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Adoption of Farming Systems Approach in Rain fed area. Participating States. Karnataka Chhattishgarh Uttar Pradesh Kerala Meghalaya Arunachal Pradesh Nagaland. National Rainfall Pattern. Source: IMD Pune. Rain fed Agriculture- Status.

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Adoption of Farming Systems Approach in Rain fed area

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Adoption of farming systems approach in rain fed area

Adoption of

Farming Systems Approach in Rain fed area


Participating states

Participating States

Karnataka

Chhattishgarh

Uttar Pradesh

Kerala

Meghalaya

Arunachal Pradesh

Nagaland


National rainfall pattern

National Rainfall Pattern

Source: IMD Pune


Rain fed agriculture status

Rain fed Agriculture- Status


Adoption of farming systems approach in rain fed area

  • Four categories of rain fed farming systems

  • High-latitude rain fed systems with cold winters;

  • Mid-latitude rain fed systems with mild winters;

  • Subtropical and tropical rain fed highland farm systems;

  • Semi-arid tropical and subtropical farming systems.

  • Factors that influence the intensity and productivity of rain fed farming systems are-

  • Ratio of precipitation to potential evapo-transpiration,

  • Water availability,

  • Drought risk,

  • Temperature regimes,

  • Soil quality,

  • External input use,

  • Marketing margins & market access


Adoption of farming systems approach in rain fed area

Priority to Integrated Farming

Feed

Irrigation

Fishing

Effluent

Manure


Integrated farming system

40 Meters

Agave, Silver Oak, Bamboo, Champak, Neem etc .trees alternatively as border tress

Integrated Farming System

Trees

Farm hut

Poultry

100 Meters

Kitchen Garden

Farm Pond

Compost Pit

Cattle Shed

Fodder Grass

Region/ Location specific cropping pattern can be adopted

Agave, Silver Oak, Bamboo, Champak, Neem etc .trees alternatively as border tress

Ragi : Avare

4:1

Fodder Grass

Ragi : Niger Seed

4:1

Fodder Grass

Groundnut : Red gram

8:2

Fodder Grass

Fruit Tree Crops

Mango, Jackfruit, Sapota, Amla etc

7 Fs = Food, Fruits, Fuel,

Fodder, Fiber, Flowers & Fish

Tress


Adoption of farming systems approach in rain fed area

ADOPTION OF STATE SPECIFIC MODEL

  • Region / location specific IFS models to be tested in every State by integrating the following activities:

  • Agriculture

  • Horticulture

  • Animal Husbandry, Piggery,

  • Apiculture

  • Forestry

  • Fishery

  • Sericulture

  • Insitu soil moisture conservation

  • Micro-irrigation


Crop diversification income security

Crop Diversification- Income Security

In order to create Multiple Sources of Farm Income –

Crop diversification and mixed cropping system.

‘No field with one crop

and

no farmer with one income’.


Up scaling animal husbandry component in the farming systems

Up scaling Animal Husbandry Component in the farming systems

  • Linking Livestock to Crop Production System-

    • Production of Maize --Poultry Industry

    • Fodder Production--Dairy

    • Silage & Fortification of dry fodder-- Cattle feed

  • Comprehensive development of all the systems viz. production, storage,

  • processing and marketing.

  • Promotion of livestock activities for landless labourers.

  • Promotion of FPOs

  • Empowering of farmers / farmers organizations, to bring in change from subsistence rearing of livestock to a production oriented business system

  • Public private partnership models to be evolved and adopted.

  • Providing horizontal linkages between the components of livestock, agri, horti. Silvi-pasture Systems.


Fodder production

Fodder Production


Promotion of dry land horticulture

Promotion of Dry land Horticulture

  • For sustainable productivity introduction of horticulture component in dry land systems is necessary.

  • To utilize the soil moisture effectively from the soil profile.

  • To secure assured income.

  • To mitigate the risk and to achieve nutrition security.

  • Promoting processing for value addition.

Agri-Horti System with Mango/Sapota- Finger millet for sustainable income


Watershed development

Watershed Development

  • Exclusive Watershed Development Department for Natural Resources Management.

  • Integration of land based activities-

    • Soil & Water Conservation,

    • Crop-husbandry,

    • Dry land Horticulture,

    • Social Forestry,

    • Animal Husbandry,

    • Fisheries,

    • Social Mobilization,

    • Livelihood improvement for landless (IG activities)

    • Implementation of Watershed activities through of SHGs, UGs and Watershed Committees

    • Convergence of MNREGA & JALASIRI


Adoption of farming systems approach in rain fed area

Success story of SUJALA PROJECT in Karnataka

Source: ISRO – ANTRIX Corporation


Adoption of farming systems approach in rain fed area

Watershed based interventions


Glimpse of activities

Glimpse of Activities


Dry land development technology agronomical practices

Dry Land Development TechnologyAgronomical Practices

Contour Cultivation with Vegetative Hedges

Mixed Cropping

Paired Row Technology


Afforestation common land

Afforestation – Common Land


Integrated extension delivery system

Integrated Extension Delivery System

  • Single window system to provide technical advises of all farm related activities through Raitha Samparka Kendra / Raitha Mithra Kendra and reduce the gap between LAB TO LAND.

  • All inputs supply through Raitha Samparka Kendras.

  • Encouraging Private Extension System.

  • Integration of ATMA & Convergence of different schemes.

  • Promoting “Swabeejabhivridhi” to reduce the dependency on outside seeds.

  • Use of ICT in extension services.


Adoption of farming systems approach in rain fed area

Credit, Value addition, Market & Crop Insurance

Formation of Joint Liability Groups (JLG) for improved credit flow & recovery.

Infrastructure for –

Storage Facility

On farm value addition

Processing, grading, branding and packing

Custom Hire Service Centers

Marketing-

Market rate information.

Unified licensing

Electronic trading

Spot exchanges

Insurance-

Safety-net for farmers through Weather based crop Insurance


Co operative group farming fpo

Co-operative/ Group farming/FPO

  • MARKET LINKED SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT UTILIZING SFAC

  • 3 Agencies identified by Government of India

  • a. Vrutti Livelihood Resource Centre- Bijpaur

  • b. Indian Society Agri-business Professionals- Gulbarga

  • c. Access Livelihood Consulting India -Bidar and Yadgiri

  • Interaction meeting between the Agencies, district level, Implementing Officers.

  • Formation of groups and federations.

  • Capacity building of groups, linkages with markets; storage

  • Creation of marketing support and Marketing, processing and value addition activities.


Organic farming

Organic Farming

  • Organic farming aims at production of quality and safe agriculture produce.

  • Organic farming system helps to restore and maintain soil fertility.

  • Involvement of NGOs, SHGs, co-operatives for promotion of organic farming.

  • More Certification Agencies for certification of organic produces.


Recommendations

Recommendations

Reducing wastages


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