Stakeholder interest in lake ferto restoration focus on the fishery sector
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University of Debrecen Centre for Environmental Management and Policy. 3. LAKEPROMO MEETING AND SEMINAR 26.10. – 28.10.2005 University of Brighton, UK. Stakeholder interest in Lake Ferto restoration Focus on the fishery sector. Dr. Zoltan Karacsonyi University of Debrecen

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Stakeholder interest in Lake Ferto restoration Focus on the fishery sector

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Stakeholder interest in lake ferto restoration focus on the fishery sector

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

3. LAKEPROMO MEETING AND SEMINAR

26.10. – 28.10.2005

University of Brighton, UK

Stakeholder interest in Lake Ferto restorationFocus on the fishery sector

Dr. Zoltan Karacsonyi

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy


Stakeholder interest in lake ferto restoration focus on the fishery sector

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

General overview of Lake Ferto

  • Location: Austrian-Hungarian border

  • Austria – touristic, nature cons.

  • Hungary – Iron curtain, limited access area

  • (Zero develoment until 1989)

  • Main features:

  • Shallow (average depth below 1m)

  • Highly saline (avg. salt content 2000 mg/l)

  • Small watershed (1200 km2) compared to lake surface (310 km2); rate only 3:1)

  • World heritage title (December 2002)


Stakeholder interest in lake ferto restoration focus on the fishery sector

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

Most important stakeholders in water management and restoration of Lake Ferto

  • environmental authorities

  • national parks

  • farmers and agricultural organizations

  • development agencies

  • fishery associations

  • fishermen

  • anglers

  • universities

  • research institutes

  • reed management

  • municipalities

  • tourism organisations


Stakeholder interest in lake ferto restoration focus on the fishery sector

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

Applied methods

  • interviews and workshops: to get acquainted with actors’ points

  • stakeholder conference: possibility to present views

  • stakeholders were presented from both sides of the border (Austria and Hungary: 22-23 Sept 2005, Sopron)

  • great emphasize were put on the Fishery sector because on one hand there were co-operation in terms of fishery before and on the other hand there is a chance to create and implement a joint development plan


Regional development aspects

Regional development aspects

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

  • Strategic planning

    • Regional development programme

    • County development programmes

    • Phare CBC; Interreg

  • National programmes

    • National decentralised sources

    • Phare CBC

  • International programmes

    • West-Pannon EuRegion

    • Reginalmanagement Burgenland (RMB)

    • Pannon Pedal – Burgenland Tourismus

    • Hallo Nachparn

  • Planned priorities:

    • ‘Our living space’ measure within the frame of regional development programme

      • Protection of the ecological state of Lake Ferto, improvement of water quality


Agricultural aspects

Agricultural aspects

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

Lake Ferto area:

  • Arable land 7.000 ha

  • Grape 1.350 ha

  • Fruits 236 ha

  • Grassland 2.900 ha

National Rural Development Plan target programmes:

  • Basic arable land

  • Arable plant production - habitat development

  • Integrated arable crop production

  • Grassland management with habitat development instructions

  • Grassland habitat management

  • Integrated plantation

  • Ecological plantation

  • Reed management


Aspects of national park

Aspects of national park

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

  • Fertő-Hanság National Park (Fertő) - 12641 ha

    • Especially protected: 4100 ha

  • Neusiedler See – Seewinkel National Park - 9365 ha

    Zone areas

    • Natural belt: 4070 ha

    • Managed belt: 4911 ha

    • Demonstration belt: 3660 ha


Aspects of national park ferto landscape

Aspects of national park - Ferto Landscape

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

  • Open water surface: 1203 ha

  • Reed: 3679 ha

  • Rarefied reeds, reed-mace with high sedge : 2617 ha

    Totally: 7499 ha

  • Length of channels: ~340 km


Aspects of research institute

Aspects of research institute

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

Causes of reed degradation:

  • Physical damages

  • Eutrophisation

  • Water level fluctuation

    For the harmonized nature protection – management – water management – other utilization (reed management, fishery management, ecotourism) strategy of the whole Ferto, the healthy reed stock is a common interest. The regular reed harvest executed with adequate technology has to serve this.


Water quality issues aspects of water authorities

Water quality issues – aspects of water authorities

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

Interventions:

  • Water level regulation

  • Reduction of external loads

  • Improvement of flow relations

    Recommendations:

  • Due to unfavourable level of oxygen, the enhancement of fresh water supply of reed stock is recommended

  • Maintenance of channels is required for fishery aspect to increase fish habitat and spawning area

  • The direct burden impact of external waters should have to be avoided


Aspects of anglers

Aspects of anglers

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

  • Angling in open water by boat

  • Other areas where angling is permitted but impossible due to water level

  • Protected areas – no entrance for anglers

  • Anglers associations: 10

  • Totally about 2251 anglers (members of associations)


Aspects of fisheries

Aspects of Fisheries

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

Recent practice:

  • Entitled for fishery: national park and water authority

  • Fish fauna: 17 endemic and 6 foreign species

  • Fisheries: 9 independent fishermen (local

  • Electronic fishery equipments are prohibited

  • On Hungarian side: overburden by fisheries

Fish stock:

  • Fisheries data since 16th century

  • Fauna: 23-24 permanent species

  • 1950’s and 1960’s: 30 endemic and 2 foreign species (Anguilla anguilla, Ictalurus melas)

  • Since1975: regular deployments with eel, pikeperch, pike, carp, catfish

  • Long-term (15-20 years) overdeployment (4 million/year) with eel had unfavourable impacts


Aspects of fisheries fish stock survey

Aspects of Fisheries – fish stock survey

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

  • Survey:

  • 3 times

  • For the whole Hungarian part

  • Aug 2005: acoustic fish stock survey on both sides of the border


Aspects of fisheries recent fish fauna

Aspects of Fisheries – recent fish fauna

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy


Aspects of fisheries recent situation problems solutions

Aspects of Fisheries – recent situation, problems, solutions

University of Debrecen

Centre for Environmental Management and Policy

  • Recent fish stock is legging behind the desired both in quantity (biomass) and compound

  • In case of economic fish the stock is decreasing, younger ages are missing

  • Some prey fish stocks are strong (bleak, carp bream, white bream, ziege)

  • Opportunity for natural reproduction is limited

  • Lack of reproduction + intensive fisheries

  • This can’t be complemented by deployment

  • Solution: spawning place development (adequate site and channel system supporting getting back)


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