The norwegian ferrybox network and stakeholder needs
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The Norwegian Ferrybox network and stakeholder needs. Norwegian Institute for Water Research Henning Wehde large group of people in NIVA contributing to monitoring activities. Geomor-NIVA. NIVA-group: 240 NIVA: 192 Akvaplan-niva: 43 Geomor-NIVA: 5. NIVA-Tech AS.

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The Norwegian Ferrybox network and stakeholder needs

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The norwegian ferrybox network and stakeholder needs

The Norwegian Ferrybox networkand stakeholder needs

Norwegian Institute for Water Research

Henning Wehde

large group of people in NIVA contributing to monitoring activities


The norwegian ferrybox network and stakeholder needs

Geomor-NIVA

NIVA-group: 240

NIVA: 192

Akvaplan-niva: 43

Geomor-NIVA: 5

NIVA-Tech AS

Subsidiary in Tromsø:

Subsidiary in Gdansk:

NIVA’s regional offices:

- Trondheim- Hamar - Bergen - Grimstad

Subsidiary in Stokholm:

Trondheim

”AquaBiota AB”

University for Env. &

Bio-sciences

Marine research station Solbergstrand


Outline

Outline

  • Stakeholder needs

  • The Ferrybox network in Norwegian waters and additional monitoring activities

  • Data dissemination and web portals

  • Conclusions


Stakeholder needs

Stakeholder needs

  • Knowledge on supply of pollutants and undesired species

  • Concentration and transport within the norwegian waters

  • Monitoring of algal blooms, eutrophication and particles

  • Air pollution

  • Supply of pollutants from Oil and gas industry


Stakeholder needs i

Stakeholder needs I

  • Discharges and transport of pollutants to norwegian waters from all possible sources

    • From land and rivers

    • From air national and international

    • Long transported

    • Oil and gas industry

    • Shiptrafik

    • Natural discharges from the bottom

    • Suspension/Resuspension of sediments


Stakeholder needs ii

Stakeholder needs II

  • Long term monitoring environment quality for coastal areas (WFD)

  • Algal concentrations and changes in species composition

  • Nutrients

  • Soft and hardbottom fauna

  • hydrography


The ferrybox network in norwegian waters

The Ferrybox network in Norwegian waters


Ferrybox in norwegian waters

Ferrybox in Norwegian waters

Norbjørn, NIVA/Akvaplan-niva

Trollfjord, NIVA/Akvaplan-niva

Vesterålen, IMR

Norønna,

NIVA/FRS/ Univ. Rhode Island

Bergensfjord,

NIVA

Color Fantasy,

NIVA

Lysbris,

GKSS/NIVA


Circulation variability ferrybox nor nna

Circulation variability Ferrybox Norönna

Two months

sailings from

Denmark

Temperature °C

.indicate 100km intervals


Niva s standard system example from color fantasy oslo kiel

Separate water intake and outlet

4 meters depth

Pump-Axflow 2l/min

Pressostat control

ISCO water sampler (24/14 L bottles)

Remotely or fixed positions

Wet sensor closet(s)

Measurements - one minute

Electronics closet

Com (RS232) port server with LAN communication (under testing)

PC with Internet or GPRS comm.

LAN communication to deck

Labview software

NIVA’s standard system Example from Color Fantasy (Oslo-Kiel)

Color Fantasy (and Trollfjord) has a

small laboratory for testing of new sensors,

work underway (Freezer, filtr. unit e.g.)


Instruments and sensors

Temp-Inlet (SBE31)

Temp/salinity (SBE45)

Oxygen (Optode, AADI)

Turbidity (Polymetron)

Chl-a_Fl (TriOS)

Phycocyanin (TriOS)

CDOM (TriOS)

Cleaning

Air-pressure cleaning - harbour

Weekly manually cleaning

Instruments and sensors


Deck sensors satellite validation and atmosphere optical properties

Downwelling irradiance

Downwelling radiance

Air pressure

Upwelling radiance

Irradiance and UV sensor from TRiOS

Two (port and starboard) downwelling TriOS radiance Ramses sensors

Two (port and starboard) upwelling TRiOS Ramses sensors

Deck sensors Satellite validation and atmosphere optical properties


Scanning infrared sea surface temperature radiometer sister

Scanning Infrared Sea surface Temperature Radiometer - SISTeR

Skin SST

  • 3 narrow-band filters centred at 3.7µm, 10.8µm and 12.0µm

  • can differ significantly from the bulk SST especially during the day and at low wind speeds.

  • Upwelling radiances from the sea surface

  • downwelling sky radiances and precipitation for correcting for emissivity of the sea surface


Sensors under testing or under consideration

Sensors under testing or under consideration

Analysator for PO4, NO3, SiO2

Optical sensor for oil (PAH)

Optical sensor for CO2

Optical sensor for NO3

pCO2 systems

Passive samplers, e.g. SPMD or DGT Test in 2009

  • Others:

  • Radioactivity

  • pH


The norwegian ferrybox network and stakeholder needs

Nuka Arctica – ship-mounted ADCP since 1999

RDI ADCP – 75kHz

Nearly 50 sections in total (1999-2002):

South ~59°N

North ~61°N

Iceland

Collaboration with the Univ. of Bergen


Examples of application

Examples of Application

Monitoring and satellite product validation


Oslofjord monitoring program

Sampling from Ferrybox

Oslofjord monitoring program

Chl-a

(mg/m3)

Sampling from traditional research cruises

JanFebMarApr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Des


Validation of satellite chlorophyll by ferrybox data february 2008

Validation of satellite chlorophyll by Ferrybox data - February 2008


The norwegian ferrybox network and stakeholder needs

Phytoplankton Spring bloom in 2007

captured by MS Color Festival

Oslo

60N

59N

Mar

58N

Feb

Chl-a

[mg/m3]

Fredrikshavn

Jan


National monitoring programs

National monitoring programs


Acid rain sn

Acid rain (SN)


Long transported air pollution

Long transported air pollution

  • Sampling in water to get estimates of deposition

  • 80 lakes with annual sampling

  • 7 stations with weekly sampling

  • 2 rivers with monthly sampling


Rid riverine input and direct discharges to norwegian coastal waters

RIDRiverine input and direct discharges to Norwegian coastal waters

  • Supply of pollutants and nutrients to norwegian coastal areas

  • 10 main rivers

  • 36 additional rvers

  • Theoretical implementation (modelling) of not monitored rivers

  • OSPAR


Cemp coordinated environmental monitoring programm

CEMP (Coordinated environmental monitoring programm


Dissemination and web portals

Dissemination and web portals


Satocean niva web portal www ferrybox no

SatOcean - NIVA web portal (www.ferrybox.no)


Improved monitoring for wealth creation

Improved monitoring for wealth creation


The norwegian ferrybox network and stakeholder needs

EC-InterRisk (FP6)Interoperable GMES services for environmental risk management in marine and coastal areas of Europe.


Towards an integrated system for operational management of the environment

Towards an integrated system for operational management of the environment

Forecasting

Met.no, NERSC

Ferrybox

NIVA

Risk management

Satellite data

NIVA, NERSC

in situ Control

NIVA, FHL


Summary

Summary

  • Requirements of stakeholders

  • Operational monitoring work at NIVA

    • Ferrybox

    • National monitoring programm

    • Acid rain

    • Long transported pollution

    • River runoff

    • CEMP

    • Dissemination of data


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