Report on reforms in environmental policy and reconstruction
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8 th REReP Task Force meeting September 23, 2005 Brussels, Belgium. Croatia. Report on reforms in environmental policy and reconstruction. Development of legal and policy framework. Harmonisation of legislation: Waste Act ( Dec 2004) ; Ordinance on Packaging Waste (Aug 2005)

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Report on reforms in environmental policy and reconstruction

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8th REReP Task Force meeting

September 23, 2005

Brussels, Belgium

Croatia

Report on reforms in environmental

policy and reconstruction


Development of legal and policy framework

Harmonisation of legislation:

  • Waste Act ( Dec 2004); Ordinance on Packaging Waste (Aug 2005)

  • Air Protection Act (Nov 2004)

  • Nature Protection Act (May 2004) and Act on GMOs (May 2005)

  • Amendments to the WaterAct (Autumn 2005); (alignment with the WFD); Amendments to the Water Management Financing Act (Autumn 2005)

  • New Environmental Protection Act(in 2006)

  • By-laws in the env. sector are under development (air, waste, nature..)


Development of legal and policy framework

Strategies and plans:

  • National Waste Management Strategy (in Parliamentary procedure)

  • Waste Management Plan (under development)

  • National Air Quality Protection and Improvement Plan (under development)

  • Water Management Master Plan (to be enacted by the end of 2005)

  • Proposal for the National Action Plan for implementation of the WFD (end of 2005)

  • Proposal for the Implementation Plan for Drinking Water Directive and Urban Waste Water Directive (end of 2005)


Development of legal and policy framework

EU accession oriented policy documents:

  • National Programme for the Integration of the Republic of Croatia into the European Union (NPEIU) 2004 and 2005

  • NPIEU-2006 under development

  • Pre-Accession Economic Programme (PEP) 2005-2007; PEP 2006-2008 under development


Civil Society/Public Involvement in Policy Making and Implementation

  • Public participation regulated primarily by the Ordinance on Environmental Impact Assessment (2001) and the existing Environmental Protection Act (1994) and physical planning documents.

  • Access to Information Act (2003); establishment of the Information Catalogue of the MEPPPC (Jan 2005); information officer designated

  • 65% of Directive 2003/4/EC on Access to Env. Information transposed (full transposition in 2006)


Civil Society/Public Involvement in Policy Making and Implementation

  • Provisions on access to environmental information and public participation included in the new acts: Air Protection Act, Nature Protection Act, Act on GMOs

  • Amendments to the Water Act to include provisions on public participation in line with the WFD

  • New Environmental Protection Act in 2006 - to transpose provisions of EU horizontal legislation (EIA, SEA, access to information, public participation)


Civil Society/Public Involvement in Policy Making and Implementation

  • Related projects:

  • ongoing CARDS 2002 Environmental Approximation Strategy project - one of the results: Transposition and implementation strategies for directives on EIA and Strategic Environmental Assessment - by the end of 2005;

  • a CARDS 2003 project on EIA started in July 2005; a project on SEA to start by the end of 2005;

  • a MATRA project on access to enironmental information and public participation to start at the beginning of 2006


Civil Society/Public Involvement in Policy Making and Implementation

  • In Croatia, there are 270 NGOs dealing with environmental issues (of which 41% in the City of Zagreb).

  • cca 2 mil HRK allocated for NGO environmental projects for 2004 and 2005 per year, considerably more than previous years.

  • Competent Ministry's web site (www.mzopu.hr), other line ministries, the Croatian Environment Agency’s web site (www.azo.hr) - access to (draft) legislation, county waste management plans, data on landfills, environmental indicators, air quality data..


Achievements in reducing environmental pollution

  • New environmental charges: charge on motor vehicles, hazardous waste charge, non hazardous industrial waste charge, SO2 and NO2 emisssion charges (2004), charge on packaging waste (2005); charge for CO2 emmission planned to be adopted and implemented in 2006.

