Nagwa Abdel Salam Fahmy
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Revealing the "Agenda-Cutting" through Egyptian Blogs: An Empirical Study. PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Nagwa Abdel Salam Fahmy Prof of Journalism Mass Communication Dep. Faculty of Arts, Ain Shams University. Revealing the "Agenda-Cutting" through Egyptian Blogs: An Empirical Study.

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Revealing the agenda cutting through egyptian blogs an empirical study

Nagwa Abdel Salam Fahmy

Prof of Journalism

Mass Communication Dep.

Faculty of Arts, Ain Shams University

Revealing the "Agenda-Cutting" through Egyptian Blogs:An Empirical Study.


Introduction

Blogging in Egypt is an evolving phenomenon, and it is considered a weapon against the restricted flow of information enforced by the government.

The blogging movement in Egypt has been growing since 2004, when active political groups began to express their opposition to government reforms. They organize demonstrations and boycotts as well as criticize governmental policies and corruption.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Introduction


Facts about ict in egypt

16% of the population uses the internet (14.5 million people).

160,000 Egyptian blogs

48.3% are considered "active” and most of the bloggers are between the ages of 20 to 35 years old.

Egypt has been labeled as “one of the Enemies of the Internet” because many bloggers have been sent to jail.

Blogs represent an alternative public space and acts as a bridge between events on the streets and Internet users .

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Facts about ICT in Egypt


Study aims

This empirical study aims:

Help better understandEgyptian bloggers and their role in an authoritarian regime.

Explore the role of Egyptian blogs in reporting stories that were "cut" or ignored by traditional media outlets.

Explore how blogs report the news ignored by mainstream media.

Investigate how Egyptian Internet users comment on those stories.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Study Aims


Literature review

The process of "agenda-cutting" has been raised by few scholars due to the difficulties inherited in any study that aims to uncover news stories that went unreported.

The challenge was how to examine and measure instances of agenda-cutting because this means to measure something not presented in the mainstream news media.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Literature review:


Literature review 2

Moving ignored and devalued information from margins to the mainstream news media became available in networked information societies.

Bloggers, even with small audiences, can generate widespread attention for the ignored information and help create a public sphere.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Literature review: 2


Literature review 3

Political blog’s promote digital democracy and defend human rights

They are available everyday for everyone in society.

Blogs and social networking can empower political movements and provide a good foundation for a battle of ideas.

Blogs can create public awareness and involvement in local issues.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Literature review: 3


Blogging in egypt

No law governs bloggers in Egypt

New Social Movement activists are moving their oppositions online .

Bloggers provide detailed descriptions of street protests and post video footages of incidents.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Blogging in Egypt


Blogging in egypt1

Egyptian blogs are sometimes used to feed stories to the mainstream media.

Bloggers are spreading a culture of disobedience.

Bloggers promote their ideas for political changes and reform.

Activists rely on blogs to find out the time and place of demonstration.

Bloggers in Egypt were subjected to police harassment and detention.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Blogging in Egypt


Research questions

RQ1: How can Egyptian blogs break the vicious cycle of the authority orders to cut a story from the traditional media agenda in order to inform people?

RQ2: What are the tools bloggers use while reporting their news?

RQ3: How do blog comments reveal the commenter’s perceived credibility towards the blog content?

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Research Questions


Research methodology

I conducted qualitative analysis of selected news items that were not reported, or "cut" from the media agenda in 2009.

The aim of this qualitative analysis was to provide a comprehensive analysis of reporting tools, frames, linkage and comments, emerged while covering news stories.

Seven news stories were selected for this analysis.

Selected stories had to have several criteria: they should be about domestic issues and posted exclusively on Al Way Al Masry blog.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Research Methodology


Finding

Torture and police abuse.

State of chaos.

Tapping of a key Egyptian political figure's phone.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Finding


Discussion

Those news stories demonstrate how internet blogs counteract the "agenda-cutting" of mainstream media by reporting on stories not reported elsewhere.

The comments of the blog Al Wa'y Al masri could be seen as a debate.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Discussion


Discussion1

Demonstrating the role of the blogs in supporting public concern toward domestic issues

Unfiltered Egyptian blogs could be considered a platform for free discussion about domestics’ issues, and they also facilitate information disclosure.

Blogs use many strategies to vouch for the credibility of the news they publish. They use video clips, sometimes recorded on mobile phones, and provide links to other sources that confirm their stories.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Discussion


Discussion2

Political blogs are a battlefield where bloggers and blog-users tend to utilize a vulgar language style when they argue and defend their ideas.

They influence public opinion-framing issues related to government abuse, as the blogs are considered the main source of such information.

Blogs seem to hold an uncertain level of credibility among their readers as reflected in their comments.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Discussion


Discussion3

Blogs represent an alternative media that blog-users rely on for information about real life in their communities.

This shows how blogs counteract the cutting of stories from the mainstream media in Egypt.

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Discussion


Revealing the agenda cutting through egyptian blogs an empirical study

Revealing the agenda-cutting through Egyptian Blogs

Thank You


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