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Roman Republic. Page 7: Rome. Agenda: Finish Greece timeline Rome Notes Homework: Quiz on Monday on Greece and part of Rome. Geography. Rome is located on the peninsula of Italy. The Mediterranean Sea provides transportation and food.

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Page 7 rome
Page 7: Rome

Agenda:

  • Finish Greece timeline

  • Rome Notes

    Homework: Quiz on Monday on Greece and part of Rome


Geography
Geography

  • Rome is located on the peninsula of Italy. The Mediterranean Sea provides transportation and food.

  • Italy provides fertile plains and river valleys for food and easy communication.


Roman religious ideals
Roman Religious Ideals

  • Romans were polytheistic, believing in many gods and spirits.

  • Knowledge of the Greek Gods filtered into Roman culture. This is known as cultural diffusion.

    • The Greek God Zeus became the almighty Roman God Jupiter.

    • The Greek Goddess Hera became the Roman Goddess Juno.


The roman republic
The Roman Republic

  • Rome was founded about 509 BCE. Romans founded a new type of government called a republic. In a republic people chose officials to represent them.

  • The highest form of government in Rome was the Senate. Senators were wealthy landowners (called Patricians.)


The roman republic cont
The Roman Republic Cont…

  • The senators elected two Consuls, whose job it was to run the government and command the army.


Romans valued family ties
Romans Valued Family Ties

  • Roman families were headed by the eldest male. The Romans emphasized discipline, strength, and loyalty.

  • Women had many rights and duties in Roman society. She did not, however have the key right, the right to vote.

  • Officially, the Roman women were expected to remain in the background.


Society was divided into classes
Society was Divided Into Classes

  • Upper class Romans were known as patricians. These people held nearly all the important political offices.

  • Common framers, artisans, and merchants were known as plebeians.

  • These two classes were based on birth alone. The line between the two classes was extremely rigid.


Rome built a mighty army
Rome Built a Mighty Army

  • Both patricians and plebeians lead double lives as farmers and soldiers because of the constant threat of war.

  • All male citizens were required to serve in the army, and no one could hold public office until he served 10 years as a soldier.


Rome built a mighty army1
Rome Built a Mighty Army

  • Massive military units were called legions. Which consisted of:

    • Infantry: 4,000-6,000 Heavily armed foot soldiers.

    • Cavalry: Smaller groups on horseback that assisted the infantry.

    • Each legion was divided into 60 smaller groups called a century.


A fight with carthage
A Fight with Carthage

  • By 270 BC Rome had conquered all of Italy. They went on to control northern Africa (Carthage), Greece and parts of Asia Minor. But the expansion also led to much corruption.



Julius caesar
Julius Caesar

  • Caesar came to power in 48 BCE. Under Julius Caesar Rome conquered many lands.

  • Caesar also reformed the government, founded libraries and planned public work projects.


Caesar murdered
Caesar Murdered

  • Caesar was murdered in 44BCE by a group of Roman aristocrats who feared his power and did not want a dictator.


Augustus
Augustus

  • After Julius Caesar died, his grandnephew, Octavian (Augustus) took over.

  • Augustus ruled with absolute power. This began the Roman Empire period during which Rome was ruled by a series of emperors.



  • Solid about 200 years. This was referred to as the paved roads were built to assist trade and communication around the empire. Many still exist today.


  • Roman aqueducts about 200 years. This was referred to as the were incredible works of engineering and architecture.

  • The aqueducts could carry up to 300 million gallons of water to the city of Rome every day.



The colosseum
The more grand and heavy. Colosseum


Cultural contributions
Cultural Contributions more grand and heavy.

  • Roman poets, historians and philosophers like Virgil and Tacitus wrote works in Latin that survive to this day.

  • Latin is the root of several modern languages.

  • Roman numerals can also be seen in many places today.


Legal contributions
Legal Contributions more grand and heavy.

  • The most valued contribution of the Romans to the world was the Twelve Tablesof written laws.

  • The Roman legal system provided security for the empire, equality under the law, the right to a defense and to be considered innocent until proven guilty.

  • The Roman legal system inspired legal principles still practiced around the world today.


Decline and fall
Decline and Fall more grand and heavy.

  • Rome wasn’t built in a day and it took a long time to decline. Eventually the emperor Diocletian divided the empire into eastern and western empires.

  • While the western empire fell into chaos and was invaded, the eastern empire survived as a center of trade and culture and became the Byzantine Empire.


Decline and Fall more grand and heavy.

Invasions of

Visigoths and

Germanic tribes

Governmental

Corruption,

People stop

Supporting the

government

Causes of the

Fall of Rome

Heavy taxes,

Shrinking middle

Class,

Not enough

farmers

Population decline

From war and

Famine,

People got lazy


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