Change in england
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CHANGE IN ENGLAND. ENGLAND UNDER HENRY VIII. BASIC FACTS:. Henry VIII(8 th ) 2 nd king of the Tudor dynasty 2 nd son to Henry VII (7 th ) 1 st son Arthur died 18yrs old when he became king in 1509 Smart, good looking, athletic, big eater/drinker

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CHANGE IN ENGLAND

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Change in england

CHANGE IN ENGLAND

ENGLAND UNDER HENRY VIII


Basic facts

BASIC FACTS:

  • Henry VIII(8th)

    • 2nd king of the Tudor dynasty

    • 2nd son to Henry VII (7th)

    • 1st son Arthur died

  • 18yrs old when he became king in 1509

  • Smart, good looking, athletic, big eater/drinker

  • Married Catherine of Aragon (Brother’s widow)(Daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain)


By 1527 henry 36yrs has a big problem

BY 1527 HENRY (36yrs) HAS A BIG PROBLEM

  • Henry has only one kid

    • 1516 Mary (GIRL!)

  • Believed he needed a son to inherit the English crown and prevent another civil war like the War of the Roses

  • SOLUTION: Get a divorce (or annulment from the Pope)-have the marriage declared illegal


Change in england

So……………………………

  • 1527 – Henry asks the Pope to grant him an annulment

  • Pope’s response: “NO!”

    • Pressured by Charles V (Holy Roman Emperor) because Catherine is his aunt


Change in england

  • 1529 – Henry decides to take things into his own hands

    • Calls Parliament

    • Parliament passes several laws that strip the Pope of any power in England

    • Parliament legalized Henry VIII’s divorce to Catherine


Change in england

  • 1533 – Henry is divorced and married Anne Boleyn (20 yrs old)

    • Anne has a baby—EGADS!!!!! – A GIRL! (Elizabeth)

    • No sons

  • Henry decides he needs to get rid of Anne, HOW?

    • Accuses Anne of treason and adultery

    • Placed in the prison tower and beheaded by 1536


Change in england

  • 1534-Henry with the help of Parliament passed the ACT OF SUPREMACY (King is the head of the Church in England, NOT the Pope)

  • The new Church of England (1534-on):

    • King or Queen is the head of the church

    • Catholic church’s money/land now part of the royal treasury

    • Catholic church’s land is sold to nobles and middle class

    • Service basically the same (no changes in rituals and doctrine)

    • Thomas More beheaded – refused to take oath to be loyal to King and not the Pope


Henry viii s marriages

HENRY VIII’S MARRIAGES:


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