Emerging air quality issues in freight
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U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration. Emerging Air Quality Issues in Freight. Diane Turchetta U.S. DOT-FHWA 6/29/04. FHWA Environmental Conference Alexandria, VA. Topics Covered. Why does FHWA care about freight emissions?.

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Emerging air quality issues in freight

U.S. Department of Transportation

Federal Highway Administration

Emerging Air Quality Issues in Freight

Diane Turchetta

U.S. DOT-FHWA

6/29/04

FHWA Environmental Conference

Alexandria, VA


Topics covered

Topics Covered

  • Why does FHWA care about freight emissions?

  • Overview of EPA regulatory actions & voluntary programs

  • What is FHWA doing?

    • Research

    • Idle-Reduction initiative

    • Diesel engine retrofits

    • Talking Freight Seminar


Air quality new ozone nonattainment areas

Air Quality: New Ozone Nonattainment Areas


Air quality emissions

Air Quality: Emissions


Energy energy trends by sector

Energy: Energy Trends By Sector


Traffic congestion

Truck and Rail Flows

Traffic Congestion

Freight Flows by Rail: 1998 (tons)

Federal Railroad Administration

Freight Flows by Truck: 2020 (daily truck volumes)

Federal Highway Administration


Epa regulatory actions

EPA Regulatory Actions

  • Heavy-duty diesel truck and bus engine and fuel

  • standard

  • Rulemaking finalized in 2000 – requires new and

  • cleaner control technologies and low-sulfur

  • fuel (15 ppm) in 2007

  • Vehicles will be 95% cleaner than today’s trucks

  • and buses

  • Nonroad Rule

  • Rulemaking finalized last month – will cut emission

    levels from construction, agricultural, and

    industrial diesel-powered equipment by over 90%


Epa regulatory actions con t

EPA Regulatory Actions – Con’t

  • Reduces sulfur levels in fuel to 500 ppm by 2007 and 15 ppm for land-based fuel in 2010 (locomotives and marine vessels by 2012)

  • ANPRM for Locomotives and Marine Engines

  • Announced last month

  • Emphasis is on PM reductions

  • Standards could apply as early as 2011


Epa voluntary programs

EPA Voluntary Programs

  • Clean School Bus USA

    • Retrofits buses with better emission control

      technologies - $65 M in EPA 2005 budget

  • SmartWay Transport

    • Voluntary program between EPA and the freight

      industry – focus is on carbon dioxide emissions

  • Voluntary Diesel Retrofit and Replacement Program

    • Addresses pollution from diesel construction

      equipment and heavy-duty vehicles in use today


What are we doing research

What Are We Doing……Research

  • Research – Impacts of Intermodal Freight Movement

  • on Air Quality

    • Six MSA’s selected (LA, Dallas, Houston, Chicago,

      Detroit and Baltimore)

    • Freight profiles developed by mode (commodity

      flows and emissions)

    • Identification of key issues and problems

    • Preliminary look at mitigation


What are we doing idle reduction

What Are We Doing……Idle-Reduction

  • Working with DOE and EPA to reduce idling emissions

  • from heavy-duty engines (on-board and off-board

  • technologies

    • Regional workshops (I-95 corridor)

    • National conference (Albany, NY – May 2004)

    • CMAQ funding for idle-reduction projects ($16 M)

    • August 2003 policy guidance – “CMAQ Eligibility

      for Idle-Reduction Measures”

    • SAFETEA provision (Title 23 – Section 111 exemption)


What are we doing diesel engine retrofits

What Are We Doing….Diesel Engine Retrofits

  • Heavy-duty diesel engine retrofits – diesel particulate matter filters & oxidation catalysts

    • CMAQ policy guidance issued in Jan. 2003 on Eligibility of Freight Projects and Diesel Engine Retrofit Programs

    • FHWA participation in EPA School Bus, Retrofit and Replacement Work Group

    • Issue related to allocation of emission reduction credits (on-road vs off-road)


What are we doing talking freight seminar

What Are We Doing……Talking Freight Seminar

  • Collaborative between FHWAs Office of Freight

  • Management and Operations and Office of

  • Planning

  • Monthly FHWA-sponsored net-conference seminars

  • July 21 seminar will be on idle-reduction technologies and initiatives


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