Opacity:

- Add more pigment, less water

- Add more layers of paint


Value (in color):

The lightness or darkness of a hue

Tinting: Adding white to make a hue lighter

Shading: Adding black to make a hue darker

Toning: Adding gray to desaturate a color

(Be careful: this dulls & flattens color)


Color Scheme

An arrangement or combination of colors used in a work of art

Monochromatic

Analogous

Complementary


Monochromatic Color Scheme

All the values (tints, tones, and shades) of one particular hue

Creates balance, unity, and harmony




Analogous Color Scheme

Three or four hues (MAX 5) that are adjacent on the color wheel

(includes tertiaries)

Creates balance, unity, and harmony, with some variety and contrast




Complementary Color Scheme

Two hues that are opposite each other on the color wheel

When placed next to each other: They create energy and contrast, make each other *POP*





Complementary Colors

When mixed together: They desaturate each other, create a brown or gray


Saturation vs. Desaturation

Saturation: The vibrancy, purity,

and intensity of a hue

*A highly saturated color is vibrant, pure, intense

Desaturate: Decrease the saturation

of a hue to create a duller, more

brown-gray hue


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