ASER : Measure | Analyze | Communicate | Change. From Education to Learning: Using evidence to catalyze change. In English, ASER stands for Annual Status of Education Report . In Hindi, ASER means impact . . Overview. Evolution: How was ASER born?
Measure | Analyze | Communicate | Change
Evolution: How was ASER born?
Design: What are the key elements of ASER?
Findings: What does ASER find?
Impact: What difference have we made?
Since 1996, Pratham has been working with children who were “left out” (out of school) or “left behind” (in-school but lagging behind)
While it was relatively easy to bring children to school, bringing children to their appropriate age-grade level of learning was much harder
Challenge was bring learning to centre of stage at micro & policy level. How? Address and alleviate progress & equity
What could we do at ground level?
Simple tool useful for instruction and assessment. Helpful in engaging parents and teachers about what to do.
Grade 1 level text
Grade 2 level text
Big meeting in village to discuss hamlet & village education report card.
Attended by parents, villagers, village committee members, headmaster and teachers :
100-150 people attend especially if the hamlet level discussions have been held well
Discussion in small groups in each hamlet :
Track measurable changes in children’s learning & in school functioning
Agree on next steps…
On what can be done in village
Local people help in making the hamlet report card.
Report card focuses on whether child goes to school & on whether child can read simple text and do basic arithmetic
“Demo” class run in the village for 4-5 days to show how children can learn to read quickly
based on evidence
ENGAGE AND EVALUATE
1. What to measure?
Sample size is 600,000 - 700,000 children each year
About half of all children will complete primary school without learning to read fluently.
48% children can read at Std 2 level
24% can read at Std 1 level
Huge implications for instruction & equity. Urgent corrective action needed.
13% can read letters & less
14% can read words
Reading level Std 5 in India
India is in a “big stuck”. Learning levels are not improving.
What are we doing year on year to move children from the current level towards the “desired” level of basic reading?
% Children in Grade 3 to 5 who can read Grade 2 level text
Actual current level
Source : ASER 2006-2011
ASER type rapid assessment is a good place to start in countries and contexts where outcomes orientation, evidence based analysis and planning are not used widely.
There are big challenges at the macro level and at the micro level
within India and internationally:
Govt. is still focused on inputs and access rather than outcomes. No culture or capacity for measurement or evidence.
Governments need to move their mindset from policy based in ideology to focusing on practice according to “what works”.
Teachers to need to have access to easy and do-able tools to measure the learning levels of their children and to straightforward strategies of improving learning outcomes in real time.
Many parents have not been to school themselves, yet they understand the importance of schooling. Now, the big challenge is that illiterate parents need to participate in the journey for universal learning.
Biggest resource and biggest challenge is how to make the educated people in the community and country united together to work to ensure that every child is in school and learning well.