(WRITTEN ACADEMIC ENGLISH). UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH PROF. DR. HAMKA. By Dr. Tri Wintolo Apoko, M.Pd. FEATURES OF ACADEMIC WRITING. It is formal in an impersonal or objective style (often using impersonal pronouns and phrases and passive verbs)
UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH PROF. DR. HAMKA
By Dr. Tri Wintolo Apoko, M.Pd.
2. Hesitation Fillers
3. A number of phrasal Verbs
4. Personal pronouns
1. Passive verb tenses
2. Using introductory
3. Modal verbs
She investigated the problems that … .
The students’ difficulties were analyzed by Johns (1987:115) and … .
The completion of the reports in May ensured that the students had time to revise before their examination
Observes by the lecturers’ use of colloquial words and phrases … This use of informal language was also noted by Jackson and Bilton (2006:115) who investigated geology lectures given in English …
viewsREPORTING VERBS COMMONLY USED IN PARAPHRASES & SUMMARIES
In short, …
In a word, …
In brief, …
To sum up, …
In conclusion, …
On the whole, …
In all, …
Therefore/thus/on this basis/given this, it can/may be concluded/deduced/infered that …
1 J.W.M. Verhaar. Asas-asas Linguistik Umum. (Yogyakarta: UGM Press, 1996), p. 161.
2 Robert Lado & Charlos C. Fries. Linguistik di Pelbagai Budaya : Linguistik Terapan untuk Guru Bahasa. Diterjemahkan oleh : Soenjono Dardjowidjojo. (Bandung : Penerbit Ganaco NV, 1979), p. 59.
3 R.R.K. Hartmann & F.C. Stork. Dictionary of Language and Linguistics (London : Applied Science Publishers Ltd, 1976), p. 231.
4 Mario Pei & Frank Gaynor. Dictionary of Linguistics. (New Jersey: Little Field, Adams & Co., 1975), p. 39.
They are put around the author’s actual words, which are then incorporated in the text.
It starts further from the margin than the other lines, and it may be in a different type size or style; the quotations marks are usually omitted. This is normally used for longer quotations (three or more lines)
A feature of academic writing is the need to be cautious in one’s claims and statements. In other words, you may indicate your certainty and commitment in varying degrees.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION being careful:
FOOTNOTE being careful:
George Leech and John Svartvik (2002). A Communicative Grammar of English. Essex: Pearson Education Limited., p. 56
Leech, G. and J. Svartvik (2002). A Communicative Grammar of English. Essex: Pearson Education Limited.