Civic participation
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Civic participation. State Counsellor Gisela Erler, EU Workshop, 5.Dezember 2012. Dynamic involvement democracy. Between Habermas and Switzerland. Lobbies. Parties. Associations. New roles for everyone!!!. Experts/ consultants. Those affected directly. Citizens' initiatives.

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Civic participation

State Counsellor Gisela Erler, EU Workshop, 5.Dezember 2012


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

Dynamic involvement democracy.Between Habermas and Switzerland

Lobbies

Parties

Associations

New roles

for everyone!!!

Experts/

consultants

Those affected directly

Citizens' initiatives

Active citizens, "voiceless" citizens, random citizens


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

Scepticism/reservations

  • People do not have enough expert knowledge

  • Legitimation is lacking with civic participation

  • The people do not assume any responsibility

  • The institutions of representative democracy are weakened: no candidates!

  • False expectations are aroused and more frustration generated


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

Why bother?

  • Optimization of decisions

  • Acceptance increased, satisfaction enhanced

  • Lower disenchantment with politics

  • Strengthen interest in common good

  • People demand transparency, are willing to take part and want to have a part in decisions to some extent

  • Digital media are changing expectations and interaction


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

Demand: More direct democracy

Municipality codes:

  • Lower quorums, extend deadlines for referendum

  • Include land use planning

    State Constitution

  • Lower hurdles for signatures

  • Lower quorum from 33 % to x


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

Civic participation ≠ direct democracy

  • Early participation leads to fewer referendums/protest and easier implementation. But : it is no vote!

  • Binding rules for dealing with results needed

  • Establish participationin general state planning law and in special laws

  • Establish right to participation in all policy fieldsschool development, traffic planning, urban planning, health care provision( hospitals) etc. Energy : wind etc.


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

A balance between minority and majority


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

The state government lives participation!

  • North Black Forest National Park

  • FilderDialog S 21

  • State Referendum S 21

  • Model project of “wisdom councils”

  • Alliance for Participation—with cooperation of major foundations

  • Public contest of “Staatsanzeiger” newspaper: 150 applications


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

Participation web-platform

  • Three pillars

    • Information gained through participation

    • Commenting on draft bills in hearings procedure (obligatory)

    • Online consultation (optional)


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

Guidelines for administrarion:

  • Planning guideline (IFOK)

  • "Culture" guideline for state authorities (FüAk)

  • Plus: openingofspecific planning laws

    Goal:

    Very Early participation mandatory binding nature- well founded answers to requests required


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

Qualification

  • On-the-job/continuing eduction of civil servants

    • Expand curricula

    • Developing programmes of study

  • Continuing education in civil society

    • Projects at the state foundation, seat of state government, VHS (adult college), youth associations, unions, etc.


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

Research

  • Research network:A network of research institutes on the topic of democracy and participation

  • Democracy monitoring:Regular, representative polls


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

Freedom of Information ActTransparency


CIVIC PARTICIPATION

Thank you very much.


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