Clauses. Oops! I think you have the wrong clause!. What is the difference between a phrase and a clause ?. A phrase is a group of words, while a clause is a word group that contains a verb and its subject . A clause can be used as a sentence or as part of a sentence.
Oops! I think you have the wrong clause!
SOMEclauses will express complete thoughts (these are called independent, or main,clauses).
SOME clauses will NOTexpress complete thoughts (these are called subordinate, or dependent, clauses).
When a sentence includes an independent clause and a subordinate clause, it is a __________ sentence.
*Underline the subordinating clause in each sentence.
Once the room is finished, we will buy new furniture for it.
Did you see the woman, whose entire family was killed, on the Biggest Loser?
The book that I read yesterday was about World War II.
Don’t forget to wipe your shoes before you step on the carpet.
(Note: The clauses may be at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of the sentence.)
The adjective clause modifies a noun or a pronoun.
Note the difference between the following:
ADJECTIVE: the blonde woman
ADJECTIVE PHRASE: the woman with blonde hair
ADJECTIVE CLAUSE: the woman who has blonde hair
An adjective clause is usually introduced by a _________ _________.
The prizes went to students who had scored the most points.
This is the system that works best for me.
The boy whose dog won received a ribbon.
Do you remember the time when I lost my book? (modifies time)
BE CAREFUL—MANY TIMES WE LEAVE OFF THE RELATIVE PRONOUN WHEN WE SPEAK
Examples: (Can you tell what was left out?)
I haven’t seen the souvenirs she bought in Mexico.
A boy I know is the drummer for the band we saw in concert.
ADVERB:He fell down.
ADVERB PHRASE: He fell down the hill.
ADVERB CLAUSE: When he fell down, he hurt his knee.
An adverb clause is a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, adjective, or an adverb.
where you sit
When winter sets in, many animals hibernate.
You may sit wherever you wish. (tells )
when animals hibernate
Meg looks as though she has seen a ghost.
how Meg looks
Josh is happy because he has a new job.
why Josh is happy
Ty can run faster than Matt can. (tells )
how much faster
to what extent
If Cailyn is not sick, we will go to the fair.
under what conditions we will go
Note: When a sentence begins with an adverb clause, it is followed by a comma, but if the clause is at the end of the sentence, you do not need a comma to separate it from the independent clause. When the clause is in the middle of the sentence, you may or may not need to set it off with commas (one before, and one after).
Common Subordinating Conjunctions
after as though since when
although because so that whenever
as before than where
as if how though wherever
as long as if unless whether
as soon as in order that until while
Common Introductory Words for Noun Clauses
what whetherwhoever why
That she was only sixteen was a secret at the party. ________
We suddenly remembered who she was. _______________
The judges gave whoever participated a ribbon. ____________
I was amazed by how tall the building was. _______________
object of prep.
A stuffed animal was what Mary was trying to win. ____________________
Since none of us owned bikes, we decided to rent some. __________
The man who rented us the bikes was helpful. ____________________
We were in trouble when Garrett’s bike got a flat tire. _______________
How we would repair it became the topic of a heated discussion. ____________________
We decided to take the bike to whatever bike shop was nearest us.
The thing that worried us was getting our money back for fixing it. __________________
When we returned our bikes, we showed the man the receipt.
He refunded us the money we had spent to fix the tire. ____________________
adjective clause (the word “that” was left off)