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BRAZIL. A UNIQUE LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY. The Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 & The Pope’s Line of Demarcation. RATIO OF WOMEN:MEN IN COLONIES. PURITAN NEW ENGLAND 1.5:1. COLONIAL BRAZIL 10:1. Emigrated in family groups.

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Brazil

BRAZIL

A UNIQUE LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY


The Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 & The Pope’s Line of Demarcation


Ratio of women men in colonies
RATIO OF WOMEN:MEN IN COLONIES

  • PURITAN NEW ENGLAND

  • 1.5:1

  • COLONIAL BRAZIL

  • 10:1

Emigrated in family groups.

Brazil becomes a mixture of Portuguese, Indio and African people and cultures


Slaves Working in a Brazilian Sugar Mill




Quilombos
QUILOMBOS

  • Settlements of runaway slaves and others – as many as 2,000 throughout Brazil

  • Palmares “Republic” – lasted almost 70 years, resisted conquest under Zumbi



1. Brazil Freed from Portugal

  • The Portuguese royal family escaped Napoleon by fleeing to Brazil.

  • Pedro I set up a new, independent kingdom in 1821 when his father returned to Portugal.

  • Pedro II assumed full power after Pedro I abdicated his throne.




Government wants brazil to catch up
GOVERNMENT WANTS BRAZIL TO CATCH UP! Progressive military officers

With Coffee economy, Brazil’s center shifts from tropical Northeast to temperate South – around Rio and Sao Paolo


Immigration
IMMIGRATION Progressive military officers

  • European immigrants eagerly sought for work force, particularly in South.


Immigration1
IMMIGRATION Progressive military officers



Twentieth century development
Twentieth Century - Development Progressive military officers

  • 1930s & ‘40s – expanding federal power – national companies established

  • 1950s and ‘60s – New industries established under a democratic government

  • 1960 capital is moved to Brasilia, a newly-built city in the interior

  • 1964-1987 – military dictatorship


Farming the savannas
FARMING THE SAVANNAS Progressive military officers

  • Agricultural research institute


Ranching the rain forest
RANCHING THE RAIN FOREST Progressive military officers


Social justice
SOCIAL JUSTICE Progressive military officers

  • Vast poverty in Northeast

  • Landless movement

  • Workers’ Party


Favelas
FAVELAS Progressive military officers


Landless movement connection to old quilombos
LANDLESS Progressive military officers MOVEMENT – connection to old quilombos


Social justice1
SOCIAL JUSTICE Progressive military officers

  • Workers’ Party – leftist party started in late 1970s – leads opposition to military dictatorship

  • Luis Lula DaSilva – charismatic – elected president 2004; reformer

  • Leads Brazil to international respect


Bric countries large high growth economies
BRIC Countries – Large, Progressive military officers high-growth economies

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