  • The charges introduced in 2004 make the Eco Fund’s revenues earmarked for financing environmental projects, projects on energy effciency and renewable energy sources.

  • The Fund was set up mid 2003, operational as of Jan 2004.


Achievements in reducing environmental pollution

  • The Fund initiated remediation of 163 unregulated municipal landfills in 2004; 154 mil EUR (grant) planned for allocation for the period 2004-2010.

  • The Fund plans to allocate 57 mil EUR for energy efficiency and renewable energy sources projects for the period 2005-2008.

  • Development of remediation programmes for past pollution (previous industrial sites)

  • Development of a new financing system for packaging waste management (packaging charges)


Achievements in reducing environmental pollution

  • Establishment of the State Network forPermanent Air Quality Monitoring - 8 stations installed out of 22 that are planned to be established by 2007.

    New funding opportunities: ISPA programme

  • Two project applications submitted for ISPA 2005-2006 :

    1. Regional WMC, Šibenik (total 9,6 mil EUR)

    2. Karlovac Water Supply and Sewage Services Development programme (total 36.5 mil EUR)


Achievements in reducing environmental pollution

Economic sector:

  • The first wind power plants of 6 MW are in operation, and contracts for the construction of 22 MW new power plants have been concluded

  • Croatian electricity company HEPhas put into operation a new Gas Combined Cycle Cogeneration Power Plant (GCCCPP) of 200 MW in 2003, and passed a decision on the construction of a new 100 MW GCCCPP to substitute the old capacities powered by heavy fuel oil

  • Revitalisation of several hydro-power plants has been carried out increasing thereby their production

  • Upgrading of oil rafineries in Rijeka and Sisak– 900 mil EUR to be invested by the end of 2009


Achievements in reducing environmental pollution

Contribution through EU technical-financial assistance projects:

  • CARDS 2001 – Municipal Environmental Management Capacity and Infrastructure project (ongoing)

  • CARDS 2002 - Waste Management in Dalmatian Counties (start: end of 2005)

  • LIFE III Third Countries 2002“Upgrading of National Emission Inventory System and Enforcement of its Implementation”(to be finalized by the end of 2005)

  • LIFE III Third Countries 2003 “New PET Collecting and Recycling Scheme in Croatia” (ongoing)


Achievements in reducing environmental pollution

  • LIFE III Third Countries -3 projects approved for 2004

    -Capacity Building for Implementation of the UNFCCC and theKyoto Protocol in the Republic of Croatia;

    -Guidelines Development for Starting Implementation of Waste Management Plan in the Republic of Croatia;

    -Establishing Institutional Capacities for Protection of River Mura Landscape

  • LIFE III Third Countries -4 projects approved for 2005


Achievements in reducing environmental pollution

Projects funded from other sources:

  • UNIDO project “Promotion of biodisel in Croatia”(2002-2005)

  • UNDP/GEF project: "Capacity Building for Improving the Quality of Greenhouse Gas Inventories - to be finalized in 2006

  • UNDP/GEF project Croatia: Climate Change Enabling Activity - to be finalized in 2005


Achievements in reducing environmental pollution

  • Coastal Cities Water Pollution Control Project – (ongoing) a World Bank project: waste water treatment facilities in 177 towns and municipalities on the coast and islands

  • Integrated Ecosystem Management of the Neretva and Trebisnjica River Basin – GEF financed regional project for Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina (in preparatory phase).


Environmental regional cooperation on cross border issues

Continuous activities in line with:

  • the Framework Agreement on the Sava River Basin, International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River

  • Bilateral agreements on water management relations between Croatia and Hungary, Croatia and Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    EU projects on regional, county and local level: INTERREG III B CADSES - Drava River Basin project; INTERREG III A


Environmental regional cooperation on cross border issues

  • Regional workshops within the framework of the Espoo Convention activities (SEE countries)

  • Participation in the development of the Subregional Contingency Plan (MAP/Adriatic Ionian Initiative)

  • Participation in BERCEN /ECENA network of environmental inspectorates


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