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BRAZIL. A UNIQUE LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY. The Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 & The Pope’s Line of Demarcation. RATIO OF WOMEN:MEN IN COLONIES. PURITAN NEW ENGLAND 1.5:1. COLONIAL BRAZIL 10:1. Emigrated in family groups.

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BRAZIL

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Brazil

BRAZIL

A UNIQUE LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY


Brazil

The Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 & The Pope’s Line of Demarcation


Ratio of women men in colonies

RATIO OF WOMEN:MEN IN COLONIES

  • PURITAN NEW ENGLAND

  • 1.5:1

  • COLONIAL BRAZIL

  • 10:1

Emigrated in family groups.

Brazil becomes a mixture of Portuguese, Indio and African people and cultures


Brazil

Slaves Working in a Brazilian Sugar Mill


Brazil

Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade


Recently uncovered former slave market in rio de janeiro

Recently uncovered former slave market in Rio de Janeiro


Quilombos

QUILOMBOS

  • Settlements of runaway slaves and others – as many as 2,000 throughout Brazil

  • Palmares “Republic” – lasted almost 70 years, resisted conquest under Zumbi


Sugar declines new economy based on coffee growing

SUGAR DECLINES; NEW ECONOMY BASED ON COFFEE GROWING


Brazil

1. Brazil Freed from Portugal

  • The Portuguese royal family escaped Napoleon by fleeing to Brazil.

  • Pedro I set up a new, independent kingdom in 1821 when his father returned to Portugal.

  • Pedro II assumed full power after Pedro I abdicated his throne.


Slaves liberated 1888 brazil is the last major country to do so

Slaves liberated 1888 – Brazil is the last major country to do so


Emperor overthrown republic proclaimed 1889 run by progressive military officers

Emperor overthrown! Republic proclaimed! 1889 – Run by Progressive military officers


Government wants brazil to catch up

GOVERNMENT WANTS BRAZIL TO CATCH UP!

With Coffee economy, Brazil’s center shifts from tropical Northeast to temperate South – around Rio and Sao Paolo


Immigration

IMMIGRATION

  • European immigrants eagerly sought for work force, particularly in South.


Immigration1

IMMIGRATION


European style cities like rio and sao paolo grow

European-style cities like Rio and Sao Paolo grow


Twentieth century development

Twentieth Century - Development

  • 1930s & ‘40s – expanding federal power – national companies established

  • 1950s and ‘60s – New industries established under a democratic government

  • 1960 capital is moved to Brasilia, a newly-built city in the interior

  • 1964-1987 – military dictatorship


Farming the savannas

FARMING THE SAVANNAS

  • Agricultural research institute


Ranching the rain forest

RANCHING THE RAIN FOREST


Social justice

SOCIAL JUSTICE

  • Vast poverty in Northeast

  • Landless movement

  • Workers’ Party


Favelas

FAVELAS


Landless movement connection to old quilombos

LANDLESS MOVEMENT – connection to old quilombos


Social justice1

SOCIAL JUSTICE

  • Workers’ Party – leftist party started in late 1970s – leads opposition to military dictatorship

  • Luis Lula DaSilva – charismatic – elected president 2004; reformer

  • Leads Brazil to international respect


Bric countries large high growth economies

BRIC Countries – Large, high-growth economies

H


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