Theories of creativity
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Theories of Creativity. Class 2 January 24, 2005. Creativity: An individual trait or situation-driven?. Both Individual Trait Situation-Driven. Individual Traits Influencing Creativity. Intrinsic Motivation Personality (e.g., Myers Briggs)

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Theories of Creativity

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Theories of creativity

Theories of Creativity

Class 2

January 24, 2005


Creativity an individual trait or situation driven

Creativity:An individual trait or situation-driven?

  • Both

  • Individual Trait

  • Situation-Driven


Individual traits influencing creativity

Individual Traits Influencing Creativity

  • Intrinsic Motivation

  • Personality (e.g., Myers Briggs)

    • Other Personality-Related Individual Differences:

      • Left vs. Right Brain

      • Need for Cognition

      • Dogmatism

      • Divergent Thinking Ability

      • Willingness to Break the Rules

  • Intelligence


Approaches to studying creativity

Approaches to Studying Creativity

  • Case Studies / Historiometric

  • Developmental

  • Biological

  • Psychometric

  • Experimental

    • Social-Personality

      • (e.g. motivation, risk-taking, intelligence)

    • Cognitive

      • (e.g., processing strategies, imagery)


The creative cognition approach

The Creative Cognition Approach

  • Creative accomplishments, whether mundane or extraordinary, are based on ordinary mental processes

  • Thus, our understanding of human cognition can be directly applied to understanding creative thought as well


The creative cognition approach1

The Creative Cognition Approach

  • The Geneplore Model

    • Generative Processes

      • Pre-Inventive Structures (Finke, Ward, and Smith 1992)

      • Mental transformation / assimilation to create a structure

      • For example, arrange an 8, a V, and a circle to make a figure or structure

    • Exploratory Processes


Creative cognition

Creative Cognition

  • Path of Least Resistance (“POLR”) (Perkins 1997; Ward 1994)

    • Top-Down Process

      • Recall an existing solution to an active problem

      • Implement a well-known plan to solve it


Constraints and the polr

Constraints and the POLR

  • Constraints

    • Input Restrictions

      • In-Stock (Acquisition Costs)

      • Monetary (Budgetary Constraints)


Input constraints and the polr

Input Constraints and the POLR


Individual traits influencing creativity1

Individual Traits Influencing Creativity

  • Intrinsic Motivation

  • Personality (e.g., Myers Briggs)

    • Other Personality-Related Individual Differences:

      • Left vs. Right Brain

      • Need for Cognition

      • Dogmatism

      • Divergent Thinking Ability

      • Willingness to Break the Rules

  • Intelligence

    • 8 Types of Intelligence (Gardner)

      • Linguistic (writing poems, short stories)

      • Logical, mathematical (solving a logical proof)

      • Spatial (getting the “lay of the land”)

      • Bodily-kinesthetic (athletics/dancing)

      • Musical (composing/playing)

      • Interpersonal (relating to others)

      • Intrapersonal (self understanding)

      • Naturalist (seeing complex patterns in a natural environment)


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