Ap us history unit 5
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AP US History Unit 5. Drifting Toward Disunion 1854-1861. Sectionalism Growing. Antislavery movement gains ground in the north in the 1850’s with the publishing of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel on the cruelties of slavery, Uncle Tom’s Cabin .

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Drifting Toward Disunion 1854-1861

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Ap us history unit 5

AP US History

Unit 5

Drifting Toward Disunion1854-1861


Sectionalism growing

Sectionalism Growing

  • Antislavery movement gains ground in the north in the 1850’s with the publishing of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel on the cruelties of slavery, Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

  • Animosity for the north continued to grow in the hearts of the southerners.

  • What influenced Stowe’s writing of Uncle Tom’s Cabin in 1852?


Drifting toward disunion 1854 1861

1854

  • With Stephen Douglas’ Kansas-Nebraska Act, the race to populate the newly created Kansas and Nebraska territories had begun.

  • Thousands of abolitionist northerners and pro-slavery southerners flocked the area to stake their claim and cast their vote.

  • What is popular sovereignty?


1856 bleeding kansas

1856: “Bleeding Kansas”

  • The time has come to organize the territorial legislature for the Kansas territory.

  • “Border Ruffians” from Missouri (pro-slavery) poured in to set up the state government.

  • Abolitionists also sent representatives to Kansas to set up a state government as well.

  • Where was the first major act of violence in the Kansas territory between anti-slavery north and pro-slavery south?


Bleeding kansas continued

“Bleeding Kansas” continued..

  • John Brown; passionate abolitionist

  • Leads a group of men to Pottawatomie Creek in May of 1856

  • Brutally kills 5 men in response to the attack in Lawrence.

  • Was John Brown justified in his retalliation attacks? Why or why not?


Election of 1856

Election of 1856

  • Democrats: James Buchanan

    • Not influenced by Kansas violence

    • Had few enemies

    • Popular Sovereignty

  • Republicans: Capt. John C. Fremont

    • Against the expansion of slavery

    • Roman Catholic

  • American Party aka. Know-Nothing: Millard Fillmore

    • Anti-foreign, anti-catholic

    • Supporter of “natives”

  • What were the results of this election? Why did the northerners cast their votes for the Democrats rather than the anti-slavery Republicans?


Splitting of the democrats

Splitting of the Democrats

  • 1857: Kansas is now ready to become a state

  • Lecompton Constitution

    • Even if Kansans voted down slavery with popular sovereignty, those who currently have slaves there would be protected and could keep them.

    • Loophole of popular sovereignty

    • Supported by President Buchanan

  • How did Stephen Douglas feel about the Lecompton Constitution? Why?


Splitting of the democrats continued

Splitting of the Democrats continued…

  • Example of division: 1856

  • Sen. Charles Sumner of Massachusetts delivers speech “The Crime Against Kansas”

    • Insults southern, pro-slavery states and their representatives; SC in particular (Preston Brooks)

  • May 22, 1856: Preston Brooks enters Sumner’s office and beats him ferociously with his caneuntil it breaks. Sumner in critical condition.

  • What did this attack demonstrate to the country?


Dred scott decision

Dred Scott Decision

  • March 6, 1857 (Scott v. Sanford)

  • Scott, a black slave lived with master for 5 years in Illinois and Wisconsin territory.

  • With the help of abolitionists, sues for his freedom.

  • Chief Justice Roger B Taney (from Md., owned slaves) hands down decision

  • What were four elements of Justice Taney’s decision in this case?


Lincoln douglas debates

Lincoln-Douglas Debates

  • 1858: Senate seat of Illinois

  • Republican: Abraham Lincoln

  • Democrat: Stephen Douglas

  • Lincoln challenges Douglas to a series of 7 debates throughout Illinois from August-October.

  • Most famous debate in Freeport, Ill.

  • What famous question did Lincoln ask Douglas in this debate?


Freeport doctrine

Freeport Doctrine

  • Douglas’ response further tore apart the Democratic party.

  • His answer became known as the “Freeport Doctrine”

  • What was the logic behind Douglas’ Freeport Doctrine?


Results of senate race 1858

Results of Senate Race 1858

  • Stephen Douglas wins the election for the seat in Senate

  • Abraham Lincoln had the moral victory though.

  • How was this a moral victory for Lincoln based on what you know about future events?


Harpers ferry 1859

Harpers Ferry: 1859

  • John Brown devises a scheme to invade a federal arsenal in Virginia and arm hundreds of slaves with weapons and lead a revolt and establish a free state for African-Americans.

  • In the process he and his group kill 7 innocent people.

  • The slaves did not rally as Brown planned and they were captured by the Marine Corp under the leadership of Lt. Col. Robert E. Lee.

  • What was John Brown’s fate for his actions?

  • How did the north view his hanging? The South?


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