Disability Law
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 13

Disability Law in Asia and the Pacific: Challenges in ensuring non-discrimination for persons with disabilities. Aiko Akiyama Social Afffairs Office PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 126 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Disability Law in Asia and the Pacific: Challenges in ensuring non-discrimination for persons with disabilities. Aiko Akiyama Social Afffairs Office Social Development Division ESCAP. Purpose of the presentation.

Download Presentation

Disability Law in Asia and the Pacific: Challenges in ensuring non-discrimination for persons with disabilities. Aiko Akiyama Social Afffairs Office

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Disability law in asia and the pacific challenges in ensuring non discrimination for persons with disabilities aiko

Disability Law

in Asia and the Pacific: Challenges in ensuring non-discrimination for persons with disabilities.

Aiko Akiyama

Social Afffairs Office

Social Development Division

ESCAP


Purpose of the presentation

Purpose of the presentation

  • To provide and discuss assessment of the existing disability laws in the region from the perspective of ensuring non-discrimination for persons with disabilities.

  • To share some thoughts on the proposal of the DRTAP.


Research base

Research base

  • Disability at a glance 2009:A profile of 36 Countries and Areas in Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP 2009)

  • Disability Policy Central (http://www.unescap.org/esid/psis/disability/policy_central/index.asp)

  • Experts paper on the harmonization of the national legislation with the CRPD (Bangladesh, Republic of Korea, Laos, Vanuatu)


Disability law in asia and the pacific challenges in ensuring non discrimination for persons with disabilities aiko

Challenges in the disability law in Asia and the Pacific from the perspective of ensuring non-discrimination for persons with disabilities

  • More than a few Government has insufficient legal ground for non-discrimination.

  • The region has variance in definitions on disability and persons with disabilities.

  • Few Governments have clearly operational definitions on discrimination.

  • Many Governments laws are inconsistent with the CRPD requirements.


More than a few government has insufficient legal ground for non discrimination

More than a few Government has insufficient legal ground for non-discrimination.

  • No comprehensive disability law that states non-discrimination principle in countries in the region.

    • Laos: Decree was drafted, but the law was not adopted yet.

    • Vanuatu: National Disability Policy and Plan of Action 2008-2015 is in line with the CRPD. But there is no law.

  • Few Governments have anti-discrimination law on disability

    • Seven Governments ( Australia, Azerbaijian, Hong Kong China, India, Japan, Philippines and Republic of Korea) reported that they have anti-discrimination law.


The region has variance in definitions on disability and persons with disabilities

The region has variance in definitions on disability and persons with disabilities.

  • 31 (out of 36 Governments surveyed by ESCAP) has definition of disability.

  • Several Governments associates disability as abnormality.

    • Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, China

  • At least 9 Governments define disability as attributed to one’s impairment.

    • Bangladesh, Cambodia, Fiji, Indonesia, Japan, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan and Viet Nam

  • A few Governments define disability from the social model perspective.

    • Malaysia, Thailand


The region has variance in definitions on disability and persons with disabilities1

The region has variance in definitions on disability and persons with disabilities.

  • Coverage is not consistent throughout the region.

    • For example, persons with autism is not included in Bangladesh.

    • Interpretation of “mental disabilities” is not clear whether to mean persons with developmental disabilities or persons with psycho-social disabilities.

      • For example, Mongolia “mental problems.”

      • Azerbaijan, “Mental abnormalities.”


Few governments have clearly operational definitions on discrimination

Few Governments have clearly operational definitions on discrimination.

  • Definition of discrimination is not clear and not consistent in the region.

    • Fiji Constitution prohibits discrimination on the ground of disability. But no subordinate laws to define discrimination.

    • Philippines: disability comprehensive law, prohibiting discrimination against persons with disabilities. But no definition on discrimination.

    • Turkmenistan: comprehensive law “On Social Welfare” prohibits discrimination on the ground of disability,” but no definition of discrimination is provided.

    • Australia: anti-discrimination law includes operational definitions of discrimination and that includes both direct/indirect discrimination, discrimination for the lack of provision of reasonable accommodation.


Many governments laws are inconsistent with the crpd requirements

Many Governments laws are inconsistent with the CRPD requirements.

  • Clear conflicts with the message of the CRPD

    • Korean Broadcasting law- sign language interpretation is not mandatory CRPD article on accessibility, sign language as a means of communication.

    • Korean Basic Code of Healthy Families priority for institutionalization of persons with disabilities CRPD article on living independently and being included in community.

    • Korean Single Parent Families Support Act exemption provision states that persons with disabilities cannot adopt a child. CRPD article on familiy life

    • (Note: In the light of the Korean anti-discrimination law on disability, they are planning reviewing the existing laws……)


Many governments laws are inconsistent with the crpd requirements1

Many Governments laws are inconsistent with the CRPD requirements.

  • Interpretation of laws and regulations that, in effect, sustains a vicious cycle of exclusion and poverty.

    • Laos: “good health requirement” in a lot of classified ads, in effect, promotes discrimination against persons with disabilities.

    • Bangladesh: quota system exists for persons with disabilities (10 per cent). But a candidate has to be “medically fit.”


Conclusion and few thoughts on the regional disability tribunal

Conclusion and few thoughts on the regional disability tribunal

  • Weak legal ground to ensure the rights realization of persons with disabilities in Asia and the Pacific as many of the laws clearly do not sanction discriminations against persons with disabilities.

  • Disability Regional Tribunal can showcase the region what it means by disability-based discrimination and ultimately contribute to the upgrading of the national legislation.

  • DRTAP might be able to overcome the report fatigue syndrome of the present treaty committee.


Conclusion and few thoughts on the regional disability tribunal1

Conclusion and few thoughts on the regional disability tribunal

  • Strategic issues for the establishment of the official tribunal

    • Tran-boundary issues can united Governments.

    • Subregional approach


Thank you let s do the right thing for the rights of persons with disabilities

Thank you!!Let’s do the “right” thing for the rights of persons with disabilities.


  • Login