Iter pathway any use to you
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ITER pathway: Any use to you?. J Jacquinot, Barcelona, 18 Sept. 09. ITER. Synopsis. What is ITER? History – Key milestones Key points for obtaining project approval Pro’s and Con’s of the international pathway.

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Iter pathway any use to you

ITER pathway:Any use to you?

J Jacquinot, Barcelona, 18 Sept. 09

ITER

JJ, Summer Event, 21July 2009


Synopsis

Synopsis

  • What is ITER?

  • History – Key milestones

  • Key points for obtaining project approval

  • Pro’s and Con’s of the international pathway

NB: Astronomy has a considerable experience in joint programmes. In fact, there is much more to learn from you…

JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009


What is iter

What is ITER?

  • Demonstrate fusion  500 MW, Q=10

    • Size threshold beyond the capability of a single organisation

  • Requires the construction of a large instrument:

    • Construction: 500 M€ for 10 years

    • Operation: for 20 years

  • Challenges:

    • Scientific  burning plasma

    • Broad range of technologies  Supra, materials, mechanical, measurements etc.

    • Organisational

      • Independent ITER Organisation as UNESCO, UN

      • In-kind procurements via domestic agencies

  • 7 full partners, 35 countries

    • EU (host), China, India, Korea (south), Japan, Russia, USA

    • Site: Cadarache, France  big deal!

    • IO ratified by Treaty (end 2006)

  • JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009


    Iter pathway any use to you

    ITER

    ITER

    JET

    TS

    R (m)

    0

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    1

    0

    Homo sapiens sapiens

    Engineering Construction Exploitation

    1990 2006 2015 2035

    • Size: 2 x JET

    • Power: 500 MW

    • Power Gain : 10

    • - demonstrate D/T burning

    • Tritium breeding blanket

    • Flexibility  optimize DEMO parameters

    JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009


    Iter major phases

    ITER: major phases

    1985-86JET/TFTR results then proposal in summits:

    Gorbatchev-Mitterand-Reagan-Tanaka.

    1988-90Conceptual design under IAEA: Europe, Japan, URSS, USA.

    1992-2001Detailed engineering design and prototyping:

    Objectives : 1.5 GW - 1000 s, then0.5 GW - 400 s/ CW

    R&D investments ~ 800 millions Euros.

    USA withdraws in 1998 then back in 2003!

    From 2002 :Negotiations : Russia, Japan, European Union, (Canada) then, since 2003, USA, China , South Korea

    Statutes, organisation, funding and site selection

    Broader approach by EU and Japan (ITER, materials, physics progr.)

    From 2006 :

    Organisations on 3 levels :

    International – partners - French

    India becomes a full member

    24 October 2007 :

    Treaty signed by all parties

    IO starts  Today 450 people on site

    JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009


    Iter sharing costs

    ITER: Sharing costs

    Euratom

    Local authorities

    (~10%)

    State/CEA (~4%)

    Construction / 10 years / 4,7 G€

    Euratom (~6%)

    9 %

    46 %

    9 %

    9 %

    9 %

    9 %

    9 %

    Note: no partner holds an absolute majority

    Operation & dismantling/ 20 years / 5,7 G€

    34 %

    13 %

    13 %

    10 %

    10 %

    10 %

    10 %

    JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009


    Supply in kind

    Supply in kind

    Each domestic agency supplies part of the machine ‘In kind’

    90% of the machine is obtained this way

    Jean Jacquinot,, Cité du Livre 28 mai 2009


    Key points 1

    Key points (1)

    • A visionary objective and a successful scientific precedent

      • Preferably at the international level (for ITER: JET

    • Project backed by the entire scientific community

      • Established networks (for ITER: IAEA, IEA, Euratom)

      • Preparations by a design team under a legal umbrella (for ITER: IAEA)

        • Periodic reviews (~ 2 per year)

      • Then construction/operation by an independent legal entity

      • Built in flexibility for novel ideas

    • Opportunistic steering committee

      • Grab windows of opportunities (they are short lived!)

      • Steady progress. Never risk a NO  may require many small steps

    JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009


    Key points 2

    Key points (2)

    • Win-Win agreement

      • Fair return on each partner’s investment (for ITER: In-kind proc.)

      • Compensation if required (for ITER: EU/Japan broader approach)

      • Intellectual property rights (A lawyer’s delight, a nightmare for you!, problem of underlying technology)

    • Financing

      • Consider financing input by local authorities

      • NO pinching budget at the expense of other scientific endeavours!

      • Note: total resources for the field should increase after approval

         Synergistic effect (for EU fusion budget doubled!)


    Pitfalls

    Pitfalls

    • Long, long process!

    • Political choices of IO management

      • Instability (avoided if treaty based)

      • Often inadequate

    • Multiplication of interfaces

      • Technical risks

      • Cost and delay overrun

    • Draw experience from precedents

      • Yours…

      • ITER, JET, ATLAS experiment in CERN

      • A380 (?)

    JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009


    Iter pathway any use to you

    Euratom Fusion Associations (26)

    Joint construction of JET (1978)

    • Euratom - CEA (1958)

    • France

    • Euratom – ENEA (1960)

    • Italy (incl. Malta)

    • Euratom - IPP (1961)

    • Germany

    • Euratom - FOM (1962)

    • The Netherlands

    • Euratom - FZJ (1962)

    • Germany

    • Euratom - Belgian State Belgium(1969)

    • (incl. Luxembourg)

    • Euratom - RISØ (1973)

    • Denmark

    • Euratom – UKAEA (1973)

    • United Kingdom

    • Euratom - VR (1976)

    • Sweden

    • Euratom - Conf. Suisse

    • Switzerland (1979)

    • Euratom - FZK (1982)

    • Germany

    • Euratom –CIEMAT (1986)Spain

    • Euratom – IST (1990)

    • Portugal

    • Euratom - TEKES (1995)

    • Finland (incl. Estonia)

    • Euratom - DCU (1996)Ireland

    • Euratom - ÖAW (1996)

    • Austria

    • Eur -Hellenic Rep (1999) Greece (incl. Cyprus)

    • Euratom - IPP.CR (1999)

    • Czech Rep.

    • Euratom - HAS (1999)

    • Hungary

    • Euratom – MEdC (1999)Romania

    • Euratom – Univ. Latvia Latvia(2002)

    • Euratom - IPPLM (2005)

    • Poland

    • Euratom - MHEST (2005)

    • Slovenia

    • Euratom – CU (2007)

    • Slovakia

    • Euratom – INRNE (2007)

    • Bulgaria

    • Euratom – LEI (2007)

    • Lithuania

    JJ, Summer Event, 21July 2009


    Iter pathway any use to you

    ITER and the broader approach UE/Japan

    ITER

    B.A.

    JT60-SA

    47%

    IFERC

    31%

    IFMIF-EVEDA

    22%

    ~5 billions €

    ~0,68 billions €

    JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009

    12


    In summary

    In summary

    Be prepared for a long road with ups and downs

    Vision - Network – WinWin (fair return) – Visibility – Spin off

    Organisation: may be very complex

    • Scientifically: stimulating and efficient

      •  Would do it again!

    JJ, Exoplanet meeting, Barcelona 18 Sept. 2009


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