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oedipus rex background and dramatic terminology

Oedipus Rex: Background and Dramatic Terminology

Presented by:

Mr. Afram

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=oedipus+and+sphinx&num=10&hl=en&safe=active&gbv=2&biw=1366&bih=635&tbm=isch&tbnid=rYzOKZKXCJT4pM:&imgrefurl=http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Mythology/OedipusAndTheSphinxVatican.html&docid=q1-3Esja4dw0SM&imgurl=http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Mythology/Images/OedipusSphinxV.jpg&w=650&h=660&ei=iKPfTtbdJMOZiQKK0Ij6DQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=449&vpy=141&dur=3474&hovh=226&hovw=223&tx=131&ty=125&sig=101704085474965328697&sqi=2&page=1&tbnh=149&tbnw=149&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=oedipus+and+sphinx&num=10&hl=en&safe=active&gbv=2&biw=1366&bih=635&tbm=isch&tbnid=ayABRACbUpc5aM:&imgrefurl=http://www.canvasreplicas.com/Moreau107.htm&docid=k3BbT8-BN_UxSM&imgurl=http://www.canvasreplicas.com/images/Oedipus%252520and%252520the%252520Sphinx%252520Gustave%252520Moreau.jpg&w=619&h=855&ei=iKPfTtbdJMOZiQKK0Ij6DQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=976&vpy=257&dur=1782&hovh=264&hovw=191&tx=113&ty=221&sig=101704085474965328697&sqi=2&page=1&tbnh=134&tbnw=101&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:20,s:0

table of contents
Table of Contents
  • Sophocles
  • Greek Gods
  • Dramatic Terminology
    • Voice
    • Tone
    • Internal and External Conflict
    • Characterization
    • Monologue
    • Dialogue
    • Soliloquy
  • Essential Questions

Let’s start learning!

sophocles
Sophocles
  • Sophocles was born ~ 497 BC and died ~ 405 BC.
  • He spent most of his life in the city-state of Athens, the capital of modern day Greece.
  • He was considered the greatest playwright of his day.

http://www.squidoo.com/sophocles?utm_source=google&utm_medium=imgres&utm_campaign=framebuster

http://www.travlang.com/blog/acropolis-and-parthenon-historical-masterpiece-of-athens/

sophocles con d
Sophocles, Con’d
  • Sophocles was born into a wealthy, educated family, and his father was a successful armor manufacturer.
  • During his life, Sophocles held several prominent positions in the city-state, and he was one of the highest-ranking officials in the army.

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=ancient+greece+home&hl=en&safe=active&gbv=2&biw=1366&bih=635&tbm=isch&tbnid=W0K1VaBJuOj3tM:&imgrefurl=http://www.mcaonline.ca/maria/shelter.htm&docid=_hFDbJJewOPuwM&imgurl=http://www.mcaonline.ca/maria/images/home1.jpg&w=640&h=395&ei=sKLfTou0OOXciQKrk-W9CA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=747&vpy=157&dur=2843&hovh=176&hovw=286&tx=173&ty=102&sig=101704085474965328697&page=1&tbnh=112&tbnw=181&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=greek+warrior&num=10&hl=en&safe=active&gbv=2&biw=1366&bih=635&tbm=isch&tbnid=MCQNtUH6DjhzUM:&imgrefurl=http://www.thegreekwarriors.com/&docid=9MGNBzfQsij9PM&imgurl=http://www.thegreekwarriors.com/images/560_new-_shot_retouch_2.JPG&w=560&h=420&ei=PKLfTtiOG4mZiQLR9Z30CA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=361&vpy=145&dur=1925&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=149&ty=100&sig=101704085474965328697&sqi=2&page=1&tbnh=125&tbnw=172&start=0&ndsp=26&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0

greek gods
Greek Gods
  • Zeus(13): father of gods; god of sky and thunder
  • Phoebus: reference to Apollo, the sun god
  • Artemis(13): goddess of the hunt; also relieves disease in women
  • Athena(13): goddess of wisdom and courage
  • Ares: god of war
  • Dionysus: god of wine; in Roman: Bacchus

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=dionysus&num=10&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1366&bih=635&tbm=isch&tbnid=Qf269hM-3XA0RM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dionysus&docid=4wH0FanjeqXFUM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Bacchusbycaravaggio.jpeg/220px-Bacchusbycaravaggio.jpeg&w=220&h=252&ei=6KffTsvTOOaQiQKS_7WwCA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=289&vpy=148&dur=1879&hovh=201&hovw=176&tx=91&ty=92&sig=101704085474965328697&sqi=2&page=1&tbnh=139&tbnw=128&start=0&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=athena&num=10&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1366&bih=635&tbm=isch&tbnid=JcPP_n1JQH7WCM:&imgrefurl=http://www.indepthinfo.com/greek-gods/athena.htm&docid=DSR86UqqwpX48M&imgurl=http://www.indepthinfo.com/greek-gods/images/athena.jpg&w=210&h=345&ei=K6jfTprkEueaiQKxxvC5CA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=1116&vpy=245&dur=1222&hovh=276&hovw=168&tx=97&ty=232&sig=101704085474965328697&sqi=2&page=1&tbnh=136&tbnw=82&start=0&ndsp=33&ved=1t:429,r:32,s:0

