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GV1244. Definitions of LLS. Put Your Thinking Cap. What are language learning strategies? Are learning strategies and learning styles the same?. Rubin (1975). LLS are the techniques or devices that learners use to acquire a second language knowledge. Stern (1975).

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Gv1244

GV1244

Definitions of LLS


Put your thinking cap
Put Your Thinking Cap

What are language learning strategies?

Are learning strategies and learning styles the same?


Rubin 1975
Rubin (1975)

LLS are the techniques or devices that learners use to acquire a second language knowledge.


Stern 1975
Stern (1975)

LLS are some general order approaches to learning which govern the choice of specific techniques.


Bailystok 1978
Bailystok (1978)

LLS are methods or conscious enterprise for exploiting available information to improve competence in second language.


Naiman 1978
Naiman (1978)

Language learning strategy is a generally a more or less deliberate approaches to learning.


Cohen 1984
Cohen (1984)

LLS are mental operations that learners used to accomplish learning tasks.


Tarone 1983
Tarone (1983)

Language learning strategy is an attemptto develop linguistic & sociolinguistic competence in the target language to incorporate these into one’s interlanguage competence.


Rubin 1987
Rubin (1987)

LLS are set of operations, steps, plans & routines of what learners do to facilitate the obtaining, storage, retrieval & use of information, and to regulate learning.


Wenden 1987
Wenden (1987)

LLS refer to language learning behaviours learners actually engage in, strategic knowledge about learning, to learn & regulate a second language learning.


Wenden rubin 1987
Wenden & Rubin (1987)

LLS refer to what learners doto learn & do to regulate their learning.


Chamot 1987
Chamot (1987)

LLS are techniques, approaches, or deliberate actions that students take in order to facilitate learning & recall of both linguistic & content area information.


Oxford 1989
Oxford (1989)

LLS are steps taken by the learner to aid the acquisition, storage & retrieval of information.


Oxford 1990
Oxford (1990)

LLS are specific actions taken by the learner to make learning easier, faster, more enjoyable, more self-directed, more effective, & more transferable to new situation.


Oxford 1993
Oxford (1993)

LLS are specific actions, behaviours, steps or techniques that students use to improve their progress in developing second language skills.


Mohamed amin embi 1996
Mohamed Amin Embi (1996)

LLS are plans and/or actions that learners take to enhance the process of language learning.


Put your thinking cap1
Put Your Thinking Cap

What are the differences between language learning strategies & language use strategies?


Lls vs lus
LLS vs LUS

Second language learning & use strategies are steps taken by the learners either to improve the learning of a second language or the use of it.


Lls vs lus1
LLS vs LUS

Language learning strategies are used when learners do not have the purpose of communication but have the purpose of learning.


Lls vs lus2
LLS vs LUS

Strategies of language use are used when learners do not have the purpose of learning but have the purpose of communicating.


Language use strategies
Language Use Strategies

Language use strategies include i) language performance strategies & ii) communication strategies.


Language performance strategies
Language Performance Strategies

Language performance strategies include cognitive processing strategies, strategies for solidifying newly acquired language & strategies for determining the amount of cognitive energy to expand.


Communication strategies
Communication Strategies

Communication strategies focus on getting a message across.


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