Klassische Musik. Thomas hört drei Komponisten: Bach , Mozart & Beethoven. Johann Sebastian Bach. 1685-1750. der Barock. Die brandenburger Konzerte. www.jsbach.org.
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Thomas hört drei Komponisten:
Bach, Mozart& Beethoven
Die brandenburger Konzerte
The English word baroque is derived from the Italian barocco, meaning bizarre, though probably exuberant would be a better translation more accurately reflecting the sense. The usage of this term originated in the 1860s to describe the highly decorated style of 17th and 18th century religious and public buildings in Italy, Germany and Austria, as typified by the very baroque angelic organist adorning the Gottfried Silbermann organ completed in 1714 for the Cathedral in Freiberg, Saxony (illustrated above). Later, during the early-to-mid 1900s, the term baroque was applied by association to music of the 17th and early 18th century, and today the term baroque has come to refer to a very clearly definable type or genre of music which originated, broadly speaking, around 1600 and came to fruition between 1700 and 1750.
Die Fuge is a piece of music, contrapuntal in character, which is based on imitation. It follows certain rules and usually involves three or four strands, although there can be more. Sometimes these are called voices, even though they are played. A fugue starts with the main theme called the subject and this is followed by the second voice playing the answer (this is the subject transposed up a fifth or down a fourth). This is followed by another statement of the subject, and, if there are four voices, another playing of the answer. This part of the fugue is called the exposition, and the tonic and dominant keys are used.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Era(1750 - 1800)
Based on the ideals of Ancient Greece and Rome, the Classical period stressed the importance of symmetry and form in the arts. In music, the elaborate ornamentation of the Late Baroque period gave way to a new simplicity and elegance. Emotional content was still present, but it was never allowed to obscure the clarity and formal structure of the music.
The Classical period has been called the "Golden Age of Music" because it was at this time that the major forms of Classical music--the symphony, concerto, sonata, and string quartet--were fully developed.
The sonata is the most important musical form of the Classical period: It influenced the development of all areas of orchestral and chamber music. Although the sonata was used most often in the opening movements of compositions, it is also found in slow movements and finales.
The sonata consists of three sections: the exposition, the development, and the recapitulation. Like a story with a beginning, middle, and end, the result is a musical piece that is at once clearly symmetrical and satisfyingly whole, but which conveys a sense of growth as it unfolds.
Die Klassik: Form und Symmetrie
Die Brücke zur Romantik
As the link to the romantic era that dominated the nineteenth century, Beethoven is a point of departure for many of the trends that existed in the era. The so-called Romantic Styleincludes the growth of a number of varied and often antithetical influences. These include the development of the symphony as a genre; Program Music and the ideal of absolute music; grand opera; Lieder ; character pieces for piano; the piano sonata; national musical style; and the expansion of tonality and harmonic practice.