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=artemis&num=10&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1366&bih=635&tbm=isch&tbnid=hsCBCXiJp9fZlM:&imgrefurl=http://www.behindthename.com/name/artemis&docid=L_HVIIDDVs0t3M&imgurl=http://www.behindthename.com/imagebank/images/artemis.jpg&w=314&h=440&ei=cajfTrGfMvHJiQLlrPnDCw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=762&vpy=125&dur=481&hovh=235&hovw=168&tx=72&ty=123&sig=101704085474965328697&sqi=2&page=1&tbnh=141&tbnw=101&start=0&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0

voice
Voice
  • Definition: Voice is the character or personality of an individual

How would you describe

Tiresias’ voice?

slide7
Tone
  • Definition: Tone refers to the overall effect of a passage of literature. This generally occurs through the use of diction (word choice).
  • What’s the tone?
      • As Trudy walked her dog, Fluffy, she slipped and fell face-down in a pile of mud. As Trudy stumbled out of the puddle, Fluffy noticed a rabbit and darted after the furry creature. While Fluffy dragged her owner with the leash, Trudy wondered if she’d survive the morning.

Fluffy

internal conflict
Internal Conflict
  • Definition: a struggle which occurs within a character’s mind
  • Examples:
    • Should Tiresias tell the truth and admit that he knows that Oedipus is the murderer?
    • Should Jocasta admit that she and Laius left their son to die in the wilderness?

Jocasta, World’s Best Mother

external conflict
External Conflict
  • Definition: a struggle that occurs between a character and an outside force
  • Example:
      • Oedipus and Creon argue about whether Creon is trying to usurp the throne from Oedipus.

Oedipus and Creon arguing

characterization
Characterization
  • Definition: the portrayal or motivation of a particular character
  • Example:
      • What is the characterization of Oedipus?

Oedipus with Jocasta

monologue
Monologue
  • Definition: an extended, uninterrupted speech in which the individual addresses another individual
  • Example:

Early in the play, the Priest gives an extended speech, or monologue.

In the beginning of the play,

what’s the purpose

of the Priest’s monologue?

dialogue
Dialogue
  • Definition: a conversation between two or more characters
  • Example:

Oedipus: “Everything you say is the same – riddles, obscurities.

Tiresias: Aren’t you the best man alive at guessing riddles” (26)?

www.post-gazette.com

Oedipus arguing with Tiresias

soliloquy
Soliloquy
  • Definition: when a character talks to him or herself, as though he/she were alone
  • Example: The greatest example of soliloquy is Hamlet’s famous “to be or not to be” speech.

Sir Lawrence Olivier as Hamlet

essential questions
Essential Questions
  • How do my choices influence my life?
  • How do I make good choices?
  • Who are positive influences on me? Who are negative influences?
  • What do characters teach me about choices?

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=zeus+statue&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1366&bih=635&tbm=isch&tbnid=ksRRkWQvAP2mhM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_Zeus_at_Olympia&docid=vdviYvjrvdMbgM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/17/Zeus_Hermitage_St._Petersburg_20021009.jpg/220px-Zeus_Hermitage_St._Petersburg_20021009.jpg&w=220&h=345&ei=t6nfTsGpJYjUiALk9I3TCA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=319&vpy=110&dur=1080&hovh=276&hovw=176&tx=74&ty=156&sig=101704085474965328697&page=1&tbnh=138&tbnw=88&start=0&ndsp=26&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0

http://www.google.com/imgres?q=apollo&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1366&bih=635&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=4W6SS4cMlJVhvM:&imgrefurl=http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Arts/ApolloBel.htm&docid=Ba_1w5kyEG54MM&imgurl=http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Mythology/RM/ApolloNymphsGirardon.jpg&w=404&h=300&ei=_6nfTvz6PIGriQKf4vnKCA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=801&vpy=311&dur=10396&hovh=193&hovw=261&tx=122&ty=104&sig=101704085474965328697&page=1&tbnh=141&tbnw=188&start=0&ndsp=26&ved=1t:429,r:15,s:0

works cited
Works Cited

Dean, Nancy. Voice Lessons. Gainesville:

Maupin House, 2000. Print.

"Soliloquy." Dictionary.com. 2011. Web. 7

Dec. 2011. <www.dictionary.com>.

Sophocles. Oedipus Rex. New York: Dover Publications, 1991. Print.

"Sophocles." Wikipedia. 6 Dec. 2011. Web. 7 Dec. 2011.

<www.wikipedia.org>.

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