Creating the Constitution. Unit 2 Part III Chapter 5. Articles of Confederation. the first constitution. In 1777, the Continental Congress drafted the original constitution for the union of the states. This constitution was known as the Articles of Confederation.
Unit 2 Part III
the first constitution
Congress chosen by state legislatures
Each state had 1 vote
No executive branch
Only had power to declare and conduct war and to manage negotiations with foreign and Indian nations.
Unanimous vote needed to change the Articles.
Farmers in Massachusetts were hurt because of taxes.
Farmers were in debt and owed money.
They were facing foreclosure, so they took up arms to block foreclosure hearings.
This rebellion was led by Daniel Shay and known as Shays Rebellion.
This event leads the country into thinking the Articles will not work and a stronger national government was needed.
Confederation needs new ideas on how government should run
Many wanted a republic – rule through elected representatives
Some fear democracy – government by the people directly
Should we use unicameral (one-house) legislature or bicameral (two-house) legislature
Most states wanted bicameral
STATES DIDN’T WANT TO GIVE GOVERNMENT TOO MUCH POWER
The Constitution rests on 6 principles:
Legislative; makes law (Congress)
Executive; enforces law (President)
Judicial; interprets law (Supreme Court)
President – has veto power
Congress – can override veto w/ a 2/3 vote
Supreme Court – can declare bills passed by Congress and signed by the President unconstitutional