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BRAZIL. A UNIQUE LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY. The Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 & The Pope’s Line of Demarcation. RATIO OF WOMEN:MEN IN COLONIES. PURITAN NEW ENGLAND 1.5:1. COLONIAL BRAZIL 10:1. Emigrated in family groups.

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brazil

BRAZIL

A UNIQUE LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY

ratio of women men in colonies
RATIO OF WOMEN:MEN IN COLONIES
  • PURITAN NEW ENGLAND
  • 1.5:1
  • COLONIAL BRAZIL
  • 10:1

Emigrated in family groups.

Brazil becomes a mixture of Portuguese, Indio and African people and cultures

quilombos
QUILOMBOS
  • Settlements of runaway slaves and others – as many as 2,000 throughout Brazil
  • Palmares “Republic” – lasted almost 70 years, resisted conquest under Zumbi
slide10

1. Brazil Freed from Portugal

  • The Portuguese royal family escaped Napoleon by fleeing to Brazil.
  • Pedro I set up a new, independent kingdom in 1821 when his father returned to Portugal.
  • Pedro II assumed full power after Pedro I abdicated his throne.
government wants brazil to catch up
GOVERNMENT WANTS BRAZIL TO CATCH UP!

With Coffee economy, Brazil’s center shifts from tropical Northeast to temperate South – around Rio and Sao Paolo

immigration
IMMIGRATION
  • European immigrants eagerly sought for work force, particularly in South.
twentieth century development
Twentieth Century - Development
  • 1930s & ‘40s – expanding federal power – national companies established
  • 1950s and ‘60s – New industries established under a democratic government
  • 1960 capital is moved to Brasilia, a newly-built city in the interior
  • 1964-1987 – military dictatorship
farming the savannas
FARMING THE SAVANNAS
  • Agricultural research institute
social justice
SOCIAL JUSTICE
  • Vast poverty in Northeast
  • Landless movement
  • Workers’ Party
social justice1
SOCIAL JUSTICE
  • Workers’ Party – leftist party started in late 1970s – leads opposition to military dictatorship
  • Luis Lula DaSilva – charismatic – elected president 2004; reformer
  • Leads Brazil to international respect
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