Elements and Principles of Art and Design Element: Color Hue: Technical Term for Color Pigment: Physical Material of Color. Painting Materials Paint palette Acrylic Paint Paint brushes Cup of water Paper Towel Sketchbook / Paper. Paint Pump Tips
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Elements and Principles
of Art and Design
Hue: Technical Term for Color
Pigment: Physical Material of Color
Paint Pump Tips
Only take a dime-size amount of paint (you can always go back for more)
If paint does not come out of the pump easily, STOP.
Get a paper towel and cover the opening of the spout and push the pump.
If paint does not come out, find a pair of scissors or a sharp/narrow object.
Use the object to clear any dried paint from the spout. Try to push again.
Add dark colors to light colors (never light to dark)
Only mix as much as you need: be conservative and do not waste paint
Wash your brush and pat dry with paper towel for each different color
Cleaning Your Brush
Rinse brush thoroughly and carefully under warm water.
Massage bristles to work out any paint left.
Squeeze the bristles. If the water comes out clear, the brush is clean.
Order of Paint on Palette
1. Cool Red
2. Warm Red
3. Warm Yellow
4. Cool Yellow
5. Cool Blue
6. Warm Blue
Only a dime-size
glob of paint
at a time!
Red, Yellow, Blue
Can create any color when mixed,
along with black and white
Cannot be created
from mixing other colors
Orange, Green, Violet
Creating by mixing
2 primary colors together
Red-Orange, Yellow-Orange, Yellow-Green
Blue-Green, Blue-Violet, Red-Violet
Creating by mixing 1 primary color
and 1 adjacent secondary color together
Warm Colors (Fire, Sun, Heat):
Cool Colors (Ice, Cold, Night):
Opaque vs. Transparent
Transparent: Can see through it
To Increase Transparency: Add Water
Opaque: Cannot see through it
To Increase Opacity:
- Add more pigment, less water
- Add more layers of paint
Value (in color):
The lightness or darkness of a hue
Tinting: Adding white to make a hue lighter
Shading: Adding black to make a hue darker
Toning: Adding gray to desaturate a color
(Be careful: this dulls & flattens color)
An arrangement or combination of colors used in a work of art
Monochromatic Color Scheme
All the values (tints, tones, and shades) of one particular hue
Creates balance, unity, and harmony
Analogous Color Scheme
Three or four hues (MAX 5) that are adjacent on the color wheel
Creates balance, unity, and harmony, with some variety and contrast
Complementary Color Scheme
Two hues that are opposite each other on the color wheel
When placed next to each other: They create energy and contrast, make each other *POP*
When mixed together: They desaturate each other, create a brown or gray
Saturation vs. Desaturation
Saturation: The vibrancy, purity,
and intensity of a hue
*A highly saturated color is vibrant, pure, intense
Desaturate: Decrease the saturation
of a hue to create a duller, more