iter pathway any use to you
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
ITER pathway: Any use to you?

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

ITER pathway: Any use to you? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 164 Views
  • Uploaded on

ITER pathway: Any use to you?. J Jacquinot, Barcelona, 18 Sept. 09. ITER. Synopsis. What is ITER? History – Key milestones Key points for obtaining project approval Pro’s and Con’s of the international pathway.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' ITER pathway: Any use to you?' - gasha


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
iter pathway any use to you
ITER pathway:Any use to you?

J Jacquinot, Barcelona, 18 Sept. 09

ITER

JJ, Summer Event, 21July 2009

synopsis
Synopsis
  • What is ITER?
  • History – Key milestones
  • Key points for obtaining project approval
  • Pro’s and Con’s of the international pathway

NB: Astronomy has a considerable experience in joint programmes. In fact, there is much more to learn from you…

JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009

what is iter
What is ITER?
  • Demonstrate fusion  500 MW, Q=10
      • Size threshold beyond the capability of a single organisation
  • Requires the construction of a large instrument:
    • Construction: 500 M€ for 10 years
    • Operation: for 20 years
  • Challenges:
    • Scientific  burning plasma
    • Broad range of technologies  Supra, materials, mechanical, measurements etc.
    • Organisational
      • Independent ITER Organisation as UNESCO, UN
      • In-kind procurements via domestic agencies
  • 7 full partners, 35 countries
    • EU (host), China, India, Korea (south), Japan, Russia, USA
    • Site: Cadarache, France  big deal!
    • IO ratified by Treaty (end 2006)

JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009

slide4
ITER

ITER

JET

TS

R (m)

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

1

0

Homo sapiens sapiens

Engineering Construction Exploitation

1990 2006 2015 2035

  • Size: 2 x JET
  • Power: 500 MW
  • Power Gain : 10
  • - demonstrate D/T burning
  • Tritium breeding blanket
  • Flexibility  optimize DEMO parameters

JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009

iter major phases
ITER: major phases

1985-86JET/TFTR results then proposal in summits:

Gorbatchev-Mitterand-Reagan-Tanaka.

1988-90Conceptual design under IAEA: Europe, Japan, URSS, USA.

1992-2001Detailed engineering design and prototyping:

Objectives : 1.5 GW - 1000 s, then0.5 GW - 400 s/ CW

R&D investments ~ 800 millions Euros.

USA withdraws in 1998 then back in 2003!

From 2002 : Negotiations : Russia, Japan, European Union, (Canada) then, since 2003, USA, China , South Korea

Statutes, organisation, funding and site selection

Broader approach by EU and Japan (ITER, materials, physics progr.)

From 2006 :

Organisations on 3 levels :

International – partners - French

India becomes a full member

24 October 2007 :

Treaty signed by all parties

IO starts  Today 450 people on site

JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009

iter sharing costs
ITER: Sharing costs

Euratom

Local authorities

(~10%)

State/CEA (~4%)

Construction / 10 years / 4,7 G€

Euratom (~6%)

9 %

46 %

9 %

9 %

9 %

9 %

9 %

Note: no partner holds an absolute majority

Operation & dismantling/ 20 years / 5,7 G€

34 %

13 %

13 %

10 %

10 %

10 %

10 %

JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009

supply in kind
Supply in kind

Each domestic agency supplies part of the machine ‘In kind’

90% of the machine is obtained this way

Jean Jacquinot,, Cité du Livre 28 mai 2009

key points 1
Key points (1)
  • A visionary objective and a successful scientific precedent
    • Preferably at the international level (for ITER: JET
  • Project backed by the entire scientific community
    • Established networks (for ITER: IAEA, IEA, Euratom)
    • Preparations by a design team under a legal umbrella (for ITER: IAEA)
      • Periodic reviews (~ 2 per year)
    • Then construction/operation by an independent legal entity
    • Built in flexibility for novel ideas
  • Opportunistic steering committee
    • Grab windows of opportunities (they are short lived!)
    • Steady progress. Never risk a NO  may require many small steps

JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009

key points 2
Key points (2)
  • Win-Win agreement
    • Fair return on each partner’s investment (for ITER: In-kind proc.)
    • Compensation if required (for ITER: EU/Japan broader approach)
    • Intellectual property rights (A lawyer’s delight, a nightmare for you!, problem of underlying technology)
  • Financing
    • Consider financing input by local authorities
    • NO pinching budget at the expense of other scientific endeavours!
    • Note: total resources for the field should increase after approval

 Synergistic effect (for EU fusion budget doubled!)

pitfalls
Pitfalls
  • Long, long process!
  • Political choices of IO management
    • Instability (avoided if treaty based)
    • Often inadequate
  • Multiplication of interfaces
    • Technical risks
    • Cost and delay overrun
  • Draw experience from precedents
    • Yours…
    • ITER, JET, ATLAS experiment in CERN
    • A380 (?)

JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009

slide11

Euratom Fusion Associations (26)

Joint construction of JET (1978)

  • Euratom - CEA (1958)
  • France
  • Euratom – ENEA (1960)
  • Italy (incl. Malta)
  • Euratom - IPP (1961)
  • Germany
  • Euratom - FOM (1962)
  • The Netherlands
  • Euratom - FZJ (1962)
  • Germany
  • Euratom - Belgian State Belgium(1969)
  • (incl. Luxembourg)
  • Euratom - RISØ (1973)
  • Denmark
  • Euratom – UKAEA (1973)
  • United Kingdom
  • Euratom - VR (1976)
  • Sweden
  • Euratom - Conf. Suisse
  • Switzerland (1979)
  • Euratom - FZK (1982)
  • Germany
  • Euratom –CIEMAT (1986)Spain
  • Euratom – IST (1990)
  • Portugal
  • Euratom - TEKES (1995)
  • Finland (incl. Estonia)
  • Euratom - DCU (1996)Ireland
  • Euratom - ÖAW (1996)
  • Austria
  • Eur -Hellenic Rep (1999) Greece (incl. Cyprus)
  • Euratom - IPP.CR (1999)
  • Czech Rep.
  • Euratom - HAS (1999)
  • Hungary
  • Euratom – MEdC (1999)Romania
  • Euratom – Univ. Latvia Latvia(2002)
  • Euratom - IPPLM (2005)
  • Poland
  • Euratom - MHEST (2005)
  • Slovenia
  • Euratom – CU (2007)
  • Slovakia
  • Euratom – INRNE (2007)
  • Bulgaria
  • Euratom – LEI (2007)
  • Lithuania

JJ, Summer Event, 21July 2009

slide12

ITER and the broader approach UE/Japan

ITER

B.A.

JT60-SA

47%

IFERC

31%

IFMIF-EVEDA

22%

~5 billions €

~0,68 billions €

JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009

12

in summary
In summary

Be prepared for a long road with ups and downs

Vision - Network – WinWin (fair return) – Visibility – Spin off

Organisation: may be very complex

  • Scientifically: stimulating and efficient
    •  Would do it again!

JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009

ad